Warisan Afiks Bahasa Bali Kuno dalam Bahasa Bali Moderen

  • I Ketut Ngurah Sulibra Prodi Sastra Bali FIB Unud
  • Ni Ketut Ratna Erawati Udayana University
  • I Nyoman Duana Sutika Udayana University

Abstract

The Old Balinese language is the forerunner of the existence of the current Modern Balinese language. As an agglutinative language, affixes are important in the formation of vocabulary. There are some Old Balinese affixes inherited in the Modern  Balinese language, both prefixes, infixes, and suffixes. The purpose of this research is to describe the inheritance of Old Balinese language affixes into Modern Balinese language. The theory used is the structural theory. Methodologically, this research is divided into three stages. The first stage of data collection is the library, listening, and note taking method assisted by translation and equivalent techniques. Second, the data analysis phase uses qualitative-quantitative methods with analytical descriptive techniques. Third, the stage of presenting the results of the analysis with the formal-informal method. The results of this study indicate that the inherited Old Balinese language affixes include prefixes reaching 50%, infixes 66, 67 %, and suffixes 42, 86%. It means that there are some Old Balinese language affixes that have not been inherited. Although the Old Balinese language is the source of the existence of the Balinese Modern language, it turns out that not all of its affixes are inherited.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Arikunto. (2006). Prosedur Penelitian (Suatu Pendekatan Praktek). Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Arnawa, I Nengah. (2008). Wawasan Linguistik dan Pengajaran Bahasa. Denpasar: Pelawa Sari.

Ba’dulu, Abdul Muis dan Herman. (2005). Morfosintaksis. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Chaer, Abdul. (2014). Linguistik Umum. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Crees, Angela. (2010). “Linguistic Etnography” dalam Lia Litosseliti (Editor) Research Methods in Linguistics. London: Continuum International Publishing Group.

Erawati, Ni Ketut Ratna. (2002). “Pewarisan Afiks-Afiks Bahasa Jawa Kuna dalam Bahasa Jawa Modern) (Tesis untuk Prodi Magister Linguistik Unud.)

Djajasudarma, T. Fatimah. (1993). Metode Linguistik: Ancangan metode Penelitian dan Kajian. Bandung: Eresco.

Goris, R. (1954). Prasasti Bali. Bandung: NV Masa Baru.

Granoka, Ida Wayan, dkk. (1985). Kamus Bali Kuno-Indonesia. Jakarta: Pusat Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa Depdikbud.

Granoka, Ida Wayan, dkk. (1996). Tata Bahasa baku Bahasa Bali. Denpasar: Pemerintah Propinsi Daerah Tk. I Bali.

Japa, I Wayan. (1988). “Warisan Unsur-Unsur Leksikal Bahasa Bali Kuno dalam Bahasa Bali baru” (Skripsi). Denpasar: Fakultas Sastra.

Keraf, Gorys. (1996). Linguistik Bandingan Historis. Jakarta: Gramedia.

Kridalaksana, Harimurti. (1984). Kamus Linguistik. Jakarta: Gramedia.

Kridalaksana, Harimurti. (2007). Pembentukan Kata dalam Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama.
Mahsun. (1995). Dialektologi Diakronis: Sebuah Pengantar. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Mahsun. (2005). Metode Penelitian Bahasa: Tahapan Strategi, metode, dan Tekniknya. Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo Persada.

Parera, Jos Daniel. (1988). Morfologi. Jakarta: PT Gramedia.

Saussure, Ferdinand de. (1996). Pengantar Linguistik Umum (Edisi terjemahan). Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Sudaryanto. (2015). Metode dan Aneka Teknik Analisis Bahasa. Yogyakarta: Sanatana Dharma University Press.

Sulibra, I Ketut Ngurah. (2017). “Warisan Fonologis Bahasa Bali Kuna dalam Bahasa Bali Modern: Studi Pendahuluan” (Prosiding: 8th Seminar International on Austronesian and Non-Austronesian and Literature in Indonesia). Denpasar: Faculty of Arts Udayana University.

Verhaar, J.W.M. (1996). Asas-Asas Linguitik Umum. Yogyakarta: Gadjah mada University Press.

Wikipedia. (https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alomorf)

Yasa, Putu Eka Guna. (2017). “Evolusi Fonologis dan Makna Budaya Leksikon dalam Bahasa Bali” (Tesis untuk Prodi Magister Linguistik Unud).
Published
2022-05-28
How to Cite
SULIBRA, I Ketut Ngurah; ERAWATI, Ni Ketut Ratna; SUTIKA, I Nyoman Duana. Warisan Afiks Bahasa Bali Kuno dalam Bahasa Bali Moderen. Humanis, [S.l.], v. 26, n. 2, p. 247-254, may 2022. ISSN 2302-920X. Available at: <https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/sastra/article/view/80753>. Date accessed: 19 aug. 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.24843/JH.2022.v26.i02.p09.
Section
Articles