Does Gender and Academic Year Affect The Performance of Entrepreneurship Education?
Entrepreneurship education has received special attention from Indonesia government in the last 10 years. It is one of the government programs to increase the number of entrepreneurs to support Indonesia’s vision to become a developed country in 2045. Research on gender issues and women entrepreneurship have attracted attention, thus increased tremendously. Yet, there are still few scholars whose research is about the relationship between gender and entrepreneurship academic performance, especially in Indonesia. This study aims to compare entrepreneurship subject final score, using gender and academic year as the independent variables. The data used in this study is secondary data taken from the academic system. There are 3336 data used in this research. There are four levels of the academic year and there are 834 data in each academic year, consist of 374 males and 460 females. The comparative test is analyzed using a two-way ANOVA. The result of this study shows that there is a significant difference between the male and female final scores on entrepreneurship subjects from the second semester until the fifth semester. Females tend to have higher scores compared to males. The result of this study also shows that there is a significant difference in the final score between each academic year. The result of the two-way ANOVA shows that there is no interaction between academic year and gender. Based on the finding, it is recommended to do further research to find the reason behind the good achievement by female.
Balart, P., & Oosterveen, M. (2019). Females show more sustained performance during test-taking than males. Nature Communications, 10(1). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-11691-y
Faisal, R., Shinwari, L., & Hussain, S. S. (2017). Academic Performance of Male in Comparison with Female Undergraduate Medical Students in Pharmacology Examinations. http://www.texastop10.princeton.edu/reports/wp/ANNALS_Co
Ghazvini, S. D., & Khajehpour, M. (2011). Gender differences in factors affecting academic performance of high school students. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 15, 1040–1045. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.03.236
Goni, U., wali B, Y. S., Kaltum Ali, H., & Waziri Bularafa, M. (2015). Journal of Education and Practice www.iiste.org ISSN (Vol. 6, Issue 32). Online. www.iiste.org
Justus, X. (2021). Academic Entrepreneurship Education: Does Gender Matter? SHS Web of Conferences, 90, 02005. https://doi.org/10.1051/shsconf/20219002005
Khaleel, M. (2017). Female students are more likely to get higher grades than male students. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 7(3), 378. www.ijsrp.org
Martí-Ballester, C. P. (2019). Factors that influence academic performance: analyzing gender differences in accounting students. Revista Educación, 43(2), 29. https://doi.org/10.15517/revedu.v43i2.28916
Mirzanti, I. R., Simatupang, T. M., & Larso, D. (2015). Mapping on Entrepreneurship Policy in Indonesia. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 169, 346–353. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.01.319
Parajuli, M., & Thapa, A. (2017). Gender Differences in the Academic Performance of Students. Journal of Development and Social Engineering, 3(1), 39–47.
Sinell, A., Müller-Wieland, R., & Muschner, A. (2018). Gender-Specific Constraints on Academic Entrepreneurship and Engagement in Knowledge and Technology Transfer. In Technology Innovation Management Review (Vol. 8, Issue 2).
Ullah, R. (2019). Male versus Females’ educational performance: Empirical evidences from global north and global south. African Educational Research Journal, 7(4), 163–167. https://doi.org/10.30918/AERJ.74.19.036
Unwalla, N. (2020). Comparative Analysis of Study Habits Between Males and Females. In International Journal of Innovative Science and Research Technology (Vol. 5, Issue 7). www.ijisrt.com182
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.