Analisa Penggunaan Bahan Bakar Bioetanol Dari Limbah Kertas Sebagai Bahan Bakar Genset

  • Yoppy Hartantio faculty of electro
  • Rukmi Sari Hartati Universitas Udayana
  • I Nyoman Satya Kumara Universitas Udayana

Abstract

The high fuel demand in Indonesia has resulted in an increase in the ratio of imported fuels and weakened domestic energy security. In response to this, biofuels (BBN) was developed, one of which was bioethanol. The raw material for making bioethanol can be from a variety of objects, but paper is the most easily obtained bioethanol raw material around us. PT Temprina Media Grafika a subsidiary of Jawa Pos Group produces waste paper every day. From the waste is processed into bioethanol and is used as a generator fuel. From 1 kg of paper waste obtained 30 ml of bioethanol with a concentration of 86%. By mixing bioethanol in gasoline, a mixture of fuels called E85, E60 and E35 is obtained. While pure RON 88 gasoline from Pertamina is called E10. Through testing on the generator set with a load of 600 watts and 900 watts, measurements of voltage, power, frequency, RPM and SOFC were obtained that all parameters decreased when using bioethanol mixed fuels.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

[1] DEN. 2016. Outlook Energi Indonesia 2016. Jakarta : Sekertariat Dewan Energi Nasional
[2] Komarayati, Sri dan Gusmailina. 2010. Prospek Bioetanol Sebagai Pengganti Minyak Tanah. Bogor : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Hasil Hutan.
[3] Tajalli, Arief. 2015. Panduan Penilaian Potensi Biomassa Sebagai Sumber Energi Alternatif Di Indonesia. Penabulu Alliance.
[4] Fuadi, AM, Kun Harismah dan Adi Setiawan. 2015. “Hidrolisis Enzimatis Kertas Bekas Dengan Variasi Pemanasan Awal” University Research Colloquium. Vol. 1.
[5] Handayani, Sri Utami. 2007. “Pemanfaatan Bio Ethanol Sebagai Bahan Bakar Pengganti Bensin“ Gema Teknologi. Vol. 15 No.2.
[6] Wiratmaja, I Gede, I Gusti Bagus Wijaya Kusuma dan I Nyoman Suprapta Winaya. 2011. “Pembuatan Etanol Generasi Kedua Dengan Memanfaatkan Limbah Rumput Laut Eucheuma Cottonii Sebagai Bahan Baku” Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik Mesin Cakram Vol. 5 No.1. April 2011 (75-84)
[7] Kurniawan, Andre Dwiky, Semin dan Tjoek Suprajitno. 2014. “Analisa Penggunaan Bahan Bakar Bioethanol Dari Batang Padi Sebagai Campuran Pada Bensin” Jurnal Teknik Pomits. Vol. 3, No. 1.
[8] Maceiras, R, V. Alvonsin, dan J.E. Poole. 2016 “Bioethanol Production from Waste Office Paper” Journal Of Environmental Science.Vol 6 (7).
Published
2018-12-20
How to Cite
HARTANTIO, Yoppy; HARTATI, Rukmi Sari; KUMARA, I Nyoman Satya. Analisa Penggunaan Bahan Bakar Bioetanol Dari Limbah Kertas Sebagai Bahan Bakar Genset. Majalah Ilmiah Teknologi Elektro, [S.l.], v. 17, n. 3, p. 433-438, dec. 2018. ISSN 2503-2372. Available at: <https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/JTE/article/view/42668>. Date accessed: 02 june 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.24843/MITE.2018.v17i03.P19.