Women and Men Linguistic Features in the First Presidential Debate Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump in 2016

  • Ashari Jamangantar Siregar English Department, Faculty of Arts, Udayana University Denpasar, Indonesia
  • I Made Suastra English Department, Faculty of Arts, Udayana University Denpasar, Indonesia


This undergraduate thesis entitled Women and Men Linguistic Features in The First Presidential Debate Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump in 2016 was aimed at analyzing the women linguistic features represented by Clinton utterances based on Lakoff (1975) theory and men linguistic features represented by Trump based on Coates (2003) theory and at investigating the implication of the dominant women and men linguistic features. The data were taken from the debate video of NBC YouTube channel and its transcript is taken from the Washington Post website. The method used in collecting data was the documentary method applying the note-taking technique. The qualitative and quantitative method was applied in analyzing the data. In presenting the analysis, formal and informal methods were used. The analysis results showed that there seven features of ten women linguistic features discovered in this study; they were lexical hedges, rising intonation on declarative, empty adjectives, intensive adverbs, hypercorrect grammar, super polite forms, and emphatic stress whereas features such as tag questions, avoidance of strong swear words and precise color terms were not found in this study. In this study, there are only three of four men linguistic features such as stereotypically masculine topics, great attention to details, elaborate use of taboo words whereas men only features were not used in Trump utterances. And the dominant features found in Clinton utterances were emphatic stress while in Trump, the dominant feature was great attention to details.


Download data is not yet available.


Blake, Aaron. (2016). The First Trump-Clinton Presidential Debate Transcript [Internet]. The Washington Post, Washington. Available from: https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the- fix/wp/2016/09/26/the-first-trump-clinton- presidential-debate-transcript annotated/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.cf47 461c6077 [Accessed on 23 June 2018]
Coates, Jennifer. (2003). Men Talk: Stories in the Making of Masculinities. Blackwell, Malden.
Coates, Jennifer. (2004). Women, Men, and Language 3RD Edition. Routledge, New York.
Creswell, John W. (2013). Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design: Choosing Among Five Approaches. Sage, Lincoln.
Dharma Sanjaya, Ida Bagus Gede. (2018). Women‟s Language In “The Nanny Diaries” Movie (Thesis). Udayana University, Denpasar.
Exit Polls 2016. [Internet]. Available From: https://edition.cnn.com/election/2016/results /exit-polls [Accessed on 23 December 2018]
Holmes, Janet. (2013). An Introduction to Sociolinguistics. Routledge, New York.
Kasni, Ni Wayan & Budiarta, I Wayan (2017). Balinese Women and Men and Their Language. International Journal of Linguistics. Vol. 9, No. 5, October, 247-260.
Lakoff, Robin. (1975). Language and Woman’s
Place. Cambridge University Press, England.
Owen, Patricia R &Padron, Monica. (2016). The Language of Toys: Gendered Language in Toy Advertisements. Journal of Research on Women and Gender. 6, 67-80.
Dictionaries [Internet]. Available from: https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/ debate [Accessed on 25 June 2018]
Presidential Debate. 1. The First Presidential Debate Hillary Clinton And Donald Trump Full Debate. (2016). NBC, Hofstra University, New York, 26 September, [Video: Internet]. Available from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=855Am 6ovK7s [Accessed on 23 June 2018]
Sari Dewi, Ni Putu Erna Meryanti. (2017). The Features of Men‟s and Women‟s Language In The Movie Camp Rock 2: Final Jam (Thesis). Udayana University, Denpasar.
Struyk, Ryan. (2016). The First Presidential Debate: By the Numbers. [Internet] The ABC News, Washington DC. Available from: https://abcnews.go.com/Politics/presidential -debate- numbers/story?id=42401099[Accessed on 02 February 2019]
Wulandari, Putu Jayanti. (2015). The Analysis of Men‟s and Women‟s Linguistic Feature in OZ the Great and Powerful Movie Script (Thesis). Udayana University, Denpasar.
How to Cite
JAMANGANTAR SIREGAR, Ashari; SUASTRA, I Made. Women and Men Linguistic Features in the First Presidential Debate Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump in 2016. Udayana Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (UJoSSH), [S.l.], v. 4, n. 1, p. 1-5, feb. 2020. ISSN 2621-9107. Available at: <https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/UJoSSH/article/view/62088>. Date accessed: 09 aug. 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.24843/UJoSSH.2020.v04.i01.p01.