Identifikasi Kandungan Senyawa Fitokimia Pada Daun dan Akar Lamun di Pantai Samuh Bali

  • Ni Luh Gede Widya Bintang Gustavina Program Studi Ilmu Kelautan, Fakultas Kelautan dan Perikanan, Universitas Udayana, Kampus UNUD Bukit Jimbaran, Bali 80361, Indonesia
  • I Gusti Bagus Sila Dharma Program Studi Ilmu Kelautan, Fakultas Kelautan dan Perikanan, Universitas Udayana, Kampus UNUD Bukit Jimbaran, Bali 80361, Indonesia
  • Elok Faiqoh Program Studi Ilmu Kelautan, Fakultas Kelautan dan Perikanan, Universitas Udayana, Kampus UNUD Bukit Jimbaran, Bali 80361, Indonesia

Abstract

Seagrass is the only flowering plant which has a true roots, leaves, and stems, an angiosperm plant that adapted to live entirely in the ocean. Seagrass produces several compounds which produced through secondary metabolism, one of the secondary metabolism is the phytochemicals. Seagrass ecosystem in Tanjung Benoa was discovered along Samuh Beach, where 9 kinds of seagrass species were found around the seagrass ecosystem in Tanjung Benoa. Samuh Beach has a tranquil water conditions and sandy substrate. The activities of marine tourism and hotel waste disposal in Tanjung Benoa waters cause major ecological pressure and physical pressure for the seagrass ecosystem. This study aims to determine the content of phytochemicals in the leaves and roots of seagrass. Screening method was used to determine the content of bioactive alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, steroids, and tannin compounds. Each of these compounds has an important role in the seagrass. The existence of chemical compounds of the flavonoid, alkaloid and steroid groups in the roots and leaves of Cymodocea rotundata seagrass, Enhalus acoroides, Thalassia hemprichi, Halophila ovalis, Halophila minor, Halodule uninervis and Sryngodium isoetifolium in this study indicate that the seven species of seagrass has potential as a natural chemical antifouling, antifungal, and antibacterial.Then the seagrass will be protected from the danger of predators or epiphanies that interfere with the growth of seagrass and the ecosystems on Samuh Beach will remain intact.

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Published
2017-11-07
How to Cite
GUSTAVINA, Ni Luh Gede Widya Bintang; DHARMA, I Gusti Bagus Sila; FAIQOH, Elok. Identifikasi Kandungan Senyawa Fitokimia Pada Daun dan Akar Lamun di Pantai Samuh Bali. Journal of Marine and Aquatic Sciences, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 2, p. 271-277, nov. 2017. ISSN 2549-7103. Available at: <https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/jmas/article/view/35476>. Date accessed: 18 oct. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.24843/jmas.2018.v4.i02.271-277.
Section
Articles

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