Balinese Students Pronunciation in Learning English: A Case Study of Sixth-Grade Students at SDN 1 Petulu Ubud

  • Ni Kadek Suantari 1418351055
  • I Made Suastra
  • I Gusti Agung Istri Aryani


This study is aimed to identify how the Balinese students pronounce English consonants and to analyse the factors that influenced the Balinese student’s pronunciation in pronouncing English consonants. This study was conducted as field research and the data was collected from the Balinese student’s pronunciation by recording their voices in pronouncing the target phonemes. Besides, interviewing was also done to know the factors that influence them in pronouncing the target phonemes. Data of this research was descriptively analysed by using qualitative methods and analysed by the theory proposed by Roach, Brown, and Harmer. The consonants chosen were the consonants that mostly do not occur in their native language structure such as /f/, /?/, /?/, /?/, /v/, /ð/, /z/, /?/, /?/ and the chosen English consonants that are pronounced differently from what it has written is /k/. The Balinese students were not familiar with those phonemes caused they found difficulties when they pronounced those phonemes sound. Foreign language pronunciation of the students was influenced by some factors: Age, First language interference, Learner differences (student’s aptitude and intelligence), and Motivation (teacher and other students).


Download data is not yet available.


Brown, H Douglas. (2000). Principles of Language Learning and Teaching. Longman.

Bawa, I Ketut., & Jendra, I Wayan. (1981). Struktur Bahasa Bali. UpToDate. Retrieved March 16, 2021, from.

Carey, Stan. et. all. (n.d.). Macmillan Dictionary Online. 2009. Retrieved August 26, 2020, from:

Cobuild-Collins. (2015). Advanced Dictionary of English (1st ed).

Freeman, Yvonne.S., Freeman, David. E. (1998). ESL/EFL Teaching: Principles for Success. Heinemann: Portsmouth.

Gilakjani, Abbas Pourhosein. (2012). A Study of Factors Affecting EFL Learner’s English Pronunciation learning and the Strategies for Instruction. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 2 (3), 119-128.

Gilakjani, Abbas P. (2001). Why is Pronunciation So Difficult to Learn?. English Language Teaching, 4 (3), 74-83.

Hakim, M Arif Rahman. (2012). An Analysis of Phonetics b, d, g, j, ʤ and ð into English pronunciation for Java Students (A Study on Java Students at English Department on STAIN Bengkulu Academic Year 2011-2012). International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 2 (20), 12-21.

Harmer, Jeremy. (2001). The Practice of English Language Teaching. Longman.

Pastika, I Wayan. (2005). Fonologi Bahasa Bali. Kuta: Pustaka Larasan.

Roach, Peter. (1998). English Phonetics and Phonology. Cambridge University Press.

Sidanes. I Dewa Ketut. (2016). The Error in Pronouncing Vowels and Consonants in Reading English Medical Text by The Second Grade Students of Stikes Bali. Humanis Journal of Arts and Humanities, 17 (1), 75-80.

Sudaryanto. (1993). Metode dan Aneka
Teknik Analisis Bahasa: Pengantar Penelitian Wahana Kebudayaan Secara Linguistis. Duta Wacana Univesity Press.

Sudibyo, Bambang. (2006). Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional Republik Indonesia. Retrieved July 21, 2020, from:

Sugioyono. (2016). Metode Penelitian Pendidikan: Pendekatan Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R&D. Alfabeta.

Sutjaja, I Gustri Made. (2007). Balinese-English – English-Balinese Dictionary. Pustaka Bali Post.

Suharsimi, Arikunto. (2016). Dasar-Dasar Evaluasi Pendidikan. Bumi Aksara.

Temaja, Nyoman Mahendra. (2008). Learning English Pronunciations and Vocabularies as Foreign Language for Children through Computer Interactive Software. [Unpublished undergraduate thesis]. Udayana University.

Umantari, Putu Intan Meldi. (2016). Pronunciation problems of English Consonants Encountered by Senior High School Students of SMAN 1 Tabanan. [Unpublished undergraduate thesis]. Udayana University.

Utama, Luh Gde Titah Madriyanthi. (2018). The Pronunciation of English Fricatives in the Speech by a Non Native Speaker. Humanis Journal of Arts and Humanities, 22 (2), 395-401.
How to Cite
SUANTARI, Ni Kadek; SUASTRA, I Made; ARYANI, I Gusti Agung Istri. Balinese Students Pronunciation in Learning English: A Case Study of Sixth-Grade Students at SDN 1 Petulu Ubud. Humanis, [S.l.], v. 25, n. 2, p. 166-176, may 2021. ISSN 2302-920X. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 13 july 2024. doi: