Isolasi dan Identifikasi Endomikoriza pada Perakaran Tanaman Jagung (Zea mays L.) Dataran Sedang serta Perbanyakannya pada Tingkat Kadar Air Tanah Berbeda

  • NGAKAN MADE ADI WEDAGAMA Program Studi Agroekoteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana
  • I MADE SUKEWIJAYA Program Studi Agroekoteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana
  • NI LUH KARTINI Program Studi Agroekoteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana
  • I NYOMAN RAI Program Studi Agroekoteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana

Abstract

Isolation and Identification of Endomycorrhizal on Corn Root (Zea mays L.) at Medium Plain and its Propagation at Different Soil Water Level. Endomycorrhizal has several benefits that can increase the absorption of water and nutrients, protect plants from root pathogens and toxic elements, play a role in the improvement of soil structure, and increase the solubility of nutrients. The purpose of this research is to find out the types endomycorrhizal contained in the corn roots at medium plains in Gianyar Regency, and the influence of different soil water level to endomycorrhizal ability to reproduce spores. This research was conducted from September 2017 to February 2018. The method of the research includes exploration, isolation, identification, propagation of spores endomycorrhizal, and soil samples analysis. Isolation and identification result found 2 genus of spores endomycorrhizal that was Glomus and Acaulospora, with various spore amount and the level of infection endomycorrhizal was very high with percentage of 83.33-86.67%. Spores propagation test results showed that the highest percentage enhacement of spores endomycorrhizal amount was found in the third soil sampling location in soil water level of 40% field capacity treatment with percentage of 551.85%. The level of endomycorrhizal infections at the roots of all treatment of soil sampling location and soil water level were very high with percentage of 100%.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Brundrett, M., N. Bougher, B. Dell, T. Grove, dan N. Malajczuk. 1996. Working with Mycorrhizas in Forestry and Agriculture. ACIAR Monograph 32. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research. Canberra.
Cahyani, N. K. M. D., S. Nurhatika, dan A. Muhibuddin. 2014. Eksplorasi Mikoriza Vesikular Arbuskular (MVA) Indigenous pada Tanah Aluvial di Kabupaten Pamekasan Madura. Jurnal Sains dan Seni Pomits 3 (1): 22-25.
Chairuman, N. 2008. Efektivitas Cendawan Mikoriza Arbuskula pada Beberapa Tingkat Pemberian Kompos Jerami terhadap Ketersediaan Fosfat serta Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Padi Gogo di Tanah Ultisol. Tesis. Universitas Sumatera Utara.
Delvian. 2006. Dinamika Sporulasi Cendawan Arbuskula. Universitas Sumatera Utara.
INVAM. 2017. International Culture Collection of Vesicular and Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi. Morgantown, West Virginia Agriculture and Foresty Experimental Station. http://www.invam.cat.wvu.edu (diakses tanggal 17 Januari 2018).
Jumin, H. B. 2012. Dasar-dasar Agronomi. PT RajaGrafindo Persada. Jakarta.
Manurung, Y. C., A. S. Hanafiah, dan P. Marbun. 2015. Pengaruh Berbagai Kadar Air Tanah pada Efektifitas Mikoriza Arbuskular terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Serapan Hara Bibit Karet (Hevea brassiliensis Muell. Arg.) di Rumah Kasa. Jurnal Online Agroekoteknologi 3 (2): 465-475.
Nurhandayani, R., R. Linda, dan S. Khotimah. 2013. Inventarisasi Jamur Mikoriza Vesikular Arbuskular dari Rhizosfer Tanah Gambut Tanaman Nanas (Ananas comosus (L.) Merr). Protobiont 2 (3): 146-151.
Pangaribuan, N. 2014. Penjaringan Cendawan Mikoriza Arbuskula Indigenous dari Lahan Penanaman Jagung dan Kacang Kedelai pada Gambut Kalimantan Barat. Jurnal Agro 1 (1): 50-60.
Raharja, N. C. 2015. Isolasi dan Identifikasi Fungi Mikoriza Arbuskula (FMA) Lokal pada Rhizosfer Rumput Lahan Pasca Tambang Timah di Kabupaten Belitung Timur. Skripsi. Institut Pertanian Bogor.
Suamba, I W., I G. P. Wirawan, dan W. Adiartayasa. 2014. Isolasi dan Identifikasi Fungi Mikoriza Arbuskular (FMA) secara Mikroskopis pada Rhizosfer Tanaman Jeruk (Citrus sp.) di Desa Kerta, Kecamatan Payangan, Kabupaten Gianyar. E- Jurnal Agroekoteknologi Tropika 3 (4): 201- 208.
Sundari, S., T. Nurhidayati, dan I. Trisnawati. 2011. Isolasi dan Identifikasi Mikoriza Indigenous dari Perakaran Tembakau Sawah (Nicotiana tabacum L.) di Area Persawahan Kabupaten Pamekasan Madura. Paper. Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.
Supartha, I. N. Y., G. Wijana, dan G. M. Adnyana. 2012. Aplikasi Jenis Pupuk Organik pada Tanaman Padi Pertanian Organik. E-Jurnal Agroekoteknologi Tropika 1 (2): 98-106.
Wirawan, I W. E. A., I. K. Suada, dan I G. K. Susrama. 2015. Identifikasi Mikoriza Vesikular Arbuskular (MVA) dari Rhizosfer Tanaman Cabai (Capsicum annuum L.) dan Tomat (Solanum lycopersicum L.) serta Perbanyakannya Menggunakan Media Zeolit. E-Jurnal Agroekoteknologi Tropika 4 (4): 304-313.
Published
2019-11-27
How to Cite
WEDAGAMA, NGAKAN MADE ADI et al. Isolasi dan Identifikasi Endomikoriza pada Perakaran Tanaman Jagung (Zea mays L.) Dataran Sedang serta Perbanyakannya pada Tingkat Kadar Air Tanah Berbeda. Agrotrop: Journal on Agriculture Science, [S.l.], v. 9, n. 2, p. 125-134, nov. 2019. ISSN 2654-4008. Available at: <https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/agrotrop/article/view/54923>. Date accessed: 05 apr. 2020.
Section
Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>