THE EFFECT OF ADDITIVES PEPAYA LEAF EXTRACT (Carica papaya L.) ON DRINKING WATER ON THE PHYSICAL QUALITY OF JOPER CHICKEN MEAT

  • GIRSANG C. F. B. Animal Husbandry of Udayana University
  • N. L. P. SRIYANI Animal Husbandry of Udayana University
  • G. A. M. K. DEWI Animal Husbandry of Udayana University

Abstract




This study aims to determine the effect of adding papaya leaf extract (Carica papaya L.) on drinking water to physical quality of Joper chicken meat. This study used a completely randomized design (CRD) with four treatmen- ts and four replications. Every unit was contained 3 Joper chickens. The treatments were drinking water without papaya leaf extract (P0), drinking water with 25 ml of papaya leaf extract in 1 liter of water (P1), drinking water with 30 ml of papaya leaf extract in 1 liter of water (P2), drinking water with 35 ml papaya leaf extract in liters of water (P3). The variables observed were pH, color, water holding capacity, cooking loss, and weep loss. The results showed that the addition of papaya leaf extract had a significant effect (P<0.05) on the physical quality of Joper chicken meat. Papaya leaf extract decreased the physical quality of Joper chicken meat in terms of water holding ca- pacity, cooking loss, and weep loss in P2 and P3 treatments. However, this papaya leaf extract treatment improves the quality of the flesh color to become brighter. The conclusion of this study is the addition of papaya leaf extract in drinking water affects the physical quality of Joper chicken meat compare without papaya leaf extract. The treat- ment that gave the best results was P1 treatment with the addition of 25 ml of papaya leaf extract.




Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Budiarti. 1992. Peran Bawang Putih (Allium sativum) dalam Meningkatkan Kualitas Daging Ayam Pedaging. Bagian Ilmu Kedokteran Dasar Veteriner, Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Universitas Airlangga. Surabaya.

Hartono, Y. 1994. Pengaruh penggunaan pasir dalam ransum terhadap persentase potongan komersial, dan organ bagian dalam ayam broiler. Karya Ilmiah. Fakultas Peternakan IPB. Bogor.

Jacob, C.C., J.R. Leke, C.L.K. Sarajar, dan L.M.S. Tangkau. 2019. Penampilan produksi ayam kampung super melalui penambahan jus daun gedi (Abelmoc- hus manihot L. Medik) dalam air minum. Zootec. 39(2): 362-370.

Karyono, T., H. Nofrida, dan M. Arifin. 2019. Level ek- strak daun papaya (Carica papaya L.) dalam air minum terhadap performens ayam arab jantan periode starter. Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia. 21(3): 294-302.

Komariah. 2009. Aneka Olahan Daging Sapi. Depok: Agromedia Pustaka

Lawrie, R.A. 2003. Meat Science. The 6th ed. Terjemahan. A. Paraksi dan A. Yudha. Penerbit Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta.

Lestarianto, A. 2021. Pengaruh Aditif Ekstrak Daun Pe- paya (Carica papaya L.) pada Air Minum terhadap Kualitas Fisik Daging Ayam Joper. Skripsi. Fakultas Peternakan. Universitas Udayana. Denpasar

Lukman, D.W, A.W. Sanjaya, M. Sudarwanto, R.R. Soe-joedono T. Purnawarman, dan H. Latif. 2007. Higiene Pangan. Bogor: Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Muharlien, V.M. dan A. Nurgiartiningsih. 2015. Peman- faatan limbah daun pepaya dalam bentuk tepung dan jus untuk meningkatkan performans produksi ayam arab. J. Life Sci. 2(2): 93-100.

Navid, S., A. SheikhIar, and K. Kaveh. 2011. Influence of the combination of vitamin D3 and papaya leaf on meat quality of spent layer hen. Agric. J. 6: 197-200.

Nwofia, G.E., P. Ojimelukwe, and C. Eji. 2012. Chemical composition of leaves, fruit pulp, and seed in some (Carica papaya L.) morphotypes. Int. J. Med. Arom. Plants. 2: 200-206.

Pangestu, A.T., N.W. Siti, dan N.M. Sukmawati. 2018. Pengaruh daun pepaya terfermentasi terhadap karakteristik organoleptik daging itik bali betina umur 10 minggu. J. Tropic. Anim. Sci. 6(2): 360-371.

Rukmini, S.N.K. 2006. Penampilan dan Karakteristik Fisik Karkas Itik Bali Jantan yang diberi Daun Pepaya (Carica papaya L.), Daun Katuk (Sauropus androgrnus) dan Kombinasinya melalui Air Minum. Tesis. Program Pascasarjana Universitas Udayana, Denpasar.

Shanks, B.C., D.M. Wolf, and R.J. Maddock. 2002. Technical note: The effect of freezing on Warner Bratzler shear force values of beef longissimus steak across several postmortem aging periods. J. Anim. Sci. 80: 2122-2125.

Soeparno. 2009. Ilmu dan Teknologi Daging, Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta.

Soeparno. 2015. Ilmu dan Teknologi Daging. Edisi kedua. Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta.

Sriyani, N.L.P. 2004. Pengaruh Pemberian Pakan Daun Pepaya (Carica papaya L.) Terhadap Kinerja Produksi, Kualitas Fisik dan Organoleptik Kambing Bligon. Tesis. Program Pascasarjana Gadjah Mada. Yogyakarta.

Sriyani, N.L.P., I.N.T. Ariana, A.W. Puger, dan N.W. Siti. 2014. Pengaruh pakan daun pepaya (Carica Papaya L.) terhadap kualitas fisik daging kambing bligon. Majalah Ilmu Peternakan. 17(3): 91-94

Sriyani, N.L.P, N.M.A. Rasna, S.A. Lindawati, dan A.A. Oka. 2015. Studi perbandingan kualitas fisik daging babi bali dengan babi landrace persilangan yang dipotong di rumah potong hewan tradisional. Majalah ilmiah peternakan. 18(1): 26-29.

Steel, R.G.D. dan J.H. Torrie. 1995. Prinsip dan Prosedur Statistika. Penerjemah Bambang Soemantri. PT. Gramedia, Jakarta.

Sudjatinah, C.H. Wibowo dan P. Widiyaningrum. 2005. Pengaruh pemberian ektrak daun pepaya terhadap tampilan produksi ayam broiler. J. Indon. Trop. Anim. Agric. 30(4): 224-229.

Sukmawati, N.M., I.P. Sampurna, dan M. Wirapartha. 2015. Suplementasi jus daun pepaya terfermentasi dalam ransum komersial untuk meningkatkan kualitas daging ayam kampung. Laporan Penelitian, Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Udayana.

Sumardjo, D. 2009. Pengantar Kimia Buku Panduan Kuliah Mahasiswa Kedokteran dan Program Strata 1 Fakultas Bioeksakta. EGC. Jakarta.

Suriawiria. 2002. Tanaman Berkhasiat sebagai Obat. Papas Sinar Sinanti, Jakarta.

Sutardi. 1987. Biokimia Pangan. PAU Pangan dan Gizi. Universitas Gadjah Mada. Yogyakarta. 9: 31-32.

Suwetja, I.K. 2007. Biokimia Hasil Perikanan. Jilid III. Rigormortis, TMAO, dan ATP. Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan. Universitas Sam Ratulangi Manado.

[USDA] United State Department of Agriculture. 1977. Poultry Guiding Manual. U.S. Government Printing Office Washington. D.C

Yaman, A. 2010. Ayam Kampung Unggul 6 Minggu Pa- nen. Penebar Tenaga Kerja.
Published
2022-11-24
How to Cite
C. F. B., GIRSANG; SRIYANI, N. L. P.; DEWI, G. A. M. K.. THE EFFECT OF ADDITIVES PEPAYA LEAF EXTRACT (Carica papaya L.) ON DRINKING WATER ON THE PHYSICAL QUALITY OF JOPER CHICKEN MEAT. Majalah Ilmiah Peternakan, [S.l.], v. 25, n. 2, p. 85-90, nov. 2022. ISSN 2656-8373. Available at: <https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/mip/article/view/97178>. Date accessed: 17 apr. 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.24843/MIP.2022.V25.i02.p05.