PENATALAKSANAAN PASIEN DIABETES MELITUS DI POLIKLINIK RUMAH SAKIT SANGLAH DENPASAR

  • Losen Adnyana
  • Hensen -
  • Anak Agung Gde Budhiarta

Abstract

A cross-sectional study was conducted from March until May 2003 among 100 diabetic patients, registered in
Diabetic Clinic, Department of Internal Medicine Sanglah Hospital for management of diabetes for more than 12
months. Primary objective was to evaluate diabetes control, diabetes management and late complications status in the
diabetic population managed by Diabetic Clinic as urban health care clinics. The subjects were 65% men and 35%
women with mean of age 59.4 years and known having diabetes since 1-5 years (mean 2.1 years). Samples consist of
4% type-1 diabetes; 95% type-2 diabetes and 1% gestational diabetes. Antidiabetic medication were sulfonylurea
67%; metformin 55%; insulin 26% and others (glucosidase inhibitors, thiazolidenedione and others) were 0%.
According to the level of AIC, lipid profile and blood pressure, 40% (AIC < 6.5%); 50% (HDL-chol >-45 mg/dl);
27.0% (LDL-cho! < 100 mg/dl); 67.6% (triglyceride < 150 mg/dl) and 23% (blood pressure < 130/80 mmHg) were
categorized as good diabetic controls. Large proportion of poor diabetic controls partly may be due to low proportion
of education days received on diabetes in the past year (57% have only I education day and 32% with zero education
day). This condition also impact on lifestyle modification where 63% not regularly and 14% never follow the diet and
50% never . exercise. Also 12% still smoker and 4% sti 11 consume alcohol on a regu lar basis. Micral test to detect
microalbuminuria as an early I phase of diabetic nephropathy were not commonly used (7%), and dipstick to detect
makroalbuminuria (99%). Blood test for serum creatinin showed 89% with serum creatinin <2 mg/dl and 11% with
serum creatinin >2 mg/dl. Another chronic complication were neuropathy (10.1%); cataract (10.4%); background
retinopathy (8.6%), healed ulcer (3%), stroke (2%), leg amputation (1%), absence of foot pulse (1%), acute
ulcer/gangrene (1%), myocard infard/CABG/angioplasty (1%).

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Losen Adnyana
Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism Department of Internal Medicine Udayana University/Sanglah Hospital Denpasar.
Hensen -
Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism Department of Internal Medicine Udayana University/Sanglah Hospital Denpasar.
Anak Agung Gde Budhiarta
Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism Department of Internal Medicine Udayana University/Sanglah Hospital Denpasar.
How to Cite
ADNYANA, Losen; -, Hensen; GDE BUDHIARTA, Anak Agung. PENATALAKSANAAN PASIEN DIABETES MELITUS DI POLIKLINIK RUMAH SAKIT SANGLAH DENPASAR. journal of internal medicine, [S.l.], nov. 2012. Available at: <https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/jim/article/view/3791>. Date accessed: 14 aug. 2020.
Section
Articles

Keywords

diabetes mellitus, diabetes control, diabetes management, late complication.