The Non-observance of Maxims that Trigger Implicature in Cruella Movie (2021)

  • Zakia Rachmah Univeritas Nasional Jakarta Selatan, Indonesia
  • Widya Widya Universitas Nasional Jakarta Selatan, Indonesia
  • Evi Jovita Putri Universitas Nasional Jakarta Selatan, Indonesia

Abstract

This research determines types of non-observance of maxim in influencing the implicatures arose and analyze the implicatures in characters' utterances. This is library research in which the data are collected from a movie script and presented in a qualitative descriptive approach. The subject of this study is the Cruella movie that was released in 2021. The data are obtained by watching, screenshotting the scenes, reading the script and highlighting the utterances. In executing the data, firstly is identifying the data, secondly explaining the context, thirdly examining the non-adherence to the maxim in those utterances, finally analyzing the implicatures based on the context. The main theory used is from Grice in (Yule, 1996) and (Thomas, 2013). Based on the theories used, it was found 4 types of non-observance of maxim: flouting (26), violating (7), suspending (4) and opting out (1). Flouting is the way frequently used by the speaker because the characters had other meanings and or additional meaning to be conveyed in delivering the message indirectly. The maxim frequently not adhered is maxim of quality. Hence, it is found conversational implicature: generalized (8) and particularized (30). According to the implicature, there are some negative values that related to issue of the movie, they are theft, lying, rude sarcasm, killing and sabotage. 

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Author Biographies

Zakia Rachmah, Univeritas Nasional Jakarta Selatan, Indonesia

Univeritas Nasional Jakarta Selatan, Indonesia

Widya Widya, Universitas Nasional Jakarta Selatan, Indonesia

Universitas Nasional Jakarta Selatan, Indonesia

Evi Jovita Putri, Universitas Nasional Jakarta Selatan, Indonesia

Universitas Nasional Jakarta Selatan, Indonesia

References

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Creswell, J. W. (2009). RESEARCH DESIGN Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. In S. Connelly (Ed.), SAGE (3rd ed.). SAGE Publications. https://doi.org/10.2307/1523157
Firoos, M. R. (2020). The Usage of Implicature on Conversation through Social Media “WhatsApp.” Universitas Nasional.
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Igwedibia, A. (2017). Grice’s Conversational Implicature: A Pragmatics Analysis of Selected Poems of Audre Lorde. International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature, 7(1), 120. https://doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijalel.v.7n.1p.120
Levinson, S. C. (1983). Pragmatic (1st ed.). Press Syndicate of the University of Cambrige. https://uogbooks.files.wordpress.com
Motion Picture Association of America, I., & National Association of Theatre Owners, I. (2020). Classification and Rating Rules. National Association of Theatre Owners, Inc. http://filmratings.com/downloads/rating_rules.pdf
Ponniah, G. (2021). Is Cruella Suitable For Children_ _ Screen Rant. Screenrant.Com. https://screenrant.com/cruella-movie-suitable-children-age-rating/
Thomas, J. (2013). MEANING IN INTERACTION, AN INTRODUCTION TO PRAGMATICS (1st ed.). Routledge. https://www.pdfdrive.com/meaning-in-interaction-an-introduction-to-pragmatics-e186528721.html
Yule, G. (1996). Pragmatics (1st ed.). Oxford University Press. https://drive.google.com/file/d/1OcszHnYO7VkWmOwfx7gaRnmKTNCA337f/view?usp=drivesdk
Samosir, G., & Ambalegin. (2022). The Cooperative Principle from Character Utterance in Paper Towns Movie (2015). 16(1), 145–155. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24843/e-jl.2022.v16.i01.p15




Butar, I. S. P. U. B., & Natsir, M. (2016). AN ANALYSIS OF CONVERSATIONAL IMPLICATURE IN * Ines Seri Pinta Uli Butar Butar ** Muhammad Natsir. LINGUISTICA, 5, 1–13. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24114/jalu.v5i2.6429
Creswell, J. W. (2009). RESEARCH DESIGN Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. In S. Connelly (Ed.), SAGE (3rd ed.). SAGE Publications. https://doi.org/10.2307/1523157
Firoos, M. R. (2020). The Usage of Implicature on Conversation through Social Media “WhatsApp.” Universitas Nasional.
I Wayan, B., Nengah Nita, L., & Nengah, R. (2020). Prinsip Kerjasama Maksim Dan Implikatur Pada Seri Filem “Eiffel I’M in Love.” KULTURISTIK: Jurnal Bahasa Dan Budaya, 4(2), 44–50. https://doi.org/10.22225/kulturistik.4.2.1888
Igwedibia, A. (2017). Grice’s Conversational Implicature: A Pragmatics Analysis of Selected Poems of Audre Lorde. International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature, 7(1), 120. https://doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijalel.v.7n.1p.120
Levinson, S. C. (1983). Pragmatic (1st ed.). Press Syndicate of the University of Cambrige. https://uogbooks.files.wordpress.com
Motion Picture Association of America, I., & National Association of Theatre Owners, I. (2020). Classification and Rating Rules. National Association of Theatre Owners, Inc. http://filmratings.com/downloads/rating_rules.pdf
Ponniah, G. (2021). Is Cruella Suitable For Children_ _ Screen Rant. Screenrant.Com. https://screenrant.com/cruella-movie-suitable-children-age-rating/
Thomas, J. (2013). MEANING IN INTERACTION, AN INTRODUCTION TO PRAGMATICS (1st ed.). Routledge. https://www.pdfdrive.com/meaning-in-interaction-an-introduction-to-pragmatics-e186528721.html
Yule, G. (1996). Pragmatics (1st ed.). Oxford University Press. https://drive.google.com/file/d/1OcszHnYO7VkWmOwfx7gaRnmKTNCA337f/view?usp=drivesdk
Samosir, G., & Ambalegin. (2022). The Cooperative Principle from Character Utterance in Paper Towns Movie (2015). 16(1), 145–155. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24843/e-jl.2022.v16.i01.p15
Published
2022-07-31
How to Cite
RACHMAH, Zakia; WIDYA, Widya; PUTRI, Evi Jovita. The Non-observance of Maxims that Trigger Implicature in Cruella Movie (2021). e-Journal of Linguistics, [S.l.], v. 16, n. 2, p. 265--273, july 2022. ISSN 2442-7586. Available at: <https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/eol/article/view/88932>. Date accessed: 26 nov. 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.24843/e-jl.2022.v16.i02.p15.
Section
Articles