DIAGNOSIS DAN PENATALAKSANAAN ARTRITIS SEPTIK

  • I Wayan Dary
  • Tjokorda Raka Putra

Abstract

Septic arthritis which caused by bacterial infection is a serious disease and still as challenge to physician because the
prognosis has not improved significantly over the past two decades. The route of spread infection to joint through hematogenous
or other routes include direct inoculation through joint prosthetic. The most often aetiology is Staphylococcus aureus. The process
of native joint infection can be divided into three steps: bacterial colonization, establishing an infection, and induction of
host inflammatory response. The diagnosis of septic arthritis rests on isolation of the pathogen from joint fluid. If we find classic
sign and symptoms associated septic arthritis should not to delay the diagnosis of septic arthritis. Once septic arthritis is suspected
and the proper sample for microbiologic studies are collected, appropriate antibiotic treatment and adequate joint drainage should
begin immediately. The aim management of septic arthritis mainly are joint decompression, joint sterilization, and reserve joint
function. Sterilization joint with empirical antibiotic based on gram stain and co-morbid disease and than adjusted base on
baterial culture result. Antibiotic should be administrated intravenously at least 2 weeks than continued orally. Joint decompression
can be achieved by a variety methods include closed-needle aspiration, tidal irrigation, arthroscopy, and arthrotomy. Prophylactic
use of antibiotics is controversial for events posing a risk of haematogenous bacterial arthritis through transient
bacteraemia. Prognosis of septic arthritis is poor since a permanent reduction in joint function is seen in approximately 30% of
patients.

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Author Biographies

I Wayan Dary
Bagian / SMF Ilmu Penyakit Dalam FK Unud / RSUP Sanglah Denpasar
Tjokorda Raka Putra
Bagian / SMF Ilmu Penyakit Dalam FK Unud / RSUP Sanglah Denpasar
How to Cite
DARY, I Wayan; RAKA PUTRA, Tjokorda. DIAGNOSIS DAN PENATALAKSANAAN ARTRITIS SEPTIK. journal of internal medicine, [S.l.], nov. 2012. Available at: <https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/jim/article/view/3880>. Date accessed: 10 aug. 2020.
Section
Articles

Keywords

septic arthritis, diagnosis, management

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