RSSI Measurement Analysis of Zigbee-Based Wireless Sensor Networks in Various Topologies for Solar Panel Monitoring

  • Dodi Setiabudi Universitas Jember
  • Daris Irfan Atmaja Universitas Jember
  • Dedy Wahyu Herdiyanto Universitas Jember
  • Gamma Aditya Rahardi Universitas Jember

Abstract

Abstract Solar panels require performance monitoring when energy shortages occur in the area. Monitoring solar panels requires a detection device to detect solar panels, including the ACS712 current sensor for monitoring the output current of the solar panel, a DC voltage sensor for monitoring battery performance, and a DHT11 temperature sensor for monitoring the temperature of the solar panel storage battery. The WSN technology that can work is ZigBee communication. This ZigBee communication research uses various topology methods, including star, tree, and mesh topologies. Solar panel monitoring tests are carried out indoors and outdoors. The ZigBee communication device used is the XBee S2C device, which operates at a frequency of 2.4 GHz. From a comparison of various topologies, the mesh topology is a topology with good performance because it has the characteristic of choosing a router with the fastest path to reach the coordinator. It is proven by monitoring solar panels with an optimal distance of 80 m, which is carried out from outdoors with an RSSI value of -84 dBm, a throughput of 0.55 kbps, and a delay of 2.77 ms, producing power for 150 minutes with an average current of 0.14 A, voltage of 9.86 V, and temperature of 31.48°C. The number of disturbances and weather conditions greatly affect signal propagation, which can hamper the data transmission process. Throughput fluctuates due to uncertain weather conditions, and delay fluctuates due to a lot of interference from other radio signals.


Keyworrds— Wireless Sensor Nirbael (WSN), RSSI, ZigBee, Panel Surya, Thinger.IO

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

[1] Akhriana. A, Irsal. I, Hidayat. M. I, & Inkasari. I, “Analysis of Data Delivery on Wireless Sensor Networks Using XBEE and Wemos Modules,” Scientific Journal of Electrical Engineering, 7(1), 33–39, 2020.
[2] Alhamri. R. Z, Dianta. A. F, & Cinderatama. T. A, “Performance of ZigBee Technology in Wireless Sensor Networks for Freshwater Fish Pond Dewatering Systems,” INOVTEK Polbeng - Seri Informatika, 4(2), 132, 2019.
[3] D. Setiabudi, D. W. Herdiyanto, A. Kurniawan, W. Muldayani, A. R. Chaidir and G. A. Rahardi, “Design Of Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) System Using Point To Point And Waiting Protocol Methods For Solar Panel Monitoring,” International Conference on Electrical Engineering, Computer and Information Technology (ICEECIT), 232-240, 2022.
[4] D. W. Herdiyanto, G. A. Rahardi, E. Fiqrilinia, A. R. Chaidir, D. Setiabudi and A. M. Nanda Imron, “Prototype of Building Monitoring System Using Vibration Sensor Based on Wireless Sensor Network,” International Conference on Electrical Engineering, Computer and Information Technology (ICEECIT), 215-221, 2022.
[5] Fachri. M. R, Sara. I. D, & Away. Y, “Arduino-Based Solar Panel Parameter Monitoring in Real Time,” Jurnal Rekayasa Elektrika, 11(4), 123, 2015.
[6] Hartawan. I. N. B, & Desnanjaya. I. G. M. N, “Performance Analysis of the Zigbee Protocol Indoors and Outdoors as Data Communication Media in Wireless Sensor Networks,” Jurnal RESISTOR (Computer Systems Engineering), 65–72, 2018.
[7] H. Fitriawan, Roviq Cholifatul Rohman, Herlinawati. S. P, ”RSSI Measurement of ZigBee-Based Wireless Sensor Networks on Various Topologies,” Jurnal Rekayasa Elektrika, 13(36), 152–160, 2020.
[8] Lee. J. L, Tyan. Y. Y, Wen. M. H, & Wu. Y. W, “Applying a ZigBee wireless sensor and control network for bridge safety monitoring,” Advances in Mechanical Engineering, 10(7), 1–8, 2018.
[9] Rachman. F. Z, “Implementation of Wireless Sensor Networks Using Zigbee in Baby Incubator Tube Monitoring,” National Journal of Electrical Engineering, 5(2), 207, 2016.
[10] Sella. A, Ariansyah. M. A, Setiawan. O, & Ocsirendi. S, “Proceedings of The National Seminar Receive Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI) In Swarm,” Proceedings of the National Seminar on Applied Technology Innovation’22, 2022, pp. 226-231.
[11] Shrestha. S, & Shakya. S, “Technical Analysis of ZigBee Wireless Communication,” Journal of Trends in Computer Science and Smart Technology, 2(4), 197–203, 2021.
[12] Dwikiarta. I. M. S, Sastra. N. P, & Wiharta. D. M, “Wireless Sensor Network Performance for Smart Building Models,” Electro Technology Scientific Magazine (MITE), 20(2), 211, 2021.
[13] Sutikno. T, Alfahri. J, & Purnama. H. S, “Monitoring Voltage and Current on Solar Panels Using IoT,” Electro Technology Scientific Magazine (MITE), 22(1), 153, 2023.
[14] Amalina. E. N, Setijadi. E, & Suwadi, “Comparison of WSN (Wireless Sensor Network) Topologies for Bridge Monitoring Systems,” Prosiding Csgteis, 22(1), 153. 2013.
[15] Astiti. N. M. E. P, Diafari. I. G. A. K., & Er. I, “Analysis of the Influence of the Number of Devices on the Performance of the Zigbee Standard on WSN for Smart Building Applications,” 2(3), 79–85. 2015.
[16] Chen. T. S, Chang. C. Y, Chen. Y. S, Of. N. N, Of. N. N, At. O. R. K., Of. N. N, & Rachman. T, “Wireless Sensor Networking Wireless Multimedia Sensor Networks,” Journal of Internet Technology 6(1), 2005.
[17] Dargie. W & Poellabauer. C, Fundamentals of Wireless Sensor Networks: Theory and Practice. United Kingdom: A John Wiley and Sons, Ltd., Publication, 2011.
[18] Haque. K. F, Abdelgawad. A., & Yelamarthi. K, “Comprehensive Performance Analysis of Zigbee Communication: An Experimental Approach with XBee S2C Module,” 22(9), 2022.
[19] Kurniawan. G. W, Agung. I. G. A. P. R, & Rahardjo. P, “Design and Build a Solar Panel Monitoring System Based on the Internet of Things,” Electro Technology Scientific Magazine (MITE), 22(1), 133, 2023.
[20] Lu. F, “The ZigBee Based Wireless Sensor and Actor Network in Intelligent Space Oriented to Home Service Robot,” Int’l J. of Communications, Network and System Sciences, 05(05), 280–285, 2012.
Published
2024-01-24
How to Cite
SETIABUDI, Dodi et al. RSSI Measurement Analysis of Zigbee-Based Wireless Sensor Networks in Various Topologies for Solar Panel Monitoring. Majalah Ilmiah Teknologi Elektro, [S.l.], v. 22, n. 2, p. 255-264, jan. 2024. ISSN 2503-2372. Available at: <https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/jte/article/view/104180>. Date accessed: 13 apr. 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.24843/MITE.2023.v22i02.P14.