Crime Victims Protection in Indonesia: An Analysis of the Recent Victim Protection Acts

  • Mahfud Mahfud Fakultas Hukum Universitas Syiah Kuala


The Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power (1985) ensures the protection of victims of crime. Basically, the implementation of this international declaration depends on the domestic law of each state.  Indonesia has promulgated Act No. 13 of 2006 concerning Witness and Victim Protection (Witness and Victim Protection Act) and its Amendment (Act No. 31 of 2014) to give protection of the victim, although not fully adopted the principles contained in the declaration. This article aims to analyze the protection of the victims under the recent Indonesian victim protection Acts and to examine to what extent the Acts in line with the declaration. It is a normative legal research that collects sources from libraries, databases, and archives. This research suggested that Witness and Victim Protection Act has provided the protection to the victim that is limited to victims of a grave violation of human rights, terrorism, trafficking, torture, sexual crime, and serious assaults in the form of compensation (only for a grave violation of human rights and terrorism), restitution and certain assistances under the auspices of the Witness and Victim Protection Agency (LPSK). However, this Act is not yet fully in line with the Declaration, particularly with regard to the right of victims to be present in the criminal justice process to express their views when it comes to their personal interests.


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Author Biography

Mahfud Mahfud, Fakultas Hukum Universitas Syiah Kuala

Mahfud Jufri joined Faculty of Law, University of Syiah Kuala Banda Aceh Indonesia in January 2005 and he is an assistant professor at the Criminal Law Department of the faculty. He obtained his LL.B from the University of Syiah Kuala in 2004 and received his LL.M. from Cardiff University, Wales, the United Kingdom in 2010. His research interests include Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure Law, International Criminal Law and Juvenile Justice System in Indonesia. He was in charge of the Criminal Law Department and the Secretary of International Class Program at the Faculty of Law, University of Syiah Kuala. He has been teaching Indonesian Criminal Law, International Criminal Law, Indonesian Criminal Procedure Law, Juvenile Justice System in Indonesia, specific crimes in the Indonesian Criminal Code and Criminology at the undergraduate level and the International Class Program (the Program that was developed by NUFFIC Project from the fund of the Dutch Government) of Faculty of Law, University of Syiah Kuala for more than 13 years. In addition, he has been involved in providing free legal consultations in cooperation with the Ministry of Law and Human Rights Banda Aceh, Indonesia as a part of community services.


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How to Cite
MAHFUD, Mahfud. Crime Victims Protection in Indonesia: An Analysis of the Recent Victim Protection Acts. Kertha Patrika, [S.l.], v. 42, n. 2, p. 115-131, aug. 2020. ISSN 2579-9487. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 26 mar. 2023. doi: