A Corpus Based Analysis of Adjectives Adorable, Charming, and Cute in Corpus Contemporary American English (COCA)

  • Ni Putu Desi Ramayanti Universitas Udayana
  • Ni Wayan Sukarini Universitas Udayana
  • Putu Weddha Savitri Universitas Udayana


In order to avoid misunderstanding in the process of communication, knowing well the meaning of a word is important. Especially, when the two or three words share similar meaning and often used interchangeably in the sentences such as the adjectives word; adorable, charming, and cute. Therefore, this study aimed to find and to analyse the collocative meaning of the three adjectives. In this study, the data were collected from Corpus of Contemporary American English (COCA) by applying the documentation method with the note-taking technique. This study used a corpus-based analysis, with the help of the theory of collocative meaning and supported theory of lexical collocation were applied. The result showed that the collocative meaning of the three adjectives share similar meanings which collocated with the word attractive. Moreover, the three adjectives were most likely to co-occur with nouns such as; baby, guy, boys, and etc. The three adjectives were also commonly paired up with adverbs such as; quite, so, always and etc.


Download data is not yet available.


Benson, M., Benson. E., & Ilson. R. (1986). The BBI Combinatory Dictionary of English. A Guide to Word Combinations. John Benjamins Publishing Company. pp. XIX

Davies, M. (2008) [Internet]. Corpus of Contemporary American English. Bringham Young University. Available from: https://www.english-corpora.org/coca/

Fromkin, V.A. (2000). An Introduction to Linguistic Theory. Blackwell Publisher.

Gwynne, N, M. (2014). The Ultimate Introduction to Grammar and the Writing of Good English. New York: Knopf.

Hornby, A. S., & Turnbull, J. (2010). Oxford advanced learner’s dictionary of current English. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Hundt, M., et al. (2007). Corpus Linguistic and the Web. Amsterdam, New York:

Kreidler, C.W. (1998). Introducing English Semantics. Routteledge.

Larson, M. L. (1984). Meaning-based Translation : A Guide to Cross Language Equivalent. Maryland : University Press of America Matters.

Leech, G. (1970). Towards a Semantic Description of English. Indiana University Press. Bloomington & London.

Leech, G. (1974). Semantics : The Study Of Meaning Second Edition. Pinguin Books.

Mcnery, T. & Wilson, A. (2005). Corpus Linguistic. The Oxford Handbook of Computational Lingustic.

Yule, G. (2010) The Study of Learning. New York: Cambridge University.
How to Cite
RAMAYANTI, Ni Putu Desi; SUKARINI, Ni Wayan; WEDDHA SAVITRI, Putu. A Corpus Based Analysis of Adjectives Adorable, Charming, and Cute in Corpus Contemporary American English (COCA). Pustaka : Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Budaya, [S.l.], v. 22, n. 1, p. 55-58, apr. 2022. ISSN 2528-7516. Available at: <https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/pustaka/article/view/79231>. Date accessed: 05 june 2023. doi: https://doi.org/10.24843/PJIIB.2022.v22.i01.p09.

Most read articles by the same author(s)