Politeness Maxims in Dialogue Toy Story 4 Movie

  • Bagus Teresna Binaning Artha Universitas Udayana
  • I Nyoman Udayana Universitas Udayana
  • I Nyoman Sedeng Universitas Udayana


This study is entitled Politeness Maxims in Dialogue Toy Story 4 Movie. This study aimed to observe the types of politeness maxims and the functions of politeness maxims applied in the movie. The Toy Story 4 Movie uses a data source in this study because there had been conversations related to politeness expressions with all characters. This study uses the documentation method and note-taking technique in collecting the data. The data of this study were analyzed using the descriptive qualitative method and using the theory of pragmatics by Leech (1983). However, this study only focuses on four maxims as Generosity maxim, Approbation maxim, Agreement maxim, and Sympathy maxim to facilitate research. Based on the analysis, the results show that all four maxims can be found in this study. The most dominant maxim which was used in this study is Generosity maxim and Agreement maxim while the most functions applied in each politeness maxims is Irony.


Download data is not yet available.


Bayu. 2019. “The Use of Politeness Maxims in the Movie Finding Dory”. Udayana University, Faculty of Arts.

Budiartha. Ngurah Adi. 2018. “Politeness in Adit Sopo Jarwo Animation”. Warmadewa University.

Chapman. 2011. Pragmatics. University of Newcastle. England, UK.

Geoffrey Leech. 1983. Principles in Pragmatics. London. Oxford University Press.

Geoffrey Leech. 2014. The Pragmatics of Politeness. New York: Oxford University Press.

Grundy. P. 2000. Doing Pragmatics. New York: Oxford University Press.

Hilman. Herman. Widya. 2019. “An Analysis of Politeness Principle Maxims Found in Big Hero 6 Movie”. HKPB Nommensen of University.

Istvan Kenesei. Robert. 2001. Perspectives on Semantics, Pragmatics, and Discourse. John Benjamins Publishing Company. Amsterdam/Philadelphia.

Microsoft Encarta. 2008. Dies after Long Battle with Wikipedia. The New York Times.

Maulana. Erni. 2018. “Maxims of Politeness on Alice in Wonderland Movie”. Gunadarma University, Faculty of Letters and Culture.

Mahmood. Huda. 2020. “The Application of Leech’s Politeness Maxims in Shakespeare’s The Merchant of Venice. Indonesian Journal of English Language Studies”.

Stephen F. 2004. Dialogue as a Means of Collective Communication. New York. Kluwer Academic Publisher.

Turner, V. 1969. The Ritual Process. Structure and Anti-Structure. Brunswick and London: Aldine Transaction.

Ni Wayan Pramiwidari. 2018. “Politeness Maxims in the Motive the Forest”. Udayana University, Faculty of Arts.

Wang Jia. Wei FeiFei. 2016. “The Application of Politeness Principle in the Analysis of Drama: Take Teahouse as an Example. Shandong Normal University”.

Wardaugh, 1986. Introduction to Sociolinguistics. Blackwell Publishing.

Volosinov. 1986. Marxism and the Philosophy of Language. Seminar Press.

Yule, G. 1996. Pragmatics. New York: Oxford University Press.
How to Cite
ARTHA, Bagus Teresna Binaning; UDAYANA, I Nyoman; SEDENG, I Nyoman. Politeness Maxims in Dialogue Toy Story 4 Movie. Stilistika : Journal of Indonesian Language and Literature, [S.l.], v. 2, n. 1, p. 89-99, oct. 2022. ISSN 2808-8336. Available at: <https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/stilistika/article/view/85876>. Date accessed: 26 nov. 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.24843/STIL.2022.v02.i01.p08.