Causativity And Alternation Me-Kan /-I In Indonesian

  • Robert Masreng University of Cenderawasih
  • N.L., Sutjiati Beratha Udayana University
  • I Nengah Sudipa Udayana University
  • I Ketut Darma Laksana Udayana University


Language study is a way of expressing various language phenomena based on macrolinguistics and microlinguistics point of view. The study of macrolinguistic aspects focuses on languages ??relating to other disciplines. On the contrary, microlinguistic study focuses more on language structures, such as phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics. In this paper, the analysis focuses on the aspect of the Indonesian typology phenomenon from the ponit of view of valence verb of transitive verb based on verb formation process meng-kan/i. The analysis results describe that verbs with affix me-i/-kan form causative construction of both formal and semantic parameters; Verb alternation with affix me-i/-kan can be applied when verbal construction presents locative and benefactive roles in two different constructions; The alternation occurs because it is tied to grammatical relation constructing a clause construction; and the alternation of meng/i raises the verb's valence level in the clause construction.


Download data is not yet available.


Alwi, Hasan, dkk. 2008. Tata Bahasa Baku Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka.
Artawa, I Ketut. Valency in Classes in Standard Indonesia. Denpasar: Udayana University.
Barðdal, Jóhanna. 2008 Productivity: Evidence from Case and Argument Structure. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
Comrie, Bernard. 1983. Language Universal and Linguistic Typology: Syntax and Morphology. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
Eric Reuland (Edit.). 2007. Argumen Structure. Utrecht: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
Jufrizal. 2007. Tipologi Gramatikal Bahasa Minangkabau. Padang: UNP Press.
Kridalaksana, Harimurti. Kamus Linguistik. Jakarta: PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama.
Lieber, Rochele. 2009. Introducing Morphology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Peter, Matthews. 1997. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Lingistics. Oxford: Oxford University University Press.
Van Valin, Robert J. dan Randy J. Lapola. 1997. Syntax: Structure, Meaning and Function. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Tambahkan referensi minimal dua referensi dari eJS contoh:
Jayantini, I G. A. S. Rwa et al. 2018. Naturalization and Adaptation Taking Place in the Translation of Medical Texts from English into Indonesian. e-Journal of Linguistics DOAJ Indexed (Since 15 Sep 2015) January2018 Vol.12 No.1 P: 25-36 DOI.10.24843/eJL.2018.v.12.i01.p.03 e-ISSN: 2442-7586 p-ISSN: 2541-5514
How to Cite
MASRENG, Robert et al. Causativity And Alternation Me-Kan /-I In Indonesian. e-Journal of Linguistics, [S.l.], v. 13, n. 1, p. 32-42, jan. 2019. ISSN 2442-7586. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 02 dec. 2023. doi:

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>