Developing A Method of Learning English Speaking Skills Based on the Language Functions Used in the Food and Beverage Service

  • Denok Lestari Bali State Polytechnic
  • I Made Suastra Udayana University
  • I Wayan Pastika Udayana University
  • I Nyoman Sedeng Udayana University

Abstract

This research is aimed to analyse language functions in  English, specifically those which are used in the context of Food and Beverage Service. The findings of the analysis related to the language functions are then applied in a teaching method which is designed to improve the students’ abilities in speaking English. There are two novelties in this research. The first one is  the theory of language functions which is reconstructed in accordance with the Food and Beverage Service context. Those language functions are: permisive (to soften utterances, to avoid repetition, and  to adjust intonation); interactive (to greet, to have small talks, and farewell); informative (to introduce, to show, to state, to explain, to ask, to agree, to reject, and to confirm); persuasive (to offer, to promise, to suggest, and to persuade); directive (to tell, to order, and to request); indicative (to praise, to complain, to thank, and to apologize). The second  novelty which is more practical is the design  of the ASRI method which consists of four basic components, namely: Aims (the purpose in communicating); Sequence (the operational procedure in handling guests in the restaurant); Role play (the simmulation activities in language learning); and Interaction (the interactive communications between participants). The method of ASRI with the application of the language functions in its ABCD procedure, namely Acquire, Brainstorm, Chance and Develop is proven to be effective in improving the students’ abilities in speaking English, specifically in the context of  Food and Beverage Service.

Author Biographies

Denok Lestari, Bali State Polytechnic

Bali State Polytechnic

I Made Suastra, Udayana University
Linguistcs Program Udayana University
I Wayan Pastika, Udayana University
Lunguistics Program Udayana University
I Nyoman Sedeng, Udayana University
Linguistics Program Udayana University
How to Cite
LESTARI, Denok et al. Developing A Method of Learning English Speaking Skills Based on the Language Functions Used in the Food and Beverage Service. e-Journal of Linguistics, [S.l.], v. 11, n. 1, p. 70-79, jan. 2017. ISSN 2442-7586. Available at: <https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/eol/article/view/26468>. Date accessed: 21 apr. 2019. doi: https://doi.org/10.24843/eJL.2017.v11.i01.p05.
Section
Articles

Keywords

language functions, teaching method, speaking skills, Food and Beverage Service