EFISIENSI UNIT-UNIT KEGIATAN EKONOMI INDUSTRI GULA YANG MENGGUNAKAN PROSES KARBONATASI DI INDONESIA

VICTOR SIAGIAN

Abstract


Highly government intervention caused crucial Indonesian sugar market structure.
This condition stimulated low productivity, high cost economy, increasing in sugar price and
imported sugar. Increased sugar import either legal or illegal must be concerned because
international sugar market is thin market and also sugar industry is capital intensive, more
over in the beginning of trade liberalization. One of the methods for eliminating imported
sugar namely to identified sugar industry efficiency especially carbonatization sugar industry
using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA).
DEA calculates relative efficiency to peer unit namely sugar factories in which have
highly efficiency score. There are three sugar factories, using carbonatization process, have
lowly efficiency score and need input multiplier or reallocation in using input from peer unit.

Keywords


Government Intervention, Sugar Market Structure, Legal and Illegal Import, Thin Market, DEA, Relative Efficiency, Peer Unit.

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