ASOSIASI CARA PEMBERIAN OBAT DENGAN ONSET DAN DERAJAT KLINIS REAKSI HIPERSENSITIFITAS AKUT/ANAFILAKSIS PADA PENDERITA YANG DIRAWAT DI RSUP SANGLAH DENPASAR BALI

  • I GN Eka Imbawan
  • Ketut Suryana
  • Ketut Suardamana

Abstract

Acute hypersensitivity reaction/anaphylaxis is a post exposure acute reaction involving dermatologic system/mucosal
and subcutaneous tissue; while anaphylaxis is an acute systemic reaction involving two or more organ systems (the skin/mucosa
and subcutaneous tissue, respiratory system, cardiovascular system, gastrointestinal system). Drugs as allergens can trigger these
reactions orally, parenteral, or topically (contact). Different modes of drug administration are known to relate with onset and
degree of the resulting clinical features. We conduct a cross sectional study to determine the association between modes of drugs
administration with onset and clinical degree in patients hospitalized at Sanglah General Hospital Denpasar.
This study involved 205 patients with acute hypersensitivity reactions/anaphylaxis (105 male and 100 female). Mean age
was 33.12 (12 ! 80) years, 131 persons (63.9%) were triggered by drugs, while 57 patients (27.8%) were triggered by food, 13
patients (6.3%) by insect sting, and 3 patients (1.5% ) by other allergens. Of 131 patients with drugs as the trigger, 108 patients
(82.4%) were given orally, 22 patients (16.8%) were given parenterally and 1 patient (0.8%) was triggered via contact. The
mean onset of an acute hypersensitivity reaction/anaphylaxis triggered by oral and parenteral drugs were 4.2 hours and 0.6 hours
respectively (p < 0.01). We conclude that modes of drug administration are associated with the onset of symptoms, but not with
the degree of clinical manifestation of acute hypersensitivity reaction/anaphylaxi

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Author Biographies

I GN Eka Imbawan
Divisi Alergi Imunologi, Bagian/SMF Ilmu Penyakit Dalam FK Unud/RSUP Sanglah
Ketut Suryana
Divisi Alergi Imunologi, Bagian/SMF Ilmu Penyakit Dalam FK Unud/RSUP Sanglah
Ketut Suardamana
Divisi Alergi Imunologi, Bagian/SMF Ilmu Penyakit Dalam FK Unud/RSUP Sanglah
How to Cite
EKA IMBAWAN, I GN; SURYANA, Ketut; SUARDAMANA, Ketut. ASOSIASI CARA PEMBERIAN OBAT DENGAN ONSET DAN DERAJAT KLINIS REAKSI HIPERSENSITIFITAS AKUT/ANAFILAKSIS PADA PENDERITA YANG DIRAWAT DI RSUP SANGLAH DENPASAR BALI. journal of internal medicine, [S.l.], nov. 2012. Available at: <https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/jim/article/view/3909>. Date accessed: 14 aug. 2020.
Section
Articles

Keywords

acute hypersensitivity reactions/anaphylaxis, triggering allergen, onset, clinical degrees