PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS, RUMEN FERMENTATION PRODUCTS AND IN-VITRO DIGESTIBILITY OF NONI LEAVES (Morinda citrifolia) SILAGE USING DIFFERENT INOCULUMS

  • Taqwa R. M. Animal Science Program Study, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Udayana University
  • N. P. Mariani Animal Science Program Study, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Udayana University
  • I M. Mudita Animal Science Program Study, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Udayana University

Abstract

This study aims to determine the physical characteristics, rumen fermentation products and in-vitro digestibility silage of noni leaves (Morinda citrifolia) using different inoculums. This study was conducted at the Research Station of Sesetan and the Laboratory of Nutrition and Animal Feed, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Udayana University from June to September 2019. The design used was a completely randomized design (CRD) consisting of five treatments namely the silage of noni leaves without inoculum as a control (A), using Effective Microorganism 4 as inoculum combination of microorganism (EM-4) (B), using inoculum Saccharomyces cerevisiae (yeast) (C), using inoculum Bacillus sp. strain BT3CL (D) and using inoculum Bacillus subtilis strain BR2CL (E) and each treatment had three replications.The observed variables were physical characteristics (density, water solubility and water absorption), rumen fermentation products (VFA and N-NH3) and in-vitro digestibility (KcBK and KcBO). Research shows that using various kinds of inoculums (B, C, D and E) increase physical characteristics (density, solubility and water absorption), digestibility (KcBK and KcBO) and rumen fermentation products (VFA and N-NH3) of noni leaves. Using inoculum bacteria (D and E) produced the highest density each 0,42 g/ml and 0,43 g/ml, and treatment D produced the highest water solubility of 33,63%. The inoculum combination of microorganism (B) produced noni leaves silage with highest water absorption, in-vitro digestibility (KcBK and KcBO) and rumen fermentation products (VFA and NNH3) each 205,08%, 71,32%, 72,55%, 126,19 mM and 15,37 mM. Based on these result can conclude that noni leaves silage fermented by inoculum combination of microorganism (EM-4/ treatment B) has highest water absorption, in-vitro digestability and rumen fermentation product.


Keywords: noni leaves, inoculum, digestibility, fermentation product, physical characteristics, silage

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Author Biographies

Taqwa R. M., Animal Science Program Study, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Udayana University

PS. Peternakan, Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Udayana, Jl. PB. Sudirman, Denpasar, Bali

N. P. Mariani, Animal Science Program Study, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Udayana University

PS. Peternakan, Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Udayana, Jl. PB. Sudirman, Denpasar, Bali

I M. Mudita, Animal Science Program Study, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Udayana University

PS. Peternakan, Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Udayana, Jl. PB. Sudirman, Denpasar, Bali

Published
2020-09-03
How to Cite
R. M., Taqwa; MARIANI, N. P.; MUDITA, I M.. PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS, RUMEN FERMENTATION PRODUCTS AND IN-VITRO DIGESTIBILITY OF NONI LEAVES (Morinda citrifolia) SILAGE USING DIFFERENT INOCULUMS. Jurnal Peternakan Tropika, [S.l.], v. 8, n. 3, p. 462-473, sep. 2020. ISSN 2722-7286. Available at: <https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/tropika/article/view/63693>. Date accessed: 28 may 2024.

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