PREVALENCE AND RISK FACTORS OF OBESITY IN PRIMARY SCHOOL IN URBAN AND RURAL AREAS

  • Made Ratna Dewi
  • I Gusti Lanang Sidiartha

Abstract

Obesity has become a continous increasing global health problem. Obesity can happen in adult population and also on children as well as teenagers. There are several factors that influence the occurrence of obesity. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence and risk factors for obesity in primary school children in urban and rural areas. A cross sectional study was conducted with a total sample of 241 pupils in several elementary schools. Anthropometric status determine using body mass index for age and obesity stated if measurement exceed ?95th percentile based on CDC 2000. Analysis data perform with the Pearson Chi-square, Fisher's Exact Test, and logistic regression. A P value of <0.05 was considered significant. This study showed the prevalence of obesity was 15%. The prevalence of obesity in urban areas was 21% and rural areas was 5%. The result showed risk of obesity multiplied by 3.8 times in urban children as they had a habit of "snacking" had risk of suffering obesity by 3.4 times (95% CI 1.2 to 9.0). Children who had habit of having fast food more than 2 times per week had the more risk of obesity by 5 times (95% CI 1.9 to 13.5). Mothers education in urban areas as a protective factor. Conclusion of this study show that the prevalence of obesity in urban areas is 21% and 5% in rural areas. “Snacking” habit and eating fast food more than 2 times per week increase the risk of obesity in urban areas, while in rural areas no risk factors consider significant for obesity.

Author Biographies

Made Ratna Dewi

Ilmu Kesehatan Anak, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Udayana

Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat Sanglah Denpasar

I Gusti Lanang Sidiartha

Ilmu Kesehatan Anak, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Udayana

Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat Sanglah Denpasar

How to Cite
RATNA DEWI, Made; SIDIARTHA, I Gusti Lanang. PREVALENCE AND RISK FACTORS OF OBESITY IN PRIMARY SCHOOL IN URBAN AND RURAL AREAS. Medicina, [S.l.], v. 44, n. 1, oct. 2013. ISSN 2540-8321. Available at: <https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/medicina/article/view/6832>. Date accessed: 19 jan. 2020.
Section
Articles

Keywords

obesity, children, prevalence