OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDER

  • Revathee Ramasamy
  • Wayan Westa
  • Nyoman Ratep

Abstract

Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by intrusive thoughts that produce uneasiness, apprehension, fear, or worry, by repetitive behaviors aimed at reducing the associated anxiety, or by a combination of such obsessions and compulsions. OCD sufferers generally recognize their obsessions and compulsions as irrational, and may become further distressed by this realization. An Epidemiological Catchment Area (ECA) study showed a lifetime prevalence of OCD of 2.5%. Biological, psychological and psychosocial all play a role in causing the disorder. A diagnosis of OCD is drawn from its clinical presentations. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV- TR) is used to aid the diagnosis of OCD. Therapies for OCD are in the form of psychotherapy and psychopharmacology. OCD symptoms persist at moderate levels even following adequate treatment course and a completely symptom-free period is uncommon.

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Author Biographies

Revathee Ramasamy
Medical Student Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Denpasar
Wayan Westa
Department of Psychiatric Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University/Sanglah Hospital, Denpasar

Nyoman Ratep
Department of Psychiatric Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University/Sanglah Hospital, Denpasar

How to Cite
RAMASAMY, Revathee; WESTA, Wayan; RATEP, Nyoman. OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDER. Bali Journal of Medical and Health Sciences, [S.l.], june 2013. Available at: <https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/emu/article/view/5648>. Date accessed: 19 sep. 2020.
Section
Original Articles

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