DESCRIPTION OF PSYCHOLOGICAL NEEDS IN CHILDREN LEARNING DIFFICULTIES

  • Ni Luh Made Sri Murjaniasih Psikologi Universitas Udayana

Abstract

Children who do not want to do well in school ususally show low leaning achievement. The cause can come from poorly met psychological needs. When the child's needs are not met, it will hinder the development and adjustment of the child, one of which is the delay in absorbing learning in class so that the child will have difficulty learning.


The purpose of this study was to determine the psychological picture of children with learning difficulties. This research uses a qualitative case study method. The sampling technique used was purposive sampling. The subjects in this study were sixth grade elementary school children who had low achievement in class. Subjects are children who still have difficulty reading, writing, and arithmetic and attend public schools. The data collection technique was carried out by non-participatory observation of the subject and semi-structured interviews with parents and school teachers. The collected data is analyzed using case study analysis techniques according to Creswell (2014).


The results showed that there are patterns that are categorized into 14 categories consisting of 3 characteristics of children with learning difficulties such as low memory, low learning motivation and the character of children who are quiet and don't talk much. The other 11 categories are psychological needs that arise in children with learning difficulties, namely Need of Abasement, Need of Aggression, Need of Succorance, Need of Affiliation, Need of Exhibition, Need of Rejection, Need of In Avoidance, Need of Autonomy, Need of Order, Need of Play.

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Published
2021-04-30
How to Cite
SRI MURJANIASIH, Ni Luh Made. DESCRIPTION OF PSYCHOLOGICAL NEEDS IN CHILDREN LEARNING DIFFICULTIES. Widya Cakra: Journal of Psychology and Humanities, [S.l.], v. 1, n. 2, p. 57-64, apr. 2021. Available at: <https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/widyacakra/article/view/72309>. Date accessed: 18 june 2021.