Khashoggi Case and the Issue of Human Rights Protectionof Journalists

  • Migel Apriliyanto
  • Made Maharta Yasa


Jamal Khashoggi is known for his very sharp critics to Saudi Arabian Governments. He was murdered at the Consulate facility of Saudi Arabia in Istanbul- Turkey. The case has become a concern of international society, put the questions of freedom of expression and press as well the security of journalist. This article is a normative legal research that is aimed to analyze the international human rights law’s protection to the journalist's activities and to discuss the case of Khashoggi, specifically on the issue which authorities that have obligations to impose legal sanctions to the alleged perpetrators. The research suggests that there have been international human rights norms and principles that protect journalist activities. In addition, it suggests that Turkey has jurisdiction to launch an investigation and prosecute the perpetrators who involve in the murder of Jamal Khashoggi.


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Legal Documents
General Comment No. 34 Article 19 ICCPR: Freedoms of Opinion and Expression
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (CCPR/C/GC/34)
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
Memorandum on Freedom of Expression and Media Freedom in Turkey, Commissioner for Human Rights, Council of Europe, CommDH(2017)5, Strasbourg, 15 February 2017
United Nations General Assembly Resolution No. A/RES/72/175 concerning the Safety of Journalists and the Issue of Impunity
Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Online/World Wide Web
CNN News, Jaksa Ungkap Misi Pembunuhan Khashoggi Versi Arab Saudi, Retrieved from, CNN News, Klaim Saudi dan Upaya Jauhkan Pangeran dari Kasus Khashoggi, Retrieved from Sabtu, 20/10/2018
CNN News, Kronologi Kisruh Jamal Khashoggi, Wartawan Pengkritik Saudi, Retrieved from, 20/10/2018
CNN News, Saudi Tolak Permintaan Ekstradisi Pembunuh Khashoggi ke Turki, Retrieved from, 10/12/2018
Reuters News, Turkey may seek U.N. inquiry if Saudi cooperation reaches impasse, Retrieved from,, , November 21, 2018
Tirto News, Kasus Rebecca BBC dan Gelapnya Kebebasan Pers di Papua, Retrieved from, 4 Februari 2018
UN News, UN Expert Calls for International Investigation into ‘Evident Murder’ of Jamal Khashoggi, Retrieved from, 23 October 2018
UN News, UN Rights Chief Says ‘Bar Must be Set Very High’ for Investigation of Murdered Saudi Journalist, Retrieved from, 30 October 2018
United Nations Treaty Collection, Chapter IV Human Rights, 4 International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights,
How to Cite
APRILIYANTO, Migel; YASA, Made Maharta. Khashoggi Case and the Issue of Human Rights Protectionof Journalists. Kertha Patrika, [S.l.], v. 40, n. 3, p. 131-140, dec. 2018. ISSN 2579-9487. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 24 apr. 2024. doi:

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