Aplikasi Metode SRI (System Rice of Intensification) dan Sistem Tanam Jajar Legowo Terhadap Iklim Mikro yang Mempengaruhi Produktivitas Padi Beras Merah

  • Paul Ludgerius Rusman Pita Prodi. Teknik Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Universitas Udayana, Badung, Bali, Indonesia
  • Sumiyati - - Prodi. Teknik Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Universitas Udayana, Badung, Bali, Indonesia
  • I Made Nada Prodi. Teknik Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Universitas Udayana, Badung, Bali, Indonesia

Abstract

This research was carried out to know the result of the application method system of rice intensification (SRI) which was combined with rice planting system legowo in raw toward micro climate which influence the productivity of red rice. These research was consist of 6 treatments, they were : K0 (the treatment which appropriated to local farmers custom), K1 (SRI method), K2 (SRI method combined with legowo 4:1 inserting), K3 (SRI method combined with legowo 4:1 without inserting), K4 (SRI method combined with legowo 6:1 inserting), and K5 (SRI method with legowo 6:1 without inserting). This treatment study was repeated 3 times. Parameters observed were : relativity of humidity, temperature, intensity of sun shine, the length of stalk, the weight of rice in a clump, percentage pure rice, the weight of 1000 pure rice, the number of young plants in a clump, the number of young plants and each productivity. The outcome of this research shown that the application of SRI method combined with legowo 4:1 without inserting got more intensity of sun shine and the highest temperature, while the application of K0 had the highest relativity weakness. Application SRI method with legowo 6:1 without inserting produced the highest product in average per width of area, there were 7,48 ton/ ha, comparing with other applications.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Anonim. 2000. Buku Pedoman Pengamatan Meteorologi pada pos Kerjasama. Departemen Perhubungan Badan Meteorologi dan Geofisika. Jakarta.

Hamzah, Z. dan Atman. 2000. Pemberian Pupuk SP36 dan System Tanam Padi Sawah Varietas Cisokan. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Hasil Penelitian dan Pengkajian Pertanian. Buku I. Puslitbang Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Bogor; 89-92 hlm.

Hatta, M. 2012. Jarak tanam sistem legowo terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil beberapa varietas padi pada metode SRI. Jurnal Agrista 16:87-93.

Kurniasih, B.A., S. Fatimah, D.A. Purnawati. 2008. Karakteristik perakaran tanaman padi sawah IR64 (Oryza sativa L.) pada umur bibit dan jarak tanam yang berbeda. JurnalIlmuPertanian 15(1):15-25.

Lin, XQ, D.F. Zhu, H.Z. Chen, and Y.P. Zhang. 2009. Effects of plant density and nitrogen application rate on grain yield and nitrogen uptake of super hybrid rice. Rice Science 16(2):138-142.

Masdar, Musliar. K, Bujang R., Nurhajati H., Helmi. 2005. Tingkat hasil dan komponen hasil sistem intensifikasi padi (SRI) tanpa pupuk organik di daerah curah hujan tinggi. Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia 8 (2):126-131

Sohel M. A. T., M. A. B. Siddique, M. Asaduzzaman, M. N. Alam, & M.M. Karim, 2009.Varietal Performance of Transplant Aman Rice Under Different Hill Densities. Bangladesh J. Agril. Res. 34(1): 33 – 39. Diakses 10 April 2014.

Sudaryono, 2004. Pengaruh naungan terhadap perubahan iklim mikro pada budidaya tanaman tembakau rakyat. Ejurnal penelitian pusat pengkajian dan penerapan teknologi lingkungan badan pengkajian dan penerapan teknologi.

Suwena, Made. 2002. Peningkatan produktivitas lahan dalam sistem pertanian akrab lingkungan.

Widjayanti, E. 2004. Potensi Dan Prospek Pangan Fungsional Indigenous Indonesia. Disampaikan Pada Seminar Nasional Pangan Fungsional Indigenous Indonesia: Potensi, Regulasi Keamanan, Efikasi Dan Peluang Pasar. Bandung, 6-7 Oktober 2004.

Windia, W. 2012. Pengusahaan Agroekowisata sebagai upaya Commnity Development dan Peningkatan Kemampuan Pendapatan (Income Generating Capacity) Sistem Subak. Laporan Penelitian PENPRINAS MP3EI 2011-2025. Universitas Udayana. Bali.

Wu, H., J. Pratley, D. Leemerle, and T. Haig. 1999. Crop cultivars with allelopathic capability. Weed Res.39:171-180.
Published
2016-03-01
How to Cite
RUSMAN PITA, Paul Ludgerius; -, Sumiyati -; NADA, I Made. Aplikasi Metode SRI (System Rice of Intensification) dan Sistem Tanam Jajar Legowo Terhadap Iklim Mikro yang Mempengaruhi Produktivitas Padi Beras Merah. Jurnal BETA (Biosistem dan Teknik Pertanian), [S.l.], v. 4, n. 1, mar. 2016. ISSN 2502-3012. Available at: <https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/beta/article/view/19189>. Date accessed: 24 sep. 2020.
Section
Articles

Keywords

SRI, Legowo, Micro Climate, Productvity