The Correlation Between Person Deixis and Social Class in Singaraja Society

  • I Gusti Ayu Vina Widiadnya Putri Universitas Mahasaraswati Denpasar
  • I Gusti Bagus Wahyu Nugraha Putra Universitas Mahasaraswati Denpasar
  • Ida Bagus Gde Nova Winarta Universitas Mahasaraswati Denpasar


This study aims to analyze the correlation between person deixis and social class in Singaraja community. The people of the city of Singaraja use a unique language in their daily communication. Person deixis in communication used in Singaraja uses animal names as personal pronouns. The relationship between social class and person deixis pronouns is interesting to be analysed. This study uses deixis theory and the relationship between deixis and social class from Levinson (1983). He argued that social deixis is related to the aspect of sentences reflecting or establishing the social situation when the speech event occurs which means social deixis is also a deictic expression to distinguish speaker's social, Levinson (1983). This research is qualitative descriptive research. Data was collected by recording and observation techniques from the communication of the Singaraja people and their relationship with the social class of society. The results of this study found that person deixis is used in daily conversations in the Singaraja community such as first person singular, second person singular and possessive pronouns. The research findings state that the type of deixis used is related to the dimensions of the speaker's social class. The social class in question is the difference in class in society


Block, D. (2015). Social class in applied linguistics. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 35(March 2015), 1–19.

Brown, Penelope and Lavinson, S. C. (1987). Politness : Some Universal in Language Usage. Cambridge University Press.

Natalia, Y. Y., & Santoso, I. (2020). Person Deixis and Spatial Deixis of King Dangdut By Rhoma Irama Songs. PROJECT (Professional Journal of English Education), 3(3), 348.

Pangaribuan, R. E., Manik, S., & Pasaribu, T. (2015). Deixis Used on Business Brochures Text: A Pragmatics Study. International Journal of English Linguistics, 5(5), 171–182.

Sari, R. (2015). Deixis analysis through the interaction among the student with different culture. Transformatika, 11(2), 41–48.

Sasmita, R., Hardiah, M., & . E. (2018). an Analysis of Deixis and Its Reference Used By Main Character in “a Thousand Words” Movie Scriptby Steve Koren. Journal of English Education and Teaching, 2(1), 68–75.

Setiakawanti, R. N., & Susanti, E. (2019). Analysis Pragmatic Study on Deixis in the Articles Jakarta Sport. PROJECT (Professional Journal of English Education), 1(6), 757.

Siregar, A. M. P. (2020). Person Dexis in Frozen Movie Script By Sorrow. SALEE: Study of Applied Linguistics and English Education, 1(02), 28–44.

Wibowo, A. I., & Nailufar, N. (2018). Deixis and Its Context Used in “Girl in Pieces” Novel by Kathleen Glasglow. Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa Dan Sastra, 10(2), 73–84.

Zulyanputri, A. K., Indrayani, L. M., & Soemantri, Y. S. (2020). The Correlation between Social Deixis and Social Class in a Speech by Nobel Prize Winners: A Sociopragmatic Study. LET: Linguistics, Literature and English Teaching Journal, 10(1), 23.
How to Cite
VINA WIDIADNYA PUTRI, I Gusti Ayu; WAHYU NUGRAHA PUTRA, I Gusti Bagus; NOVA WINARTA, Ida Bagus Gde. The Correlation Between Person Deixis and Social Class in Singaraja Society. International Seminar on Austronesian Languages and Literature, [S.l.], v. 9, n. 1, p. 326-331, nov. 2021. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 14 july 2024.