Glorifying Cultural Scapes to Conflictual Tourismscapes: the Dynamics of Tourism Development in Rural Indonesia

  • Rina Widiastuti Universitas Gadjah Mada
  • Wisma Nugraha Christianto Richardus Graduate School, Universitas Gadjah Mada
  • Budiawan Budiawan Graduate School, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Abstract

This article discusses the cultural village transformation into a tourism village in Bejiharjo, a rural tourism destination in Indonesia. Based on the Actor-Network Theory, Bejiharjo is a space formed in a dynamic network of relationships between actors, both human and non-human actors. Using online media observation, semi-structured interviews, and direct observation, the complexity of the relations between actors in the transformation of rural development that causes aestheticisation, consumerism, translation, place-making, touristification, and cosmopolitanism in Bejiharjo is explored. The findings of this study reveal that, at first, the cultural scapes ordering of Bejiharjo should conserve local cultural values. Then, government regulations on tourism development emerged and encouraged the development of rural areas with the concept of a tourism village. This dynamic and interrelated process triggers competition between individual and group interests and causes chronic conflicts in Bejiharjo.

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Author Biographies

Wisma Nugraha Christianto Richardus, Graduate School, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Dr. Wisma Nugraha Christianto Richardus is a lecturer at the Cultural and Media Studies Program, Graduate School, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia, and an associate professor at the Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada. His research interest is cultural studies, Folklore, Modern Javanese Literature, Oral Literature, Wayang in East Java.

Budiawan Budiawan, Graduate School, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Dr. Budiawan is a lecturer at the Cultural and Media Studies Program, Graduate School, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia. His research interest is Cultural Studies, Lifestyle and Pop Culture, New Media, Postcolonial Studies.

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Published
2022-04-05
How to Cite
WIDIASTUTI, Rina; RICHARDUS, Wisma Nugraha Christianto; BUDIAWAN, Budiawan. Glorifying Cultural Scapes to Conflictual Tourismscapes: the Dynamics of Tourism Development in Rural Indonesia. E-Journal of Tourism, [S.l.], p. 97-112, apr. 2022. ISSN 2407-392X. Available at: <https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/eot/article/view/83518>. Date accessed: 29 june 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.24922/eot.v9i1.83518.
Section
Articles