EKSPLORASI SPATIAL DAN IDENTIFIKASI CENDAWAN ENDOFIT PADA TANAMAN KAKAO (Theobroma cacao L.) DI BALI

  • Lilis Riana Tambunan PS. Biologi FMIPA, Universitas Udayana, Bukit Jimbaran Bali
  • Meitini Proborini PS. Biologi FMIPA, Universitas Udayana, Bukit Jimbaran Bali
  • Putu Adriani Astiti PS. Biologi FMIPA, Universitas Udayana, Bukit Jimbaran Bali

Abstract

Cocoa plant (Theobroma cacao L.) can grow well in the highlands and lowlands, a plantation and industrial plant
which is known as one of the export commodities, as raw material for the food and pharmaceutical industries which can
contribute to an increase in foreign exchange endophytic fungus is a fungus living on a live network of plants such as
seeds, leaves, flowers, twigs, stems and roots. Truffles are generally mutualistic endophyte and is known to stimulate the
growth of plants, capable of producing antibiotics and plant growth regulators (hormones). This study aims to determine
the diversity and identify endophytic fungi on Kakao.yang found in two different locations in Bali, in the village of Kaja
Buahan District of Payangan, Gianyar and the Village of Tua, Marga, Tabanan regency subdistricts. Research carried out
in the field with the exploration methods, isolation, identification and diversity analysis conducted at the Laboratory of
Plant Taxonomy (Mycology), Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics, University of Udayana. Laboratory
research conducted by isolating the roots, leaves, plant stems and content of the soil (rhizosphere) cocoa. Once isolated,
grown on PDA medium subsequently incubated at room temperature 250C. Isolates that grow back isolated and purified
on a PDA medium for further identified to the genera or species level. A total of six isolates of endophytic fungi identified
in the rhizosphere and cocoa plant that is where four of these isolates were identified to species, two isolates were not
identified until genus. Fungi were identified namely Aspergillus flavus, Rhizopus stolonifer, Cladosporium
sphaeropermum, Trichoderma viride, isolates 1 and 2 isolates.
Keywords: cocoa, endophytic fungi, highlands and lowlands

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Published
2018-03-29
How to Cite
TAMBUNAN, Lilis Riana; PROBORINI, Meitini; ASTITI, Putu Adriani. EKSPLORASI SPATIAL DAN IDENTIFIKASI CENDAWAN ENDOFIT PADA TANAMAN KAKAO (Theobroma cacao L.) DI BALI. SIMBIOSIS, [S.l.], p. 1- 6, mar. 2018. ISSN 2656-7784. Available at: <https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/simbiosis/article/view/38442>. Date accessed: 15 july 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.24843/JSIMBIOSIS.2018.v06.i01.p01.
Section
Articles