PHYTOREMEDIATION OF MERCURY CONTAMINATED SOILS IN A SMALL SCALE ARTISANAL GOLD MINING REGION OF INDONESIA

  • Kokyo Oh Center for Environmental Science in Saitama
  • Sachiko Takahi Faculty of Education and Human Studies of Akita University
  • Sri Wedhastri Graduate School of Biotechnology of Gadjah Mada University
  • Hardita Librasanti Sudarmawan Dept. of Agricultural Microbiology, Fac. of Agriculture of Gadjah Mada University
  • Retno Rosariastuti Sebelas Maret Universty
  • Irfan Dwidya Prijambada Graduate School of Biotechnology of Gadjah Mada University

Abstract

In the small gold mining regions of Indonesia, the tailings or waste water containing mercury commonly may be released into agricultural lands resultimg soil contamination. Phytoremediation is a low-cost and environmental friendly alternative to traditional techniques such as soil heating, soil removal, and soil washing. In this study, a sweet sorghum combined with the inoculation of a rhizobacteria, Agrobacterium tumefaciens, was tested in a field experiment with mercury contaminated soil from a small scale gold mining. Plant growth, uptake and accumulation of mercury by the sweet sorghum, and effects of the Agrobacterium tumefaciens inoculation on mercury accumulation were investigated. The average of mercury content in the soil was 3.76 mg/kg. The results showed that the sorghum grew well, and the inoculation of Agrobacterium tumefaciens promoted the plant growth, but did not increased the mercury concentration in both root and stem parts of the sorghum. The accumulation of mercury was 6.2?/plant for sorghum without Agrobacterium tumefaciens, and 14.0?/plant for sorghum with Agrobacterium tumefaciens. It was estimated that the phytoremediation efficiency of mercury was 414 and 934 mg/ha for sweet sorghum without Agrobacterium tumefaciens inoculation and with Agrobacterium tumefaciens inoculation, respectively.

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How to Cite
OH, Kokyo et al. PHYTOREMEDIATION OF MERCURY CONTAMINATED SOILS IN A SMALL SCALE ARTISANAL GOLD MINING REGION OF INDONESIA. International Journal of Biosciences and Biotechnology, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 1, jan. 2016. ISSN 2655-9994. Available at: <https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/jbb/article/view/18672>. Date accessed: 11 july 2020.
Section
Articles

Keywords

Soil contamination; mercury; phytoremediation; sweet sorghum; Indonesia