Status Penyakit Layu pada Tanaman Cabai Rawit (Capsicum Frutescens L.) di Banjarangkan, Klungkung

  • I MADE SUDARMA Staf Dosen Laboratorium Ilmu Penyakit Tumbuhan
  • NI MADE PUSPAWATI Staf Dosen Laboratorium Ilmu Penyakit Tumbuhan
  • NI WAYAN SUNITI Staf Dosen Laboratorium Ilmu Penyakit Tumbuhan
  • I GUSTI NGURAH BAGUS Staf Dosen Laboratorium Ilmu Hama Tumbuhan Jurusan/Program Studi Agroekoteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Udayana

Abstract

Status of wilt disease in pepper (Capsicum frutescens L.) at Banjarangkan, Klungkung. Wilt disease in pepper , has led to a total yield loss in Banjarangkan, Klungkung regency. Until now the disease was still a threat to farmers in the area pepper. The purpose of research to study the disease includes symptoms, causes disease, the percentage of the disease and the rate of infection (r). Research using existing observations of the disease in three plots of local farmers. Each plot the observed number of diseased plants and entire plants. Samples of diseased plants put in a plastic bag, then placed in an ice box , to be observed macroscopically in the laboratory. The study was conducted in two places, namely surveys Banjarangkan disease in Klungkung , and isolation of the pathogen as well as pathogenicity test carried out in the Laboratory of Plant Pathology, Faculty of Agriculture, Udayana University, Jl. PB Sudirman Denpasar-Bali. The research was conducted from June to November 2013. The results showed that the pathogen that causes wilt disease in pepper at Banjarangkan, Klungkung regency was the fungus Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. capsici, with the disease incidence was 76.67%. Fusarium wilt disease epidemic in pepper indicated by the rate of infection, first gained 0.44 per unit per day, then decreases with time, 0.23, 0.12 and 0.11 per unit per day respectively. The rate of infection ranged from 0.11 to 0.44 per unit per day, this means that the moderate criteria.

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How to Cite
SUDARMA, I MADE et al. Status Penyakit Layu pada Tanaman Cabai Rawit (Capsicum Frutescens L.) di Banjarangkan, Klungkung. Agrotrop: Journal on Agriculture Science, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 2, p. 173-181, sep. 2015. ISSN 2654-4008. Available at: <https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/agrotrop/article/view/15337>. Date accessed: 07 apr. 2020.
Section
Articles

Keywords

Wilt disease; Fusarium oxysporum F.Sp. Capsici; Disease incidence; Infection rate