OPTIMASI FORMULA SEDIAAN SABUN MANDI CAIR DARI EKSTRAK KULIT MANGGIS (Garcinia Mangostana Linn.)

  • Putu Yunia Irmayanti
  • Ni Putu Ayu Dewi Wijayanti
  • Cokorda Istri Sri Arisanti

Abstract

Mangosteen rind is a valuable waste, rich in saponins, xanton, and tannin. Liquid soap was made by saponification reaction of ethanol extract of mangosteen rind and fats are reacted with KOH. This study aims to perform the optimization of liquid soap formula and determine its physical and chemical properties. Extract of mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L.) obtained by maceration for 3 days with 70% ethanol, and vaccuum evaporated. Liquid soap was prepared by heating method for ± 3 hours. The evaluation consists of organoleptic test, pH, and specific gravity determination. The results show that the liquid soap from 2% ethanol extract of mangosteen rind is dark brown, homogenous liquid, has a characteristic odor and specific gravity between 1.022 to 1.036 g / ml, and pH between 12.16 to 12, 92. From the test results, liquid soap formulas which meet commercial criteria are formula V and VI.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Putu Yunia Irmayanti
Jurusan Farmasi, FMIPA Universitas Udayana, Bukit Jimbaran
Ni Putu Ayu Dewi Wijayanti
Jurusan Farmasi, FMIPA Universitas Udayana, Bukit Jimbaran
Cokorda Istri Sri Arisanti
Jurusan Farmasi, FMIPA Universitas Udayana, Bukit Jimbaran
Published
2014-07-01
How to Cite
YUNIA IRMAYANTI, Putu; AYU DEWI WIJAYANTI, Ni Putu; ISTRI SRI ARISANTI, Cokorda. OPTIMASI FORMULA SEDIAAN SABUN MANDI CAIR DARI EKSTRAK KULIT MANGGIS (Garcinia Mangostana Linn.). Jurnal Kimia (Journal of Chemistry), [S.l.], july 2014. ISSN 2599-2740. Available at: <https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/jchem/article/view/11765>. Date accessed: 24 jan. 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.24843/JCHEM.2014.v08.i02.p15.
Section
Articles

Keywords

Mangosteen rind, maceration, liquid soap, optimation, optimum formula