Daily activity of sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) and bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) in Bali Zoo, Gianyar

  • Putu Laksmi Candra Dewi Universitas Udayana
  • Luh Putu Eswaryanti Kusuma Yuni Program Studi Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Udayana
  • Ni Luh Watiniasih Program Studi Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Udayana

Abstract

Bali Zoo is an ex-situ conservation institution for various species of animals, including the bengal tiger and the sumatran tiger. Both species are included in the IUCN list with endangered status for the bengal tiger and critical status for the sumatran tiger. This study aimed to determine the daily activities of the two species of tigers at the Bali Zoo. Daily activity data collection was conducted by using focal animal sampling method, recording activities was conducted by using the instantaneous recording method on 30 second time interval within 30 minutes. The data collection was undertaken in morning, midday, and afternoon. Both tiger species allocated most of their time for resting. Sumatran tigers allocated 64,69 ± 2,52% of their time for resting, 31,32 ± 2,46% for moving, 2,72 ± 0,40% for grooming, 0,37 ± 0,08% for urinating 0,33 ± 0.11% for eating, 0,31 ± 0,07% for drinking, and 0,26 ± 0,08% for social activities. For the bengal tigers, they allocated 68,23 ± 2,20% of their time for resting, 24,14 ± 1,99% for moving, 3,54 ± 0,34% for social activities, 2,23 ± 0,29% for grooming, 0,39 ± 0,08% for urinating, 0,39 ± 0,09% for drinking, and 0,08 ± 0,18% for eating. Very low proportion of pacing activity was recorded in both species in which indicated that they felt comfortable in their captivity.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Bhagavatula J, Singh L. 2006. Genotyping Faecal Samples of Bengal Tiger Panthera tigris tigris for Population Estimation: A Pilot Study. Journal of BioMed Central Genetic. 7(84).
Brakefield T. 1993. Kingdom of Might: The World’s Big Cats. Voyageur Press. Hong Kong.
Farida WR, Perdana A, Diapari D, Tjakradidjaja AS. 2005. Aktivitas yang Berhubungan dengan Perilaku Makan Oposum Layang (Petaurus breviceps) di Penangkaran pada Malam Hari. Jurnal Biodiversitas 6(4): 259-262.
Fatimah DN. 2012. Aktivitas Harian dan Perilaku Menelisik (Grooming) Owa Jawa (Hylobates moloch Audebert, 1798) Di Taman Nasional Gunung Halimun Salak, Provinsi Jawa Barat. Skripsi. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor.
Ganesa A, Aunurohim. 2012. Perilaku Harian Harimau Sumatera (Panthera tigris sumatrae) dalam Konservasi Ex-situ Kebun Binatang Surabaya. Jurnal Sains dan Seni ITS 1(1): 48-53.
Kitchener A, Dugmore A. 2000. Biogeographical Change in the Tiger, Panthera tigris. Animal Conservation 3(2): 113-124.
Resende L, Gabriella S. 2009. The Influence of Feeding Enrichment on the Behavior of Small Fields (Calivornia: Felidae) in Captivity. Zoologia 26(4): 601-605.
Semiadi G, Nugraha RTP. 2006. Profil Reproduksi Harimau Sumatera (Panthera tigris sumatrae) pada Tingkat Penangkaran. Jurnal Biodiversitas 7(4): 368-371.
Siswanto. 2017. Pencernaan. Diktat Fisiologi Veteriner II. Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan. Universitas Udayana.
Soehartono T, Wibisono HT, Sunarto, Martyr D, Susilo HD, Maddox T, Priatna D. 2007. Strategi dan Rencana Aksi Konservasi Harimau Sumatera (Panthera tigris sumatrae). Peraturan Menteri Kehutanan: P.42/Menhut-II/2007.
Sumarto. S. dan R. Koneri. 2016. Ekologi Hewan. CV. Patra Media Grafindo. Bandung.
Yolanda Y, Rusdi R, Supriyani A. 2017. Kajian Kesejahteraan Harimau Sumatera pada Konservasi Ex-situ di Taman Margasatwa Ragunan dan Taman Margasatwa Bandung. Jurnal Bioma 13(2): 100 – 107.
Published
2021-12-22
How to Cite
DEWI, Putu Laksmi Candra; YUNI, Luh Putu Eswaryanti Kusuma; WATINIASIH, Ni Luh. Daily activity of sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) and bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) in Bali Zoo, Gianyar. Jurnal Biologi Udayana, [S.l.], v. 25, n. 2, p. 189-196, dec. 2021. ISSN 2599-2856. Available at: <https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/BIO/article/view/76988>. Date accessed: 29 june 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.24843/JBIOUNUD.2021.v25.i02.p11.