Distribusi dan Kemampuan Adaptasi Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Terhadap Tanaman Inang pada Beberapa Ketinggian Tempat di Bali

  • PUTU SUSY LISTYAWATI Program Studi Agroekoteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana, Jln. PB. Sudirman Denpasar Bali 80232, Indonesia
  • I NYOMAN WIJAYA Program Studi Agroekoteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana, Jln. PB. Sudirman Denpasar Bali 80232, Indonesia
  • DWI WIDANINGSIH Program Studi Agroekoteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana, Jln. PB. Sudirman Denpasar Bali 80232, Indonesia
  • I WAYAN SUPARTHA Laboratorium Pengelolaan Terpadu Hama dan Penyakit Tanaman (IPMLaB) Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana, Jln. PB. Sudirman Denpasar Bali 80232, Indonesia

Abstract

Distribution and Adaptability of Fall Army Worm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Against Host Plants at Several Altitudes in Bali. The armyworm pest (Spodoptera frugiperda J.E. Smith) was first discovered attacking maize plants in Sumatra in 2019.These pests move very quickly from a wide range of altitude and host plant, while in Bali only discovered this pest attack maize plants at an altitude <500 meters above sea level (masl). The purpose of this study was to determine the distribution map of S. frugiperda, to determine the population and host plants in the field and to determine the attack of S. frugiperda at several altitudes in Bali. This study used purposive survey method. Plant sampling was carried out in all regencies of Bali Province by means of diagonal sampling. The size of unit sample was2 x 2 m and the number of plants observed was 20 plants. The results showed that the pest S. frugiperda had spread in the highland up to (> 1000 masl) which attacked maize and sorghum in Bali. The distribution area of the pest are Tabanan, Badung, Gianyar, Klungkung, Karangasem, Bangli, Buleleng, Jembrana and Denpasar. The population of S. frugiperda was found until the highland (> 1000 masl) with a population of host plants is still low and spread at 5 altitude with type host plants found, sweet corn, glutinous corn, corn pipil, local corn and sorghum. he percentage of S. frugiperda attacks at 5 altitudes in Bali is 11.71% to 35.13%.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Barfield, C. S., and T. R. Ashley. (1987). Effects of corn phenology and temperatureon the life cycle of fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Fla. Entomol. 70: 110–116. https://www.doi.org/10.2307/3495097
Barros, E., Torres, J. B., Ruberson, J. R., Oliveira, M. D. (2010). Development of Spodoptera frugiperda on different hosts and damage to reproductive structures in cotton. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 137: 237-245. https://www.doi.org/10.1111/j.1570-7458.2010.01058.x.
BBPOPT. (2019). Pengenalan Hama Invasif Spodoptera frugiperda.81 hal.
CABI (Food and Agriculture Organization). (2019). Community-Based Fall Armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda) Monitoring, Early Warning and Management. Training of Trainers Manual, First Edition. 112 pp.
Clark, L.R., P.W, Geier., R.D, Hughes., R.F, Norris. (1976). The Ecology of Insect Population in Theory and Practice. Chapman & Hall, london. p. 213-292.
Deshmukh, Sharanabasappa S., B. M. Prasanna, C. M. Kalleshwaraswamy, Jagdish Jaba, and Bhagirath Choudhary. (2021). Fall Army Worm Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith). Indian Journal of Entomology 82(3):349-372. https://www.doi. 10.1007/978-981-15-8075-8_8
Dhar T., Bhattacharya S., Chatterjee H, Senapati S. K., Bhattacharya P. M,. Poddar P., Ashika T. R., Venkatesan T. (2019). Occurrence of fall armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on maize in West Bengal, India and its field life table studies Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. J Entomol Zool Stud 7: 869-875.
Faulkner K T, Hurley B P, Robertson M P, Rouget M and Wilson J R U. (2017). The balance of trade in alien species between South Africa and the rest of Africa Bothalia 47
Food and Agriculture Organization, CABI. (2019). Community-Based Fall Armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda) Monitoring, Early Warning and Management. Training of Trainers Manual, First Edition. 112 pp.
Ganiger, P. C., Yeshwanth, H. M., Muralimohan, K., Vinay, N., Kumar, A. R. V., Chandrashekara, K. (2018). Occurrence of the new invasive pest, fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), in the maize fields of Karnataka, India. Current Science, 115(4), 621-623. https://doi.org/10.18520/cs/v115/i4/621-623
Jingyu, F., Pengxiang, W., Tianqi, T., Qilin, R., Muhammad, H., Runzhi, Z. (2020). Potential Distribution and Niche Differentiation of Spodoptera frugiperda in Africa. Jurnal Insect.https://www.doi.org/10.3390/insects11060383
Kementrian Pertanian. (2019). Pengenalan Fall Armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda J. E. Smith) Hama Baru pada Tanaman Jagung di Indonesia. Kementrian Pertanian Republik Indonesia. Ebook. 50 hal.
Kumela, T., J, Simiyu., B, Sisay., P, Likhayo., E, Mendesil., L, Gohole., T, Tefera. (2018). Farmers' knowledge, perceptions, and management practices of the new invasive pest, fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda) in Ethiopia and Kenya. Intl J Pest Manag 64: 1-9.https://www.doi.org/10.1080/09670874.2017.1423129
Maharani, Y., Dewi, V.K., Puspasari, L.T., Rizkie, L., Hidayat, Y., Dono, D. (2019). Cases of fall army worm Spodoptera frugiperda J. E. Smith (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) attack on maize in Bandung, Garut and Sumedang District, West Java. Crop. - J. Plant Prot. 2 38. https://www.doi.org/10.24198/cropsaver.v2i1.23013
Maramis, R. (2005). Kontribusi dari Berbagai Spesies Parasitoid Generalis yang Berasal dari Serangga Inang Erionota thrax (L.) (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae) pada Habitatnya. Departemen Biologi ITB. Bandung.
Plessis, H., M.L, Schlemmer., & J, Van den Berg. (2020). The effect temperature on the development of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Insects 11(4): 228. https://www.10.3390/insects11040228.
Prasanna, B. M., Bruce, A., Winter, S., Otim, M., Asea, G., Sevgan, S., & Ba, M. (2018). Host plant resistance to fall armyworm. Fall armyworm in Africa: a guide for integrated pest management, 1st edn. CIMMYT, Mexico, CDMX, pp 45–62.
Price, P.W., (1997). Insect Ecology. Third Edition. Jhon Wiley & Sons Inc. New York. Chichester, Weinkeim, Brisbane, Singapore, Toronto.
Putra, IG.F.M. (2020). Karakteristik Serangan dan Pola Persebaran Hama Invasif Spodoptera frugiperda J. E SMITH (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Pada Pertanaman Jagung Di Bali. Tesis. Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana, Bali.64:43-50.
Putrasamedja, S., W, Setiawati., L, Lukman., A, Hasym. (2012). Penampilan beberapa Klon Bawang Merah dan Hubungannya dengan Intesitas Serangan Organisme Pengganggu Tumbuhan. J. Hort. 22:349. https://www.doi.10.21082/jhort.v22n4.2012.p349-359 [Indonesian]
Shi. P., L, Zhong., H.S, Sandhu., F, Ge., X, Xu., W, Chen. (2011). Population decrease of Scirpophaga incertulas (Walker) (Lepidoptera Pyralidae) under climate warming. Ecologi and Evolution. Ecol Evol 2: 58-64. https://www.doi.10.1002/ece3.69
Speight, M.R., Hunter, M,D., Watt, A,D., (2008). Ecology of Insect: Concepts and Application. West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell.
Supartha, I W., I W, Susila. A.A.A.A. S, Sunari., I G, Febri Mahaputra., IK. W, Yudha., P. A, Wiradana. (2021a). Damage characteristics and distribution patterns of invasive pest, Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on maize crop in Bali, Indonesia. Biodiversitas, 22 (6): 3378-3387. https://www.doi.10.13057/biodiv/d220645
Supartha,I W., A.A.A.A.S,Sunari. IG.P.B,Krisna., IK.W, Yudha., IG.F, Mahaputra., P.A, Wiradana. (2021b). Invasion, Population Development, and Attack Intensity of The Fall Armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda) J.E Smith (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) On Two Varieties Corn In Serongga Village, Gianyar Regency, Bali –Indonesia. Technol Rep Kansai Univ 10: 645-654.
Syarkawi, S., H, Husni., M, Sayuthi. (2015). Pengaruh tinggi tempat terhadap tingkat serangan hama penggerek buah kakao (Conopomorpha cramerella Snellan) di Kabupaten Pidie. Jurnal Floratek, 10(2), 52-60.
Trisyono, Y. A., Suputra, V. E. B, Aryuwandari., M, Hartaman., Jumari. (2019). Occurrence of infestation by the fall armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda, a new alien invasive pest, in corn in lampung Indonesia. Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia 23 (1): 156-160. https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.46455
Westbrook J K, Nagoshi R N, Meagher R L, Fleischer S J and Jairam S. (2016) Modeling seasonal migration of fall armyworm moths Int. J. Biometeorol. 60 255–67. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00484-015-1022-x
Published
2022-05-31
How to Cite
LISTYAWATI, PUTU SUSY et al. Distribusi dan Kemampuan Adaptasi Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Terhadap Tanaman Inang pada Beberapa Ketinggian Tempat di Bali. Agrotrop : Journal on Agriculture Science, [S.l.], v. 12, n. 1, p. 110-126, may 2022. ISSN 2654-4008. Available at: <https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/agrotrop/article/view/87084>. Date accessed: 14 june 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.24843/AJoAS.2022.v12.i01.p10.
Section
Articles