Laporan Kasus : Gingivostomatitis dan Infeksi Parasite Otodectes Cynotis pada Kucing Lokal

  • Umbu Yabu Anggung Praing Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Universitas Udayana
  • I Gede Soma Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Universitas Udayana
  • I Gusti Made Krisna Erawan Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Universitas Udayana

Abstract

Feline chronic gingivostomatitis (FCGS) is a painful inflamation in the oral cavity of cats. The case study is a male local cat, named Haru. Haru is 4 years old cat, weight 5.5 kg, with yellow and white hair. The owner came to a veterinary clinic, report that Haru had a decreased appetite for eating and drinking, and one week before the cat had vomited food when he was given dry feed and had difficulty in chewing food. The owner also saw his cat was scratching the ear area, in the cat's mouth area, the hypersalivation started to appear mixed with blood from one week earlier and gradually became more pronounced, and there was a black crust around the cat's mouth that was visible from the previous one week. The cat is one of the 19 cats kept by the owner. On clinical examination of  cat's oral cavity, it was observed that there was inflammation of the gums starting from the cranial to the caudal part. Severe inflammation was seen of the caudal oral mucosa. Inflammation occurs bilaterally. Besides, ulceration was clearly visible, redness, swelling and feeling discomfort when the oral cavity is opened. The cat was diagnosed gingivostomatitis with a fausta prognosis. Dry dark brown substance was found in the inner part of the ears. Under the microscope, the dark brown substance contained Otodectus cynotis. Treatment for gingivostomatitisis carried out by administering dexamethasone 0,91 mg/KgBB given one a day for five days, cefotaxime 60 mg/KgBB given twicw a day for seven days, infusion of RL for seven days, and multivitamins hematodine 0,2 ml/KgBB once day for three days. After one - week treatment, Haru gradually recovered. Eardrops containing pyrethrine was used to treat Otodectus cynotis infestation. On examination of earwax after a week, Otodectus cynotis was not found. The treatmen was given only symptomatic relief but not the agent causing the infection so that the case recurs seven days after the treatment, so it is recommended to do tooth extraction or scalling.


Key words: Local cat; feline chronic gingivostomatitis; oral cavity; Otodectes cynotis.

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Author Biographies

I Gede Soma, Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Universitas Udayana

Laboratorium Fisiologi, Farmakologi, dan Farmasi Veteriner

I Gusti Made Krisna Erawan, Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Universitas Udayana

Laboratorium Ilmu Penyakit Dalam Veteriner

Published
2021-05-31
How to Cite
ANGGUNG PRAING, Umbu Yabu; SOMA, I Gede; ERAWAN, I Gusti Made Krisna. Laporan Kasus : Gingivostomatitis dan Infeksi Parasite Otodectes Cynotis pada Kucing Lokal. Indonesia Medicus Veterinus, [S.l.], p. 478-492, may 2021. ISSN 2477-6637. Available at: <https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/imv/article/view/68404>. Date accessed: 11 aug. 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.19087/imv.2021.10.3.478.
Section
Case Report