GROWTH PROFILES AND ETHANOL PRODUCTION OF TWO YEAST STRAINS Kluyveromyces marxianus IFO-288 AND Kluyveromyces marxianus IFO-617 DURING FERMENTATION OF SOYBEAN PULP HYDROLYZATE SUBSTRATES

  • Kahar Muzakhar

Abstract

Two yeast strains, K.marxianus IFO-288 and K.marxianus IFO-617, were observed to utilize carbon andnitrogen sources obtained from enzymatically hydrolyzed soybean pulp (hydrolyzate). Under aerobiccondition where 1.5% hydrolyzate was used, the maximum biomass of the two yeast yield reached 30%with the protein contents of 47-53%. The two yeast strains also fermented the soybean pulp hydrolyzateand produced alcohol when anaerobic condition was set. The alcohol production effi ciencies of the K.marxianus IFO-288 and K. marxianus IFO-617were 49% and 59.7%, respectively in the medium containing1.5% hydrolyzate. These values were noticed to decrease for the two strains when the concentration of thehydrolyzate was increased. At the concentrations of 2.5% and 5% hydrolyzate for examples, the alcoholproduction effi ciencies of the K.marxianus IFO-288 became 42.5% and 18.5%, respectively, while 45.6% and20.8%, respectively were recorded in the medium inoculated with K. marxianus IFO-617. At 10% hydrolyzateconcentration, none of the yeast strains grew or produced alcohol, indicating that some inhibitory substancesin hydrolyzates were present in the fermentation medium.

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How to Cite
MUZAKHAR, Kahar. GROWTH PROFILES AND ETHANOL PRODUCTION OF TWO YEAST STRAINS Kluyveromyces marxianus IFO-288 AND Kluyveromyces marxianus IFO-617 DURING FERMENTATION OF SOYBEAN PULP HYDROLYZATE SUBSTRATES. International Journal of Biosciences and Biotechnology, [S.l.], v. 1, n. 2, july 2013. ISSN 2655-9994. Available at: <https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/jbb/article/view/13613>. Date accessed: 21 apr. 2024.
Section
Articles

Keywords

biomass, alcohol, fermentation, hydrolyzate