Author Instructions

Author Instructions

1. Manuscripts formatting 

Please make sure before submitting that: The manuscript is proofread several times by the author(s); and is criticized by some colleagues. The language is revised by a professional science editor or a native English speaker (for Abstract). The structure of the manuscript follows the guidelines (sections, references, quality of the figures, etc). Abstract provides a clear view of the content of the paper and attracts potential citers.

All manuscripts must be written in clear and grammatically correct Bahasa Indonesia but abstract have to be English (U.S.). 

The manuscript should be as short as possible, with the abstract about 500 words. Manuscript of original research should be written in no more than 8,000 words (including tables and picture), or proportional with articles in this publication number. The review articles will be accommodated, while, short communication should be written at least 2,000 words, except for pre-study (can longer) (excl. abstract, tables, figures, references). For research paper, the manuscript should be arranged in the following sections and appear in order: Title, Abstract, Keywords (arranged from A to Z), Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledgements, and References. For reviews and short communications, it is accomodated.  

Manuscript is typed on white paper of A4 (210x297 mm2) size, in single column, single space, 12-point (12 pt) Times New Roman font. It has to use line number and “Normal” style for text, “Heading” styles for headings. The margin text is 3 cm from the top, 2,54 cm from the bottom, and 2.5 cm from the left and right. Word processing program or additional software can be used, however, it must be PC compatible and Microsoft Word based (.doc or .docx). 

Scientific names of species (incl. subspecies, variety, etc.) should be written in italic, except for italic sentence. Scientific name(genera, species, author), and cultivar or strain should be mentioned completely for the first time mentioning it in the body text, especially for taxonomic manuscripts. Name of genera can be shortened after first mentioning, except generating confusion. Name of the author can be eliminated after first mentioning. For example, Rhizopus oryzae L. UICC 524, hereinafter can be written as R. oryzae UICC 524. Using trivial name should be avoided, otherwise generating confusion.

Metric measurement use IS denomination, usage other system should follow the value of equivalent with the denomination of IS first mentioning. Abbreviations set of, like g, mg, mL, etc. do not follow by dot. Minus index (m-2, L-1, h-1) suggested to be used, except in things like  "per-plant" or "per-plot". 

Equation of mathematicsdoes not always can be written down in one column with text, in that case can be written separately. 

Number one to ten are expressed with words, except if it relates to measurement, while values above them written in number, except in early sentence. The fraction should be expressed in decimal. In the text, it should be used "%" rather than "percent". Avoid expressing ideas with complicated sentence and verbiage, and used efficient and effective sentence.

2. Standard section 

  • Title of the article should be written in compact, clear, and informative sentence, preferably not more than 20 words. Name of author(s) should be completely written, especially for the first and the last name.  Name and institutionaddress should also be completely written with street name and number (location), postal code, telephone number, facsimile number, and email address for Corresponding Author. The mention of "graduate program", "undergraduate program", "post-graduate program", "master program", "doctoral program" should be avoided in the name of institution. Manuscript written by a group, author for correspondence along with address is required. The title page (first page) should include: title of the article, full name(s), institution(s) and address(es) of author(s); the corresponding authors detailed postage and e-mail addresses, and phone numbers.
  • Abstract concise abstract is required (about 500 words). The abstract should be informative and state briefly the aim of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, thus it must be able to stand alone (completely self-explanatory). References should not be cited, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential, they must be defined at their first mention.
  • Keywordsis about five words, covering scientific and local name (if any), research theme, and special methods which used; and sorted from A to Z.
  • Abbreviations(if any): All important abbreviations must be defined at their first mention there. Ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article.
  • Introductionis about 400-600 words, covering the aims of the research and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results. Indicate the aims of research in the last paragraph. The introduction also gives the rationale for and objectives of the study that is being reported and their relationship to earlier work in the field.
  • Materials and Methods Materials and methods section should emphasize the study site area, research procedures and data analysis. In this section, author(s) should provide sufficient information to allow another qualified researcher to repeat the experiments that are described in the paper.
  • Results and Discussionshould be written as a series of connecting sentences, however, for manuscript with long discussion should be divided into subtitles. Thorough discussion represents the causal effect mainly explains for why and how the results of the research were taken place, and do not only re-express the mentioned results in the form of sentences. Concluding sentence should be given at the end of the discussion.
  • Conclusionsmust be well stated and summarize the major finding and contribution to existing knowledge.
  • Acknowledgmentsare expressed in a brief; all sources of institutional, private and corporate financial support for the work must be fully acknowledged, and any potential conflicts of interest are noted.
  • References is dominantly from primary resources such as journal, proceeding, dissertation, thesis, monograph, book or other result from direct research. 80% of cited research(s) should be from the last 10 years publication.

3. References 

Specifically for writing libraries in the text and in the bibliography must refer to the existing provisions where each type of library has a different writing format. Citation and bibliography use the APA (American Psychological Association) style by sorting alphabetically. IMPORTANT NOTE AND MUST BE FOLLOWED: Of the total libraries used, at least 80% are primary library sources (journals) and also a minimum of 80% of the total literature used is the last 10 years publication.

Download for the Template of Manuscript here