The Development System of Linguistic Experience on The Debate Text of Presidential Candidate of The Republic of Indonesia 2014 – 2019

  • Irma Setiawan Udayana University Linguistics Program
  • Irma Setiawan University of Mataram, Mataram, Indonesia
  • I Ketut Darma Laksana Udayana University, Denpasar, Indonesia
  • Mahyuni Mahyuni Mataram University, Mataram, Indoensia
  • I Nyoman Udayana Udayana University, Denpasar, Indonesia


The presidential candidate debate text development system is a sort of linguistic experience elements reflecting the speaker's way of thinking related to the policies of the nation and state. The text development might indicate the policy intended by a presidential candidate to build the nation and state. Based upon this, there are three factors behind the selection of this topic to research; namely, empirical, practical, and theoretical factors. This study is conducted aimed at describing various issues concerning the development of the linguistic experience of the two presidential candidates in improving the national and international welfare and international politics-national resilience. Systemic Functional Linguistic (SFL) theory initiated by Halliday (1985,1991, 2004, 2014) is used as the grounded theory in this study. This study employs qualitative descriptive approach with linguistic phenomenological paradigm. Various data types analyzed in this study include words, phrases, clauses, group phrases, and text units. The data use taken from the recorded of audio-visual Candidate Debate Text (CDT) in stage I and II. The research instruments used in this study are text validation tables and contexts. Along with some advanced techniques, documentation and observation were conducted to collect the data. Meanwhile, in processing the data collected, this study passed several stages; namely, data classification, segmentation, and codification. To analyze the data processed, this study employed several stages namely reduction, presentation, and verification. The results of this study show that Prabowo Subianto (PS) tended to use dynamic linear text development pattern, whereas Joko Widodo (JW) tended to use a constant linear text development pattern.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Irma Setiawan, Udayana University Linguistics Program

Staff of Doctor Linguistics Postgraduate Udayana University


Ajilore, Oluwateniola Oluwabukola. 2015. Acclaims, Attacks and Deferences in Nigerian Gubernatorial Debate. In Discurse & Communication Vol. 9 (1) . London: Sage London: Sage, p: 3 – 18.

Benoit, William L. dan David Airne. 2005. A Funcyional Analysis of American Vice Presidential Debates. In Argumentation and Advocacy Vol.41(spring).US: Montana, p: 225 – 236.
Bhattarai, Keshab, Paul Bachman, Frank Conte, Jonathan Haughton, Michael Head, and David G. Tuerck. 2018. Tax Plan debates in the US presidential election: A dynamic CGE analysis of growth and redistribution trade-offs. Economic Modelling. 68(1):529-542.

Halliday, M.A.K.. 1985. “Systemics Background”. In: Benson, J. D. and W.S. Greaves, editors. Systemic Perpectives on Discourse, Vol. I, Norwood: Ablex Publishing. p: 1-15.

Halliday, M.A.K.. 1991. An Introduction to Functional Grammar 2th. London: Edward Arnold.

Halliday, M.A.K.. 2004. An Introduction to Functional Grammar 3th. Revised by Christian M.I.M Matthiessen. London: Hodder Arnold.

Halliday, M.A.K. 2014. Introducing to Functional Grammar 4th. Revised by Christian M.I.M. Matthiessen. London: Routledge.

Jones, Jason dan Shận Wareing. 2007. Bahasa dan Politik. (Sunoto,dkk., Pent). Dalam Abd. Syukur Ibrahim, editor. Bahasa, Masyarakat, dan Kekuasaan. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar. Hal: 49-76.

Koussouhon, Leonard A. dan Ashani M. Dossoumou. 2015. Political and Ideological Commitments: A Systemic Funtional Linguistics and Critical Discourse Analysis of President Buhari’s Inaugural Speech. In International Journal of Linguistics and Comunication (IJLC) Vol.3(2),P: 24 – 34.

Mahsun. (2007). Edisi Revisi: Metode Penelitian Bahasa: Tahapan Strategi, Metode, dan Tekniknya. Jakarta: PT RajaGrafindo Persada. Miles, Matthew B. Dan A. Michael Huberman.1992. Analisis Data Kualitatif: Buku Sumber tentang Metode-metode Baru. Diterjemahkan oleh Tjejep Rohendi R. Jakarta: UI-Press.

Miles, Matthew B. dan A. Michael Huberman.1992. Analisis Data Kualitatif: Buku Sumber tentang Metode-metode Baru. (Tjejep Rohendi R., Pentj) Jakarta: UI-Press.
Orwell, G. 1986. Politics and the English Language In: Exploring Language. In Goshgarian, G., editor. Boston: Little, Brown, and Company.

Potter, Lorena. 2016. Ideological Representations and Thema – Rhema Analysis in English and Arabic News Reports: A Systemic Functional Approach. In Functional Linguistics Vol.3(5)., p: 1 – 20.

Purba, Rosanti Anugrah Nurjannah. Berperang dengan Saudara Sendiri. Diakses tanggal 10 Januari 2015.

Saragih, A. 2006. Bahasa dalam Konteks Sosial: Teori Linguistik Fungsional Sistemik terhadap Tata Bahasa dan Wacana. Medan: Pascasarjana Unimed Press.
Sinar, Tengku Silvana. 2012. Teori dan Analisis Wacana: Teori Linguistik Sistemik – Fungsional. Medan: CV Mitra.

Sudaryanto. 2015. Metode dan Aneka Teknik Analisis Bahasa: Pengantar Penelitian Wahana Kebudayaan secara Linguistik. Yogyakarta: Sanata Dharma University Press.

Young, Lynne. 2011. Systemic Functional Linguistics. In James Simpson, editor. The Routledge Handbook of Applied Linguistics. London: Routledge. p: 625-637.
How to Cite
SETIAWAN, Irma et al. The Development System of Linguistic Experience on The Debate Text of Presidential Candidate of The Republic of Indonesia 2014 – 2019. e-Journal of Linguistics, [S.l.], v. 13, n. 2, p. 211--232, july 2019. ISSN 2442-7586. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 08 dec. 2023. doi: