Study on Implementation of Limited Protection Rules For Banggai Cardinalfish (Pterapogon kauderni) Which Is Transported Through The Province of Bali

  • I KETUT WIJA NEGARA
  • Ni Desak Nyoman Pradnyani Fish Quarantine and Inspection Agency of Denpasar
  • Diah Ayu Safitri Airlangga University

Abstract

The Banggai cardinalfish (Pterapogon kauderni) is a species of ornamental fish endemic to the Banggai Archipelago, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. The high level of exploitation has caused the population of the proud fish to decline. The government seeks conservation by issuing KEPMEN KP Number 49 of 2018 concerning the Protection Status of Banggai cardinalfish. The purpose of this study/research is to determine the effectiveness of implementation after the policy is issued. Bali is one of the exit points for the export trade of the Banggai cardinalfish commodity. Banggai cardinalfish export from Bali in 2019-2020 only reached 60 thousand, increasing to 111 thousand fish with a frequency of 303 export data in 2021. Export destinations are the United Kingdom, France, China, Taiwan, Hongkong, Denmark, Netherlands, Brazil, Poland, and Germany. Banggai cardinalfish in its trade must be free from disease infections, listed in the Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries of the Republic of Indonesia No. 17 of 2021. Commodities must be examined by checking for types of quarantine fish diseases, namely Megalocytivirus infection. The prevalence value of Megalocytivirus or Banggai Cardinal Iridovirus (BCIV) from Banggai cardinalfish to exporters in Bali in 2020 was 1.49 and in 2021 it was 4.10. The current condition of the Banggai fishery in its utilization must meet the requirements attached to the Indonesian Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Decree No. 21 of 2021 regarding quotas, and Government Regulation Number 85 of 2021 regarding PNBP rates.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Ni Desak Nyoman Pradnyani, Fish Quarantine and Inspection Agency of Denpasar

ish Quarantine and Inspection Agency of Denpasar, Bali - Indonesia (FQIA Denpasar)

Diah Ayu Safitri, Airlangga University

Fisheries Science, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine, Airlangga University

References

[1] IUCN 2019 Summary Statistics IUCN Red List Threat. Species version 2019-1.
[2] Ndobe, S., A. Moore, I. Yasir, J. Jompa. 2019. Banggai cardinalfish conservation: Priorities, opportunities, and risks. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 253(012033):1-13. Doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/253/1/012033.
[3] Ndobe, S., Yasir, I., Moore, A.M., Biondo, M.V., Foster, S.J. 2018. A study to assess the impact of international trade on the conservation status of Pterapogon kauderni (Banggai cardinalfish). Gland, International Union for Conservation of Nature.
[4] Ndobe. S, Moore, A.M., Jompa, J. 2017. Status of and threats to microhabitats of the endangered endemic Banggai Cardinalfish Pterapogon kauderni Coast. Ocean. J. 1 73–82.
[5] Wiadnyana, N.N., Suharti, S.R., Ndobe, S., Triharyuni, S., Lilley, G.R., Risuana, S., Wahyudi, D., Moore, A.M. 2020. Population trends of Banggai cardinalfish in the Banggai Islands, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 420 (2020) 012033. doi:10.1088/1755-1315/420/1/012033.
[6] Moore, A.M, Tassakka, A.C.M., Ambo-Rappe, R., Yasir, I., Smith, D.J., Jompa, J. 2019. Unexpected discovery of Diadema clarki in the Coral Triangle Mar. Biodivers. 49 1–19.
[7] Moore, A.M., Ndobe, S., Jompa, J. 2017a. Fingerprints of the Anthropocene: the 2016 Coral Bleaching Event in an Equatorial Archipelago Proc. 4th Int. Mar. Fish. Symp. 66–86
[8] Moore, A.M., Ndobe, S., Jompa, J. 2017b. A site-based conservation approach to promote the recovery of Banggai cardinalfish Pterapogon kauderni endemic populations Coast. Ocean. J. 1 63-72
[9] Soehartono, T.R., Mardiatuti, Ani. 2020. Banggai Cardinalfish (Pterapogon kauderni) And The Attempt for The Inclusion of Cites Appendix II. Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis, 12 (2): 595-606. IPB University. Bogor.
[10] Prayogo, Luhur Moekti., Natul, Al Shida 2021. Pemetaan Suhu Permukaan Laut (SPL) dan Karakteristik Pasang Surut di Perairan Pulau Bali, Indonesia. Jurnal laot Ilmu Kelautan Vol II No. 1, 1-12.
[11] Keputusan Menteri Kelautan dn Perikanan Republik Indonesia (KEPMEN-KKP) Nomor 49 tahun 2018 tentang Penetapan Status Terbatas Ikan Capungan Banggai (Pterapogon kauderni).
[12] Lenaini, Ika. 2021. Purposive and Snowball Sampling Techniques. Journal of Historical Education Research & Development. Volume 6 Number 1, Pages 33-39.
[13] Decree of the Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries of the Republic of Indonesia (KEPMEN-KKP) Number 21 of 2021 concerning Collection Quotas for Utilization of Limited Protected Fish Species Based on National Provisions and Fish Species in Appendix II of the Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora.
[14] Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES). 2017. Consideration of proposals for amendment of Appendices I and II. Seventeenth meeting of the Conference, 2018, Johannesburg, South Africa, 24 September - 5 October 2016.
[15] European Commission on Environment. 2020. The European Union and trade in wild fauna and flora.
[16] Moore, A.M., Ndobe, S., Yasir, I. 2021. Importance of monitoring an endangered endemic species -intra-species biodiversity perspectives on the Banggai cardinalfish conservation and trade. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 681 (2021) 012120. doi:10.1088/1755-1315/681/1/012120.
[17] Arbi, U.Y.; Ndobe, S.; Juliyanto, E.; dkk., (2022), Summary for Policy Maker: Population Status and Banggai Cardinalfish Management Strategy in Indonesia. Center for Oceanographic Research –National Research and Innovation Agency.
[18] SKIPM Banggai. 2020. Data Lalu lintas Perdagangan Produk Teripang 2016 – 2020. Stasiun Karantina Ikan dan Pengendalian Mutu Hasil Perikanan Banggai. Banggai.
[19] SKIPM Gorontalo. 2020. Data Lalu lintas Perdagangan Produk Teripang 2016 – 2020. Stasiun Karantina Ikan dan Pengendalian Mutu Hasil Perikanan Gorontalo. Gorontalo.
[20] SKIPM Mamuju. 2020. Data Lalu lintas Perdagangan Produk Teripang 2016 – 2020. Stasiun Karantina Ikan dan Pengendalian Mutu Hasil Perikanan Mamuju. Mamuju.
[21] BBKIPM Makassar. 2020. Data Lalulintas Perdagangan Produk Teripang 2016 – 2019. Balai Besar Karantina Ikan dan Pengendalian Mutu Hasil Perikanan Makassar. Makassar.
[22] SKIPM Kendari. 2020. Data Lalulintas Perdagangan Produk Teripang 2016 – 2020. Stasiun Karantina Ikan dan Pengendalian Mutu Hasil Perikanan Kendari. Kendari.
[23] BKIPM Manado. 2020. Data Lalulintas Perdagangan Produk Teripang 2018 – 2020. Balai Karantina Ikan dan Pengendalian Mutu Hasil Perikanan Manado. Manado.
[24] Nurlaili. 2018. Socio-Cultural Problems in the Implementation of Regulations Concerning the Protection of Shark Species in Tanjung Luar, East Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara as Derivative Rules of the Nagoya Protocol. Proceedings of the 2nd Indonesian Stingray Shark National Symposium 2018: 205-214.
[25] Adriany, DT, Koesharyani, Isti. 2017. Disease Infection of Banggai Cardinal Capfish (Pterapogon kauderni) in the Trade Chain. Jurnal Riset Akuakultur, 12 (3), 2017, 283-294. Sulawesi.
[26] Peraturan Pemerintah Republik Indonesia (PP RI) Nomor 85 Tahun 2021 tentang Jenis Dan Tarif Atas Jenis Penerimaan Negara Bukan Pajak Yang Berlaku Pada Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan. KKP. Jakarta.
[27] BKIPM Denpasar 2022 Data Lalulintas Perdagangan ikan capungan Banggai 2019 – 2022. Balai Karantina Ikan dan Pengendalian Mutu Hasil Perikanan Denpasar. Denpasar.
Published
2023-04-29
How to Cite
NEGARA, I KETUT WIJA; PRADNYANI, Ni Desak Nyoman; SAFITRI, Diah Ayu. Study on Implementation of Limited Protection Rules For Banggai Cardinalfish (Pterapogon kauderni) Which Is Transported Through The Province of Bali. Advances in Tropical Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences, [S.l.], v. 7, n. 1, p. 6-12, apr. 2023. ISSN 2622-0628. Available at: <https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/atbes/article/view/94243>. Date accessed: 28 may 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.24843/ATBES.2023.v07.i01.p02.
Section
Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)