Prioritized Mapping in Bali: Multi-View Hierarchical Agglomerative Clustering (MVHAC) Approach

  • Lincolin Arsyad Gadjah Mada University


This study aims to determine which sectors and areas should be prioritized in development in BalI. The data used is panel data from 2010 – 2022 for all districts/cities in Bali. The data analysis technique for mapping sectors and regions is Multi-View Hierarchical Agglomerative Clustering (MVHAC). The results of the analysis of Location Quotient and Dyanmic Location Quotient show that the SARBAGITA area (Denpasar, Badung, Gianyar, and Tabanan) has potential in the secondary and tertiary sectors, while other areas are in the primary sector. MVHAC analysis shows that in quadrant 1 (cluster 1), namely Badung and Denpasar, the sectors that can be developed are agriculture, forestry and fisheries; real estate; manufacturing industry; water supply, waste management and waste recycling and mining and excavation, the area of quadrant 3 (cluster 2) of Tabanan and Gianyar is almost similar to Badung and Tabanan, but the potential sector is also transportation and warehousing, while quadrant 4 (cluster 2) is more on the information and communication; real estate; educational services; health services and social activities.


Download data is not yet available.


Agung Tri Sugiari, A., & Sudarma, M. (2019). Relative Potential of Agricultural Sector in Economic Development of Bangli Regency. E-Jurnal Agribisnis Udayana.
Andriyansyah, Nurwanda, A., & Rifai, B. 2021. Structural Change and Regional Economic Growth in Indonesia. Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies.
Amri, K., & Nazamuddin. (2018). Is There Causality Relationship Between Economic Growth and Income Inequality?: Panel Data Evidence From Indonesia. Eurasian Journal of Economics and Finance, 6(2), 8–20.
Anwar, A. F., Asnun, A. P., & Wahab, A. (2021). A new decade for social changes Measuring the Impact of Inclusive Economic Growth; Empirical Study of SDGs in Indonesia. Technium Social Sciences Journal, 25, 192–218.
Bachtler, John. (2019). Towards Cohesion Policy 4.0 : structural transformation and inclusive growth. ROUTLEDGE.
Bachtler, John., & Yuill, Douglas. (2001). Policies and strategies for regional development : a shift in paradigm? (No. 46). University of Strathclyde, European Policies Research Centre.
Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Bali. (2022). Provinsi Bali Dalam Angka 2022 “Bali Province in Figures.” Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Bali.
Balland, P. A., & Boschma, R. (2021). Mapping the potentials of regions in Europe to contribute to new knowledge production in Industry 4.0 technologies. Regional Studies, 55(10–11), 1652–1666.
Bani, Y. F., Budiasa, I. W., & Widyantara, I. W. (2020). Tipologi dan Potensi Sub Sektor Pertanian di Kabupaten Gianyar. Jurnal Agribisnis Dan Agrowisata, 9(1), 49–58.
Bickel, S., & Scheffer, T. (2004). Multi-View Clustering. Universitat zu Berlin.
Chong, K. L. (2020). The side effects of mass tourism: the voices of Bali islanders. Asia Pasific Journal of Tourism Research by Taylor, 25(2).
Dewi, L. K. C., Yuni, L. K. H. K., & Antari, N. L. S. (2022). Pengembangan UMKM dan Desa Wisata di Kabupaten Gianyar.
Dewi, N. M. W. S., & Yasa, I. N. M. (2018). Analisis Sektor Potensial dalam Menetapkan Perencanaan Pembangunan di Kabupaten Karangasem. E-Jurnal EP Udayana, 7(1), 152–183.
Farole, T., Goga, S., & Heroiu, M. L. (2018). Rethinking Lagging Regions.
Fernandez, A., & Gomez, S. (2008). Solving non- uniqueness in agglomerative hierarchical clustering using multidendrograms. Journal of Classification, 25, 43–65.
Giannakis, E., & Bruggeman, A. (2020). Regional disparities in economic resilience in the European Union across the urban–rural divide. Regional Studies, 54(9), 1200–1213.
Goschin, Z. (2021). Economic Specialization of Romanian Regions and Counties. Insights Drawn from Static and Dynamic Location Quotients. Economic Specialization of Romanian Regions and Counties, 83–111.
Guimarães, P., Figueiredo, O., & Woodward, D. (2009). Dartboard tests for the location quotient. Regional Science and Urban Economics, 39(3), 360–364.
Helmi, M., Putu Sriartha, I., & Made Sarmita, I. (2021). Strategi Pengembangan Komoditas Unggulan Subsektor Tanaman Perkebunan di Kabupaten Buleleng. Jurnal Pendidikan Geografi Undiksha, 9(1), 26–35.
Hidayat, D. W., Mardikawati, B., Oktopianto, Y., & Shofiah, S. (2021). Analisis Lalu Lintas Ruas Jalan Denpasar-Gilimanuk Tabanan Bali Masa Pendemi Covid 19. Jurnal Keselamatan Transportasi Jalan (Indonesian Journal of Road Safety), 8(2), 137–144.
Ismanto, H., Azhari, S., & Arsyad, L. (2018). Ranking Method in Group Decision Support to Determine the Regional Prioritized Areas and Leading Sectors using Garrett Score. IJACSA) International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, 9(11).
Isserman, A. M. (1977). The Location Quotient Approach to Estimating Regional Economic Impacts. Journal of the American Planning Association, 43(1), 33–41.
Jafar, R., & Meilvidiri, W. (2021). Analisa Location Quotient (LQ), Dynamic Location Quotient (DLQ), dan Klasifikasi Carvalho dalam Menentukan Potensi Ekonomi Kabupaten Takalar. Journal of Regional Economics, 2(3), 30–40.
Juliarta, I. M. G., & Setyari, N. P. W. (2022). Analisis Disparitas Wilayah Dilihat dari Perekonomian Kabupaten/Kota Provinsi Bali : Pendekatan Sigma dan Beta Konvergen. Buletin Studi Ekonomi, 27(1), 43–52.
Kaplan, R. S., Serafeim, G., & Tugendhat, E. (2018). Inclusive Growth: Profitable Strategies for Tackling Poverty and Inequality. Harvard Business Review, 96(1), 127–133.
Kesuma, N.L.A. & Utama, I.M.S. 2015. Analisis Sektor Unggulan dan Pergeseran Pangsa Sektor-sektor Ekonomi Kabupaten Klungkung. JEKT, 8(1), 100-107.
Krismaningrung, N. M. P., & Marseto. (2020). Analisis Ketimpangan Ekonomi dan Potensi Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Daerah Wisata Laut dan Daerah Wisata Gunung Di Provinsi Bali. Journals of Economics Development Issues (JEDI), 3(1), 61–69.
Krismiyanti, N. M. E., & Utama, M. S. (2022). Pengaruh Sektor Pariwisata dan Kualitas Sumber Daya Manusia Terhadap Kesempatan Kerja dan Ketimpangan Distribusi Pendapatan. E-Jurnal EP Udayana, 9(6), 1261–1289.
Kuncoro, M., & Idris, A. N. (2010). Mengapa terjadi growth without development di provinsi kalimantan timur. Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, 11, 172–190.
Kurniawan, R., & Huda, S. (2020). Analisis Pertumbuhan Ekonomi dan Ketimpangan Distribusi Pendapatan Provinsi Bali. Jurnal Dinamika Ekonomi Pembangunan, 3(2), 335–344.
Lukasov, A. (1978). Hierarchical Agglomerative Clustering Procedure. Pattern Recognition, 11, 365–381.
Mahendrayasa, I.N. 2021. The Relationship Among Economic Structure, Sectoral Workforce, and Community Welfare in Bali Province. JEKT, 14(2), 401-425.
Maryanov, G. S. (2019). Decentralization in Indonesia as a Political Problem (1st ed.). Cornell University Press.
Mirzaei, H. (2010). A Novel Multi-View Agglomerative Clustering Algorithm Based on Ensemble of Partitions on Different Views. International Conference on Pattern Recognition.
Mo, S. W., Lee, K. B., Lee, Y. J., & Park, H. G. (2020). Analysis of import changes through shift-share, location quotient and BCG techniques: Gwangyang Port in Asia. Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics, 36(3), 145–156.
Mukhlis, I., Hidayah, I., & Sariyani, S. (2018). Economic agglomeration, economic growth, and income inequality in regional economy. Economic Journal of Emerging Markets, 10(2), 205–212.
Muller, E., Gunnemann, S., Farber, I., & Seidl, T. (2012). Discovering multiple clustering solutions: Grouping objects in different views of the data. 28th International Conference on Data Engineering.
Munandar, T. A., Azhari, Musdholifah, A., & Arsyad, L. (2018). Multiview hierarchical agglomerative clustering for identification of development gap and regional potential sector. Journal of Computer Science, 14(1), 81–91.
Munandar, T. A., Musdholifah, A., Arsyad, L., & Gadjah Mada, U. (2017). Modified Agglomerative Clustering with Location Quotient for Identification of Regional Potential Sector. Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, 15(5).
Mustafa, D. (2002). Regional and Local Economic Analysis Tools.
Naufal, D. P. T., & Sumiyarti. (2019). Potensi Ekonomi Wilayah Cepat Maju dan Cepat Tumbuh di Provinsi Jawa Barat. Jurnal Ekonomi KIAT, 30(1), 64–69.
Nugroho, Y., & Sujarwoto. (2021). Institutions, Outputs and Outcomes: Two Decades of Decentralization and State Capacity in Indonesia. Journal of Southeast Asian Economies (JSEAE), 38(3), 296–319.
Park, C.-Y., & Claveria, R. (2018). Does Regional Integration Matter for Inclusive Growth? Evidence from the Multidimensional Regional Integration Index (No. 559).
Piętak, Ł. (2022). Regional disparities, transmission channels and country’s economic growth. Journal of Regional Science, 62(1), 270–306.
Pike, A., Rodriguez-Pose, A., & Tomaney, J. (2011). Handbook of Local and Regional Development (First Edition). Routledge Economics.
Pominova, M., Gabe, T., & Crawley, A. (2021). The Pitfalls of Using Location Quotients to Identify Clusters and Represent Industry Specialization in Small Regions. International Finance Discussion Paper, 2021(1329), 1–25.
Priatmoko, S., Kabil, M., Magda, R., Pallas, E., & David, L. D. (2021). Bali and The Next Proposed Tourism Development Model in Indonesia. Regional Science Inquiry, XIII(2), 161–180.
Pribadi, Y., & Nurbiyanto. (2021). Central Lampung Regency Competitiveness Measurement: Location Quotient and Shift-Share Analysis. Jurnal Kelitbangan, 9(3), 299–310.
Putra, P. I. P., & Yadnya, I. P. (2018). Analisis Sektor Unggulan Perekonomian di Kabupaten/Kota Denpasar, Badung, Gianyar, dan Tabanan. E-Jurnal Manajemen Universitas Udayana, 7(10), 5657–5685.
Raeskyesa, D. G. S., Suryandaru, R. A., & Kadarusman, Y. B. (2019). Analysis on Growth Pattern. Jurnal Ilmu Manajemen & Ekonomika, 11(2), 45–56.
Ramesh Kumar, K., Sivakumar, I., Saravanakumar, N., & Sathishkumar, R. (2020). Regional disparities and indian states: A macro level study. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7(13), 87–92.
Sari, Y. M., Aliasuddin, & Silvia, V. (2021). Economic Growth and Income Inequality in ASEAN-5 Countries. International Journal of Advanced Research in Economics and Finance, 3(4), 34–44.
Sasirekha, K., & Baby, P. (2013). Agglomerative Hierarchical Clustering Algorithm-A Review. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 3(3).
Sen, A. (1999). Development as Freedom.
Setiawan, F. (2020). Analisis Potensi Sektor Basis Dan Non-Basis Kota Sabang Tahun 2013-2019. International Journal of Government and Social Science, 6(1), 89–104.
Soejoto, A., Fitrayati, D., Rachmawati, L., & Sholikhah, matush. (2016). Typology of Regional Economic Development Pattern. IJABER, 14(13), 9493–9505.
Suarmanayasa, I. N., Susila, G. P. A. J., & Bagia, I. W. (2019). Determination of Potential Economic Sectors to Support Economic Development Planning. Advances in Economics, Business and Management Research, 69, 69–74.
Subadra, I. N., & Hughes, H. (2021). Pandemic in paradise: Tourism pauses in Bali. Tourism and Hospitality Research by SAGE Journals, 22(1), 122–128.
Sukirno, S. (2010). Makro Ekonomi Teori Pengantar. (Edisi Kelima). STIE YKPN.
Suprapto, P. A. (2015). Dampak Pembangunan Bypass Ida Bagus Mantra Terhadapalih Fungsi Lahan Pertanian Di Provinsi Bali. Jurnal Komunikasi Hukum, 1 (1), 95–107.
Suryantini, N. P. S., Darmayanti, N. P. A., Wibawa, I. M. A., & Gede, I. G. K. (2022). Analisis Pertumbuhan Ekonomi dan Ketimpangan Regional Di Propinsi Bali. Jurnal Bisnis & Kewirausahaan, 18(1), 2022.
Todaro, M. P. (1995). Ekonomi Untuk Negara Berkembang (Edisi Ke-3). Bumi Aksara.
Vidyattama, Y., Sugiyarto, Sutiyono, W.2020. Budget Delay: between Local Capacity, Bargaining or Political Interaction in Three Study Cases. Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies.
Widhianthini, W., & Djelantik, A. A. A. W. S. (2019). Model Perencanaan Kawasan Pertanian di Kabupaten Karangasem, Provinsi Bali Pasca Erupsi Gunung Agung. Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning, 3(1), 11.
Wiguna, I. M. G. S., & Budhi, M. K. S. (2019). Analisis Sektor Unggulan dan Potensi Pertumbuhan Ekonomi di Kabupaten Badungtahun 2012-2016. E-Jurnal EP Udayana, 8(4), 810–841.
Wiwekananda, I. B. P., & Utama, I. M. S. (2016). Transformasi Struktur Ekonomi dan Sektor Unggulan di Kabupaten Buleleng Periode 2008-2013. Jurnal Ekonomi Kuantitatif Terapan, 9(1), 37–45.
Wu, W., Bang, S., Bleecker, E. R., Castro, M., Denlinger, L., Erzurum, S. C., Fahy, J. v., Fitzpatrick, A. M., Gaston, B. M., Hastie, A. T., Israel, E., Jarjour, N. N., Levy, B. D., Mauger, D. T., Meyers, D. A., Moore, W. C., Peters, M., Phillips, B. R., Phipatanakul, W., … Wenzel, S. E. (2019). Multiview cluster analysis identifies variable corticosteroid response phenotypes in severe asthma. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 199(11), 1358–1367.
Xu, Y. M., Wang, C. D., & Lai, J. H. (2016). Weighted Multi-view Clustering with Feature Selection. Pattern Recognition, 53, 25–35.
Yuendi, E. P., Rachmi, I. N., Puspitasari, N. N. A., Harini, R., & Alfana, M. A. F. (2019). Analisis Potensi Ekonomi Sektor Pertanian dan Sektor Pariwisata di Provinsi Bali Menggunakan Teknik Analisis Regional. Jurnal Geografi, 16(2), 128–136.
Yunus, S., & Paembonan, L. (2021). Using Location Quotient to Analyze Post-Disaster Economic Potential in The Pasigala Region, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. International Journal of Entrepreneurship, 25(6), 2021.
Zheng, Q., Zhu, J., & Ma, S. (2020). Multi-view Hierarchical Clustering. Journal of Latex, 1–21.
How to Cite
ANDIKA, Gede; ARSYAD, Lincolin. Prioritized Mapping in Bali: Multi-View Hierarchical Agglomerative Clustering (MVHAC) Approach. Jurnal Ekonomi Kuantitatif Terapan, [S.l.], v. 16, n. 1, p. 67-96, feb. 2023. ISSN 2303-0186. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 29 may 2023. doi: