The Syntactic Strategies and Equivalence of English Non Finite Verbs Which Translated into Indonesian with Reference to National Geographic Magazine

  • Ni Wayan Esti Ekarini Rahayu Denpasar, Indonesia
  • I Nyoman Sedeng Denpasar, Indonesia
  • Ni Luh Ketut Mas Indrawati Denpasar, Indonesia

Abstract

In dealing with problems while translating, translators need to apply translation strategies. It involves finding equivalents which  are similar in meaning. The aims of this study are investigating and analyzing the syntactic strategies and equivalents of English non finite verbs which are translated into Indonesian.


This study employed descriptive qualitative method. The data are 130 complex sentences taken from two feature articles in National Geographic Magazines pulished in English and Indonesian on December 2018. The result of study shows that the syntactic strategies found are loan calque, transposition, phrase structure change, clause structure change, unit shift. and sentence structure change. In addition, formal equivalences are mostly found in translation, in comparison with the dynamic equivalences.  It can be concluded that the syntactic strategy is applied  by the translators to get natural translated text in TL by selecting linguistic equivalences without changing the meaning. The formal equivalence is  used when translators maintain the message by focusing on form and content. While dynamic equivalence is applied when the translator does  not maintain the form and content but focus more on  sense of translation by using natural equivalence which is closest in meaning and shows similar concept in TL.

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Author Biography

Ni Wayan Esti Ekarini Rahayu, Denpasar, Indonesia

Universitas Udayana

Published
2020-03-31
How to Cite
ESTI EKARINI RAHAYU, Ni Wayan; SEDENG, I Nyoman; MAS INDRAWATI, Ni Luh Ketut. The Syntactic Strategies and Equivalence of English Non Finite Verbs Which Translated into Indonesian with Reference to National Geographic Magazine. Linguistika: Buletin Ilmiah Program Magister Linguistik Universitas Udayana, [S.l.], v. 27, n. 1, p. 39--47, mar. 2020. ISSN 2656-6419. Available at: <https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/linguistika/article/view/58758>. Date accessed: 10 aug. 2020.
Section
Articles