INDUKSI PEMBUNGAAN TANAMAN VANILI SECARA MEKANIS DENGAN PEMANGKASAN KIMIA MENGGUNAKAN PACLOBUTRAZOL DAN APLIKASI TRICHODERMA

  • S. Suryanti Program Studi Agroteknologi, Institut Pertanian Stiper Yogyakarta
  • R. Widyasaputra Institut Pertanian Stiper Yogyakarta
  • H.G. Mawandha Program Studi Agroteknologi, Institut Pertanian Stiper Yogyakarta
  • A. Himawan Program Studi Agroteknologi, Institut Pertanian Stiper Yogyakarta

Abstract

Vanilla (Vanilla planifolia Andrews) is a plantation commodity with high economic value and has long been developed by the Ayem farmer group  in Sinogo Village  through the Mbajing Learning House (Rube).  In their cultivation, vanilla farmers in Sinogo Village have problems in making plants stressed (stressing periods) so that plants can not bloom.  Therefore,  community service activities are carried out regarding the induction of vanilla flowering.  With this PKM  activity, it is hoped that farmers can understand and apply  the correct vanilla cultivation techniques and apply several flowering induction  techniques.   This is done because from hasil survey conducted shows that 100% of vanilla farmers of Sinogo Village in vanilla cultivation still use local varieties. Sinogo farmers were not yet familiar with the high-yielding varieties of vanilla produced by the Ministry of Agriculture. The planting medium used soil, cocopit and manure. The flowering induction technique  that  has been carried out  was only  mechanically by trimming the tendrils so that when the rainfall  is high, the flower stressing  does not work. There were PKM activities carried out counseling on superior varieties of vanilla, correct vanilla cultivation  techniques and several flowering induction techniques,  namely mechanically by  means of prunning, chemically  using paclobutrazol and biologically using  the fungus Trichoderma.


Keywords : Induction, Flowering, Vanilla, Cutting, Paclobutrazol, Trichoderma

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

S. Suryanti, Program Studi Agroteknologi, Institut Pertanian Stiper Yogyakarta

Program Studi Agroteknologi, Institut Pertanian Stiper Yogyakarta

H.G. Mawandha, Program Studi Agroteknologi, Institut Pertanian Stiper Yogyakarta

Program Studi Agroteknologi, Institut Pertanian Stiper Yogyakarta

A. Himawan, Program Studi Agroteknologi, Institut Pertanian Stiper Yogyakarta

Program Studi Agroteknologi, Institut Pertanian Stiper Yogyakarta

References

Fouché, J. G. and Jouve, L. (1999) ‘Vanilla planifolia : history , botany and culture in Reunion island To cite this version : Vanilla planifolia : history , botany and culture in Reunion island’, EDP Sciences, 19(8), pp. 689–703.

Martha, H.L.A., Nurlaelih, E.E. dan T. Wardiyati. (2011) ’Aplikasi Zat pengatur Tumbuh dalam Induksi Pembungaan Anggrek Bulan (Phalaenopsis sp)’, Buana Sains, 11 (2), pp. 119 – 126.

Kakabouki, I. et al. (2021) ‘Effect of colonization of trichoderma harzianum on growth development and cbd content of hemp (Cannabis sativa l.)’, Microorganisms, 9(3), pp. 1–14. doi: 10.3390/microorganisms9030518.

Parmila, I.p., Prabawa, P.S. dan M. Suarsana. (2022) ‘Pengaruh Panjang Defoliasi Sulur terhadap Pertumbuhan Generatif Tanaman Vanili (Vanilla planifolia Andrews)’, Jurnal Pertanian Agros, 24(1), pp.140-148.

Prayoba, U.E dan Sudantha, I. M. (2018) ‘Aplikasi Biochar, Bioaktivator dan Biokompos terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Peningkatan Produski Tanaman Kedelai (Glycyne max (L) Merr) di Lahan kering’, Topik Kusus Program Magister Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Lahan Kering Program Pascasarjana Unram Periode 10 Januari 2017, (L), pp. 1–22.

Rahman, K. U. et al. (2019) ‘Pilot scale cultivation and production of Vanilla planifolia in the united arab emirates’, Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 25(6), pp. 1143–1150.

Rosman, R. (2015) ‘Status dan Strategi Pengembangan Panili di Indonesia’, Perspektif, 4(2), pp. 43–54.

Rosman, R. (2020). ‘Peran Teknologi Pembungaan dalam Menentukan Produksi Tanaman Vanili (Vanilla planifolia Andrews)’, Warta Balittro, 37(74), pp.1-3.

Sudantha, I. M. (2009) ‘S e m i n a r n a s i o n a l d a n p a m e r a n h a s i l - h a s i l p e n e l i t i a n Fakultas Pertanian Unram’, (September), pp. 29–30.

Taufik, E. (2012) ’Potensi Trichoderma spp. dalam Menekan Perkembangan Penyakit Busuk Pucuk Vanili di Pembibitan’, Buletin RISTRI, 3(1), pp. 49-56.
Published
2023-04-03
How to Cite
SURYANTI, S. et al. INDUKSI PEMBUNGAAN TANAMAN VANILI SECARA MEKANIS DENGAN PEMANGKASAN KIMIA MENGGUNAKAN PACLOBUTRAZOL DAN APLIKASI TRICHODERMA. Buletin Udayana Mengabdi, [S.l.], v. 23, n. 1, p. 7-12, apr. 2023. ISSN 2654-9964. Available at: <https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/jum/article/view/95433>. Date accessed: 16 apr. 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.24843/BUM.2024.v23.i01.p02.