Reducing Total Dissolved Solid of Livestock Wastewater with Moringa Seed Powder

  • I Made Merdana Udayana University
  • I Ketut Suada Udayana University
  • I Putu Agus Santika Putra Udayana University

Abstract

In recent years environmental pollution has become a problem that needs attention because it causes negative impacts on ecosystems. The increase in cattle raising is directly proportional to livestock waste produced both from feces and excreted urine. Most people do not know how to process animal wastewater, so they dispose the livestock waste into water areas such as rivers that flow close to settlements. Water quality can be measured by several parameters, one of which is total dissolved solids (TDS). This parameter states the amount of solute both organic and inorganic in a solution. Moringa seeds have a coagulant effect due to their cationic electronic poly protein content. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of moringa seeds on reducing TDS of livestock wastewater. The sample of this study was cattle farm wastewater taken from the cages of members of the Walung Mekar farmer group. Moringa seed powder concentrations used in this study were 50 mg/L, 100 mg/L and 150 mg/L. Observation was conducted in various time periods 0 minutes, 20 minutes, 40 minutes, 60 minutes. The TDS calculation method used gravimetric calculations (SNI 06-6989.27-2005). The results of variance indicated that Moringa oleifera powder had a very significant effect on the reduction of TDS levels in livestock wastewater. In summary, the best concentration of Moringa oleifera powder at 150 mg/L and the best deposition time at 60 minutes was able to reduce TDS levels.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

I Made Merdana, Udayana University

Laboratory of Veterinary Pharmacy and Pharmacology

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine

I Ketut Suada, Udayana University

Laboratory of Veterinary Public Health

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine

I Putu Agus Santika Putra, Udayana University

Student of Veterinary Internship Program

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine

References

[1] Soerjani. 2007. Lingkungan: Semberdaya Alam dan Kependudukan dalam Pembangunan. Jakarta: Indonesia University Press.
[2] Amani F, Prawiroredjo. 2016. Alat Ukur Kualitas Air Minum Dengan Parameter pH, Suhu, Tingkat Kekeruhan, dan Jumlah Padatan Terlarut. JETri. 14(1): 49-62.
[3] Peraturan Menteri Lingkungan Hidup Nomor 5 Tahun 2014. Baku Mutu Air Limbah. Nomor: 1815, 2014.
[4] Goyal BR, Agrawal BB, Goyal RK, Mehta AA. 2007. Phytopharmacology of Moringa oleifera. An overview. Natural Product Radiance. 6(4): 347-353.
[5] Pritchard MT, Craven T, Mkandawire AS, Edmoson JG, O’Neill. 2010. A Study of the Effectiveness of Moringa oleifera in Drinking Water Purification. J. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth. 35(13): 791-797.
[6] Irmayana, Hadisantoso EP, Soeharti I. 2017, Pemanfaatan Biji Kelor (Moringa oleifera) Sebagai Koagulan Alternatif Dalam Proses Penjernihan Limbah Cair Industri Kulit. Jurnal Istek. 10(2): 48-61.
[7] Wibawarto DK, Syafrudin, Nugraha WD. 2017. Study Decrease of Turbidity, TSS, COD Using Moringa Seeds (Moringa Oleifera) as Nano Biocoagulant in Domestic Waste Water Treatment (Grey Water). Jurnal Teknik Lingkungan. 6(1): 2-3.
[8] Sampurna IP, Nindhia TS. 2008. Analisis Data dengan SPSS dalam Rancangan Percobaan. Cetakan I. Denpasar: Udayana University Press.
[9] Januardi R, Setyawati TR, Mukarlina. 2014. Pengolahan Limbah Cair Tahu Menggunakan Kombinasi Serbuk Kelor (Moringa oleifera) dan Asam Jawa (Tamarindus indica). Jurnal Protobiont. 3(1): 41-45.
[10] Mubiyi SA, Evison LM. 1995. Optimizing Physical Parameter Affecting Coagulation of Turbin Water with Moringa oleifera Seeds, Water Res. 29(12): 2689-2695.
[11] Andre, Irawan WW, Endro S. 2015. The Use of Tamarindus indica Seed Powder as Biocoagulant to Reduce the Level of Phosphate and COD in Laundry Wastewater. Jurnal Teknik Lingkungan, 4(4): 1-5.
[12] Umar MR, Liong S. 2014. Efektifitas Serbuk Biji Kelor (Moringa oleifera) Dalam Menurunkan Kadar Kadmium (Cd) pada air. Jurnal Alam dan Lingkungan. 2(3): 37-42.
[13] Cech TV. 2005. Principles of Water Resources, History, Development, Management, and Policy. USA. John Wiley & Sons.
[14] Akbar IS, A Wahid, M Dia. 2015. Effectiveness Seeds of Moringa (Moringa oleifera Lamk) as Coagulant for Iron (Fe) and Calcium (Ca). J. Akademika Kim. 4(2): 64-70.
[15] Amagloh F.K., and A. Benang. 2009. Effectiveness of Moringa Oleifera Seed as Coagulant for Water Purification. Full Length Research Paper. African Journal of Agricultural Research vol. 4(1): 119-123.
[16] Hak A, Kurniasih Y, Hatimah H. 2018. Efektivitas Penggunaan Biji Kelor (Moringa oleifera) Sebagai Koagulan Untuk Menurunkan Kadar TDS dan TSS Dalam Limbah Laundry. J. Kepen. Kim. 6(2): 100-113.
Published
2020-02-28
How to Cite
MERDANA, I Made; SUADA, I Ketut; PUTRA, I Putu Agus Santika. Reducing Total Dissolved Solid of Livestock Wastewater with Moringa Seed Powder. Advances in Tropical Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 1, p. 1-4, feb. 2020. ISSN 2622-0628. Available at: <https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/ATBES/article/view/54139>. Date accessed: 21 sep. 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.24843/ATBES.2020.v04.i01.p01.
Section
Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)