DIAGNOSTIC AND INDICATION OF BLOOD TRANSFUSION IN APLASTIC ANEMIA

  • M Rizqa Fauzi

Abstract

Aplastic anemia is a disease caused by a failure of the bone marrow to produce blood cells components resulting anemia with pancytopenia. symptoms will arise according to the blood cells decreased. Aplastic anemia is a rare and severe disease. The International Aplastic anemia and agranulocytosis Study found the incidence of aplastic anemia in Europe about 2 than 1,000,000 per year. Incidents in Asia 2 to 3 times higher than in Europe. In China, the incidence is estimated to 7 cases per 1,000,000 people and in Thailand is estimated to 4 cases per 1,000,000 people. The highest frequency at 15 and 25 years, the second highest peak at age 65 and 69 years. The cause of aplastic anemia majority (50-70%) is unknown. Enforcement of diagnosis based on history, physical examination, laboratory investigations and radiological either. One treatment in aplastic anemia is a blood transfusion. Blood transfusion in aplastic anemia is necessary when haemoglobin levels <7 g / dl and platelet count <20.000/?L.

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Author Biography

M Rizqa Fauzi

Bagian Patologi Klinik Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Udayana/Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat Sanglah Denpasar

How to Cite
FAUZI, M Rizqa. DIAGNOSTIC AND INDICATION OF BLOOD TRANSFUSION IN APLASTIC ANEMIA. E-Jurnal Medika Udayana, [S.l.], p. 997-1012, may 2013. ISSN 2303-1395. Available at: <https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/eum/article/view/5617>. Date accessed: 20 june 2024.

Keywords

aplastic anemia, pancytopenia, haemoglobin, platelet