Lingual Investigation of President Soekarno Speech: A Report

  • David Samuel Latupeirissa Udayana University Linguistics Program
  • I Ketut Darma Laksana Udayana University, Denpasar, Indonesia
  • Ketut Artawa Udayana University, Denpasar, Indonesia
  • IGAG Sosiowati Udayana University, Denpasar, Indonesia

Abstract

The current research aims at investigating the most important speech of Soekarno and the ideologies behind the speech. Since Soekarno was the proclaimer of Indonesian independence as well as the first president of Indonesia, we would claim that his speeches were important to be investigated. Among the speeches, we tried to reveal the most important one through a lingual investigation. This investigation was based on grounded theory and hermeneutic theory. It was focused on the text as a part of the language. The results have shown that the most important speech of Soekarno is the speech entitled, ‘Tahun Berdikari’. It is viewed as a high novelty finding because there is no researcher who has ever claimed ‘Tahun Berdikari’ as the most important speech in the history of Indonesia. The speech contained three main ideologies, namely (1) unity as the most important thing for Indonesians, (2) revolution must be in the Indonesian soul, and (3) imperialism and capitalism as Indonesia’s main enemy.

Author Biography

David Samuel Latupeirissa, Udayana University Linguistics Program

Staff of Doctor Linguistics Postgraduate Udayana University

References

Bryant, Antony, and Charmaz, Kathy. (2007). 'Grounded theory in historical perspective: An epistemological account', in Bryant, A., and Charmaz, K. (eds.), The SAGE Handbook of Grounded Theory. Los Angeles: Sage. pp. 31–57.

Charmaz, K. (2014). Constructing grounded theory. Sage.

David, M. K. (2014). Language, power, and manipulation: the use of rhetoric in maintaining political influence. Frontiers of Language and Teaching, 5(1), 164-170.

Erikson R.S, Tedin K.L. (2003). American Public Opinion. New York: Longman. 6th ed.

Fairclough, N. (2006). Discourse and Social Change. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Kuswono, K. (2016). Marhaenism: Social Ideology Create by Sukarno. HISTORIA Jurnal Program Studi Pendidikan Sejarah, 4(2), 119-130.

Matić, D. (2012). Ideological discourse structures in political speeches. Komunikacija i kultura online, 3(3), 54.

McLellan D. (1986). Ideology. Minneapolis: Univ. Minn. Press

Norman, F. (1989). Language and power. London and New York: Longman.

Siswo, I. (2014). Panca Azimat Revolusi: Tulisan, Risalah, Pembelaan, & Pidato Sukarno 1926- 1966. Jakarta: KPG

Thomans, L., & Wareing, S. (1999). Language, Society, and Power. London: Routledge
Fairclough, N. (1995). Critical Discourse Analysis: The Critical Study of Language. London: Longman

Melvin, J. (2017). "Mechanics of Mass Murder: A Case for Understanding the Indonesian Killings as Genocide". Journal of Genocide Research. 19 (4): 487–511. https://doi:10.1080/14623528.2017.1393942.

Wibowo, Y. S. (2005). Marhaenisme: ideologi perjuangan Soekarno. Buana Pustaka.

Winata, L. (2017). Nasakom Sebagai Ideologi Negara Tahun 1959-1965. Avatara, 5(3).
Published
2019-05-31
How to Cite
SAMUEL LATUPEIRISSA, David et al. Lingual Investigation of President Soekarno Speech: A Report. e-Journal of Linguistics, [S.l.], v. 13, n. 2, p. 275--238, may 2019. ISSN 2442-7586. Available at: <https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/eol/article/view/49602>. Date accessed: 18 jan. 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.24843/e-JL.2019.v13.i02.p07.
Section
Articles