Reconstruction of Tolaki and Moronene Language Vocal Protophonemes

  • Wawan Marhanjono Mustamar Halu Oleo University
  • Aron Meko Mbete Udayana University
  • Ni Made Dhanawaty Udayana University
  • I Gede Budasi Undiksha University


The Tolaki language and the Moronene languages are part of the Austronesian language group. The reconstruction is done based on the hypothesis of a genetic relationship and regularity. Historical comparison methods were used in this study. The purpose of the reconstruction was to obtain accurate results on the assessment of language relations. It is deemed necessary to reconstruct the proto in order to seek the evidence of the retention and innovation that occur in the two respective languages. From the reconstruction, several findings and proofs were generated, which among others are TlM vocal proto-phonemes: * a, * i, * u, * e, and * o; PTlMr * a are found at the beginning, middle and the end of the word. The proto-phonemes are 1) * a (a-, -a-, -a)> Tl, Mr a, 2) PTlMr * i (i- -i- -i)> Tl, Mr i, 3) PTlMr * u (u -, -u-, -u)> Tl, Mr u, 4) PTlMr * e (e-, -e-, e-)> Tl, Mr e, and 5) PTlMr * o (o-, -o-, o-)> Tl Mr o.


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How to Cite
MUSTAMAR, Wawan Marhanjono et al. Reconstruction of Tolaki and Moronene Language Vocal Protophonemes. e-Journal of Linguistics, [S.l.], v. 13, n. 1, p. 93-103, jan. 2019. ISSN 2442-7586. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 02 dec. 2023. doi: