Publication Ethics

Ethical standards for publication exist to ensure high-quality scientific publications, public trust in scientific findings, and that people receive credit for their work and ideas. This journal follows guidelines from Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) in facing all aspects of publication ethics and, in particular, how to handle cases of research and publication misconduct. All articles in this journal involving human subjects should respect principles of research ethics as described in Declaration of Helsinki and studies involving animals should obey the International Guiding Principles for Biomedical Research as developed by the Council for International Organization of Medical Sciences (CIOMS). 


For authors

  1. There are no author charges (also known as article processing charges/APCs) neither article submission charges.
  2. Plagiarism and self-plagiarism are not allowed. Authors should declare that their works are free from any kind of plagiarism (already stated in Author Form). In case plagiarised material is revealed in any of the published papers, the paper will be retracted and the Editorial Board will make a public notice to the readers.
  3. Author(s) may not submit the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently.
  4. Authorship should be based on the following criteria: (1) Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; (2) Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; (3) Final approval of the version to be published; (4) Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved. For further information please refer to ICMJE recommendation.
  5. A conflict of interest statement must be included in the manuscript before any "Acknowledgements" and "Funding Acknowledgment" sections and should summarize all aspects of any conflicts of interest included in the ICMJE form. If there is no conflict of interest, authors must include 'Conflict of Interest: none declared' in their manuscript.


For editors

  1. Editors and publisher identify and prevent the publication of papers with research misconduct.
  2. Editors and publisher will take appropriate measures to handle any cases of alleged or proven scientific misconduct or plagiarism, in form of prompt publication of an erratum, clarification, or retraction of the article.


For reviewers

  1. Reviewer is responsible for providing respectful, constructive, and honest feedback to authors, as well as commenting on the ethical questions and possible research and publication misconduct.
  2. Reviewer needs to complete the “Reviewer’s Comments” form by the due date and make a recommendation (reject with explanation in the report, accept without revision, revise major/minor). In case can not complete the work, reviewer should notify the editor.
  3. Reviewer should keep the manuscript confidential.