ANALISIS MULTIPLIER EFFECT DAN PEMBANGUNAN BERKELANJUTAN PUSAT INFORMASI WISATA

(Kasus Pusat Informasi Geopark Nasional Kaldera Toba Simalungun, Sumatera Utara)

  • Agustinus Denny Jurusan Hospitaliti, Politeknik Pariwisata Medan
  • Liyushiana . Jurusan Kepariwisataan, Politeknik Pariwisata Medan
  • Dewi Yanti Jurusan Kepariwisataan, Politeknik Pariwisata Medan

Abstract

The existence of the Toba Caldera National Geopark Information Center is an indicator of the seriousness of the government in tapping the potential of Lake Toba with the World-recognized National Geopark approach. Therefore, it is very interesting to explore the impact of the Toba Caldera National Geopark Information Center, especially for the surrounding community. On the one hand, the existence of the Toba Caldera National Geopark Information Center as one of the tourist information centers is a question of whether it is really needed, considering that tourists can now access digital information. Therefore this study seeks to see how the Toba Caldera National Geopark Information Center applies the principle of sustainable development to maintain its existence. This research method is a combination of the quantitative Keynesian Income Multiplier method and interview techniques with the sustainable tourism development approach of the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) by combining practical principles. The results obtained show that economically, the Toba Caldera National Geopark Information Center has an encouraging impact on the number 1: 1.26, meaning that for each additional tourist expenditure of IDR 10,000, local income will increase by IDR 12,600. On the other hand, the Toba Caldera National Geopark Information Center has attempted to apply the principles of sustainable tourism development in view of the dimensions of business quality, social sustainability and environmental balance recommended by UNWTO, but improvements are needed for aspects of tourism facilities and activities.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Afriwanda and Zulkifli (2017) ‘Analisis Angka Pengganda pada Pariwisata Kota Banda Aceh dan Kabupaten Aceh Besar terhadap Pendapatan Masyarakat: Studi Kasus Pantau Ulee Lheue dan Lampuuk’, 2(1), pp. 19–30.
Caldenwood, L. U. and Soshkin, M. (2019) The Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Report 2019. Available at: http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_TTCR_2019.pdf.
Fahrina, A. (2011) Penataan Kawasan Obyek Wisata Pantai Baloya Kecamatan Bontosikuyu, Kabupaten Kepulauan Selayar. Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar.
Kementerian Pariwisata dan Ekonomi Kreatif/Badan Pariwisata dan Ekonomi Kreatif (2020) Rencana Strategis 2020-2024 Kementerian Pariwisata dan Ekonomi Kreatif/Badan Pariwisata dan Ekonomi Kreatif. Available at: https://www.kemenparekraf.go.id/post/rencana-strategis-2020-2024-kemenparekrafbaparekraf.
Kristiana, Y. (2017) ‘Peningkatan kapasitas masyarakat dan usaha pariwisata dalam pembangunan pariwisata berkelanjutan di kabupaten sumba tengah’, in Konferensi Nasional PKM-CSR. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/36455561/Peningkatan_Kapasitas_Masyarakat_dan_Usaha_Pariwisata_Dalam_Pembangunan_Pariwisata_Berkelanjutan_di_Kabupaten_Sumba_Tengah.
Liyushiana et al. (2020) Pengantar Pariwisata dan Perhotelan. Edited by Ngatemin. Medan: Madenatera. Available at: http://books.google.com/books?id=Kzxaq1D5-RcC&pgis=1.
Puspitasari, W. (2018) Pengamat : Pusat informasi pariwisata harus mudah dijangkau, ANTARA News. Available at: https://www.antaranews.com/berita/733724/pengamat-pusat-informasi-pariwisata-harus-mudah-dijangkau (Accessed: 29 January 2021).
Putra, A. P., Wijayanti, T. and Prasetyo, J. S. (2017) ‘Analisis Dampak Berganda (Multiplier Effect) Objek Wisata Pantai Watu Dodol Banyuwangi’, Journal of Tourism and Creativity, 2(1), p. 141. Available at: https://jurnal.unej.ac.id/index.php/tourismjournal/article/view/13833.
Rizkiyah, P., Liyushiana and Herman (2019) ‘Sinergitas Pentahelix dalam Pemulihan Pariwisata Pasca Bencana Erupsi Gunungapi Sinabung di Kabupaten KAro, Sumatera Utara’, Jurnal IPTA, 7(2), pp. 247–256.
Sarjanti, E., Rahmawati, N. K. and Sriwanto, S. (2019) ‘Kajian Persepsi Dan Dampak Berganda ( Multiplier Effect ) Masyarakat Untuk Pengembangan Pariwisata Lembah’, pp. 244–253.
Wolok, E. (2016) ‘Analisis Dampak Ekonomi Wisata Hiu Paus Terhadap Pendapatan Masyarakat Batubarani Gorontalo’, Jurnal Ekonomi Bisnis dan Kewirausahaan, 5(2), p. 136. doi: 10.26418/jebik.v5i2.17146.
Published
2021-12-30
How to Cite
DENNY, Agustinus; ., Liyushiana; YANTI, Dewi. ANALISIS MULTIPLIER EFFECT DAN PEMBANGUNAN BERKELANJUTAN PUSAT INFORMASI WISATA. Jurnal IPTA (Industri Perjalanan Wisata), [S.l.], v. 9, n. 2, p. 321-328, dec. 2021. ISSN 2548-7930. Available at: <https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/pariwisata/article/view/70148>. Date accessed: 02 july 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.24843/IPTA.2021.v09.i02.p10.