LED lights of various colors for comprehending the photoelectric effects phenomena

  • Soni Prayogi Universitas pertamina
  • Fitria Silviana Institut William Iskandar

Abstract

In this project, a tool that can explain phenomena involving the photoelectric effect at laboratory scales is being developed. The purpose of this tool is to help users understand that the photoelectric effect, which causes electrons to move from a source of a negative voltage to a source of positive voltage, is not affected by light intensity but rather by a light source's frequency and wavelength. A photodiode is employed in the creation of this device as a light sensor, and when exposed to light, it moves electrons from the cathode to the anode, causing an electric current to flow. The voltage is delivered to the cathode, which is where the electrons leave, to calculate the stopping voltage. A graph showing the connection between the ADC value and the sensor output voltage is produced from the ongoing data gathering. Our results show that each color spectrum has a distinct voltage supplied to the photodiode leg (cathode). Additionally, the output voltage measured for each distinct wavelength was decreased the lower the photodiode's light intensity was. 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

[1] A. Checchetti and A. Fantini, “Experimental Determination of Planck’s constant using Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) and Photoelectric Effect,” World Journal of Chemical Education, vol. 3, no. 4, Art. no. 4, Aug. 2015, doi: 10.12691/wjce-3-4-2.
[2] J. P. Colinge and C. A. Colinge, Eds., “Quantum-effect Devices,” in Physics of Semiconductor Devices, Boston, MA: Springer US, 2002, pp. 331–362. doi: 10.1007/0-306-47622-3_10.
[3] J. F. Waymouth, “History of Light Sources,” in Handbook of Advanced Lighting Technology, R. Karlicek, C.-C. Sun, G. Zissis, and R. Ma, Eds., Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2017, pp. 3–40. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-00176-0_1.
[4] S. Prayogi, Y. Cahyono, I. Iqballudin, M. Stchakovsky, and D. Darminto, “The effect of adding an active layer to the structure of a-Si: H solar cells on the efficiency using RF-PECVD,” J Mater Sci: Mater Electron, vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 7609–7618, Mar. 2021, doi: 10.1007/s10854-021-05477-6.
[5] D. H. Dowell et al., “Cathode R&D for future light sources,” Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, vol. 622, no. 3, pp. 685–697, Oct. 2010, doi: 10.1016/j.nima.2010.03.104.
[6] D. Darminto et al., “Unrevealing tunable resonant excitons and correlated plasmons and their coupling in new amorphous carbon-like for highly efficient photovoltaic devices,” Sci Rep, vol. 13, no. 1, Art. no. 1, May 2023, doi: 10.1038/s41598-023-31552-5.
[7] M. Mõttus, M. Sulev, F. Baret, R. Lopez-Lozano, and A. Reinart, “Photosynthetically Active Radiation: Measurementphotosynthesis/photosynthetic(ally)active radiation (PAR)measurementand Modelingphotosynthesis/photosynthetic(ally)active radiation (PAR)modeling,” in Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology, R. A. Meyers, Ed., New York, NY: Springer, 2012, pp. 7902–7932. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4419-0851-3_451.
[8] A. C. Parr, “The Candela and Photometric and Radiometric Measurements,” J Res Natl Inst Stand Technol, vol. 106, no. 1, pp. 151–186, 2001, doi: 10.6028/jres.106.007.
[9] F. B. Effah, P. Gasu, P. Okyere, and A. Acakpovi, “Harmonics of CF and LED lamps - Maximum Penetration Perspective on Power Quality in Distribution Systems,” JNTE, pp. 171–181, Nov. 2020, doi: 10.25077/jnte.v9n3.795.2020.
[10] S. Prayogi et al., “Observation of resonant exciton and correlated plasmon yielding correlated plexciton in amorphous silicon with various hydrogen content,” Sci Rep, vol. 12, no. 1, Art. no. 1, Dec. 2022, doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-24713-5.
[11] M. W. Burke, “Lighting II: Sources,” in Image Acquisition, M. W. Burke, Ed., Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 1996, pp. 127–283. doi: 10.1007/978-94-009-0069-1_2.
[12] S. Prayogi, Y. Cahyono, and D. Darminto, “Electronic structure analysis of a-Si: H p-i1-i2-n solar cells using ellipsometry spectroscopy,” Opt Quant Electron, vol. 54, no. 11, p. 732, Sep. 2022, doi: 10.1007/s11082-022-04044-5.
[13] E. S. Wahyuni, Z. Iqbal, and D. Farahiya, “Detection of Human Movement Direction Using Optical Flow Analisys on Multiple Camera Angles,” JNTE, Jul. 2021, doi: 10.25077/jnte.v10n2.924.2021.
[14] D. Hamdani, S. Prayogi, Y. Cahyono, G. Yudoyono, and D. Darminto, “The Effects of Dopant Concentration on the Performances of the a-SiOx:H(p)/a-Si:H(i1)/a-Si:H(i2)/µc-Si:H(n) Heterojunction Solar Cell,” International Journal of Renewable Energy Development, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 173–181, Feb. 2022, doi: 10.14710/ijred.2022.40193.
[15] J. P. Colinge and C. A. Colinge, Eds., “Theory of Electrical Conduction,” in Physics of Semiconductor Devices, Boston, MA: Springer US, 2002, pp. 51–72. doi: 10.1007/0-306-47622-3_2.
[16] S. Prayogi, “Silikon Kristal vs Silikon Amorf: Perbedaan Struktural dalam Aplikasi Fotovoltaik,” Jurnal Teknik AMATA, vol. 3, no. 2, Art. no. 2, Dec. 2022, doi: 10.55334/jtam.v3i2.303.
[17] M. A. Afandi, I. Hikmah, and C. Agustinah, “Microcontroller-based Artificial Lighting to Help Growth the Seedling Pakcoy,” JNTE, Nov. 2021, doi: 10.25077/jnte.v10n3.943.2021.
[18] I. K. Wijaya, “Effect of Enhanced Air Temperature (extreme heat), and Load of Non-Linear Against the Use of Electric Power,” Majalah Ilmiah Teknologi Elektro, vol. 14, no. 2, Art. no. 2, Dec. 2016, doi: 10.24843/MITE.2015.v14i02p12.
[19] G. Schirripa Spagnolo, F. Leccese, and M. Leccisi, “LED as Transmitter and Receiver of Light: A Simple Tool to Demonstration Photoelectric Effect,” Crystals, vol. 9, no. 10, Art. no. 10, Oct. 2019, doi: 10.3390/cryst9100531.
[20] I. N. Hakim, A. L. Amdrian, A. B. Pradana, and A. N. I. Wardana, “Pengembangan Electronic Load Controller untuk Self-Excited Induction Generator Berbasis Penyearah Tiga Fase Menggunakan Raspberry Pi,” JNTE, pp. 159–170, Nov. 2020, doi: 10.25077/jnte.v9n3.802.2020.
[21] S. Prayogi, A. Ayunis, Y. Cahyono, and D. Darminto, “N-type H2-doped amorphous silicon layer for solar-cell application,” Mater Renew Sustain Energy, Apr. 2023, doi: 10.1007/s40243-023-00232-9.
[22] L. A. Kosyachenko, “Possibilities to decrease the absorber thickness reducing optical and recombination losses in CdS/CdTe solar cells,” Mater Renew Sustain Energy, vol. 2, no. 3, p. 14, Jun. 2013, doi: 10.1007/s40243-013-0014-1.
[23] I. M. A. Nugraha, P. A. Ridhana, and K. Listuayu, “Optimalisasi Pemasangan Panel Solar Home Sistem Untuk Kehidupan Masyarakat Pedesaan DiBan4kubu Karangasem,” Majalah Ilmiah Teknologi Elektro, vol. 17, no. 1, Art. no. 1, May 2018, doi: 10.24843/MITE.2018.v17i01.P16.
[24] P. A. Addo, L. Dwomoh, and C. Ofori, “Automatic Maintenance Alert System for Heavy Duty Haulage Machines,” JNTE, Jul. 2022, doi: 10.25077/jnte.v11n2.1002.2022.
[25] Z. Zainuddin, M. Syukri, S. Prayogi, and S. Luthfia, “Implementation of Engineering Everywhere in Physics LKPD Based on STEM Approach to Improve Science Process Skills,” Jurnal Pendidikan Sains Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Science Education), vol. 10, no. 2, Art. no. 2, Apr. 2022, doi: 10.24815/jpsi.v10i2.23130.
[26] S. Ghufron and S. Prayogi, “Cooling System in Machine Operation at Gas Engine Power Plant at PT Multidaya Prima Elektrindo,” Journal of Artificial Intelligence and Digital Business (RIGGS), vol. 1, no. 2, Art. no. 2, 2023, doi: 10.31004/riggs.v1i2.21.
[27] D. Hamdani, S. Prayogi, Y. Cahyono, G. Yudoyono, and D. Darminto, “The influences of the front work function and intrinsic bilayer (i1, i2) on p-i-n based amorphous silicon solar cell’s performances: A numerical study,” Cogent Engineering, vol. 9, no. 1, p. 2110726, Dec. 2022, doi: 10.1080/23311916.2022.2110726.
[28] S. Prayogi, F. Silviana, and T. Hamid, “Analysis of the process of coloring objects based on the optical properties of objects,” Cakrawala Jurnal Ilmiah Bidang Sains, vol. 1, no. 2, Art. no. 2, Jan. 2023, doi: 10.28989/cakrawala.v1i2.1405.
[29] S. Wardoyo, T. Ryadi, and R. Fahrizal, “Analisis Performa File Transport Protocol Pada Perbandingan Metode IPv4 Murni, IPv6 Murni dan Tunneling 6to4 Berbasis Router Mikrotik,” JNTE, vol. 3, no. 2, Art. no. 2, Sep. 2014, doi: 10.25077/jnte.v3n2.74.2014.
[30] J. P. Sharma and H. R. Kamath, “Fuzzy Logic Controller Based Distributed Generation Integration Strategy for Stochastic Performance Improvement,” Advances in Electrical Engineering, vol. 2016, p. e9760538, Nov. 2016, doi: 10.1155/2016/9760538.
[31] S. Mulyanti, W. Sukmawati, and N. E. H. Tarkin, “Development of items in Acid-Base Identification Experiments Using Natural Materials: Validity Test with Rasch Model Analysis,” Phenomenon : Jurnal Pendidikan MIPA, vol. 12, no. 1, Art. no. 1, Oct. 2022, doi: 10.21580/phen.2022.12.1.10703.
[32] M. Toh-arlim, A. Ma’arif, and A. A. Nuryono, “Desain Sistem Pengukuran Parameter dan Keamanan Penerangan Jalan Umum Tenaga Surya Berbasis Internet of Thing (IoT),” Majalah Ilmiah Teknologi Elektro, vol. 20, no. 2, Art. no. 2, Dec. 2021, doi: 10.24843/MITE.2021.v20i02.P18.
[33] S. Prayogi, “Thin Layer Deposition of a-Si: H n-Type Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon using PECVD,” Journal of Science and Informatics for Society (JSIS), vol. 1, no. 1, Art. no. 1, Feb. 2023.
Published
2024-01-24
How to Cite
PRAYOGI, Soni; SILVIANA, Fitria. LED lights of various colors for comprehending the photoelectric effects phenomena. Majalah Ilmiah Teknologi Elektro, [S.l.], v. 22, n. 2, p. 243-248, jan. 2024. ISSN 2503-2372. Available at: <https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/jte/article/view/102835>. Date accessed: 13 apr. 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.24843/MITE.2023.v22i02.P12.