PROTOTYPE DESIGN OF MICRO HYDRO USING TURBINE ARCHIMEDES SCREW FOR SIMULATION OF HIDROPOWER PRACTICAL OF ELECTRO ENGINEERING STUDENTS

  • Antonius Ibi Weking Universitas Udayana
  • Yanu Prapto Sudarmojo

Abstract

Development of new and renewable energy source always developed by world researchers which one of those is energy source from water, because it’s friendly for environment and low cost. Water is one of energy source which it’s have big potential in all Indonesian territory. The main problem from microhydropower plants is a water discharge which it’s flow is not continued every year because influenced by weather season. Micro Hydro is a microhydro power plants (MHP)in a small scale. A micro hydro can be operated in a certain of time if it has a enough water supply. To knowing a right of micro hydro’s  characteristic is not easy thing to learn it. It is because a characteristic each of micro hydro’s installation location is considered specific location.              


One type of micro hydro is using Archimedes Screw Turbine. Udayana University of Electrical Engineering Department in this time not have a facility for hydropower field to use this model, so a college student not yet to receive a knowledge of this. Through this research, a writer want to expand a college student’s knowledge in hydropower field with create a prototype of micro hydro with Archimedes Screw Turbine to hydropower practical in laboratory. In this research the effect of screw’s height angle conversion and effect of water pressure conversion has to be researched. In this study will discuss the influence of water pressure and slope of the altitude angle on the rotation produced by the Archimedes screw turbine so that it can be seen the voltage, current, power generated by the generator, torque and efficiency .


The result of from handmade equipment for this research in angle 40­0 with biggest generator round (rpm) is 3768 (rpm) and highest power is 10.92057 watt, torque adalah 0.60 Nm dan efisiensi sebesar 14 %. The torque which resulted from water pressure 24 psi is 0,73 Nm and efficience 18,01 %. The voltage, current, and output power which resulted in generator is 85,8 Volt, 0,1963 Ampere and 16,85 Watt. For generator speed round in the pressure 24 Psi is 4582 rpm, while turbine speed round which resulted from the pressure 24 Psi is 383 rpm before coupled with generator and 222 rpm after coupled with generator.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Adly Havendri, Irfan Arnif, 2010, Kaji Eksperimental Penentuan Sudut Ulir Optimum Pada Turbin Ulir Untuk Data Perancangan Turbin Ulir Pada Pusat Listrik Tenaga MikriHidro (PLTMH) dengan Head Rendah, Universitas Andalas, Padang.
Bahri, A. Jasa, L. Sudarmojo, Y.P. 2017. Merancang dan Mengimplementasi Modul Praktikum Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Mikro Hidro di Jurusan Teknik Elektro dan Komputer Universitas Udayana. Teknologi Elektro, Vol. 16, No. 02, Mei - Agustus 2017.
Budiarsa. S. W, 2017, Rancang Bangun Pemodelan Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Mikro Hidro (Pltmh) Menggunakan Kincir Overshot Wheel, Universitas Udayana, Bali.
Hanmandlu, M., Goyal, H., Kothari, D. P., 2006 . “An Advanced Control Scheme for Micro Hydro Power Plants,” in International Conference on Power Electronics, Drives and Energy Systems, 2006. PEDES ’06, pp. 1 –7.
Herman Budi Harja, dkk, 2014, Penentuan Dimensi Sudu Turbin Dan Sudut Kemiringan Poros Turbin Pada Turbin Ulir Archimedes, Institut Teknologi Bandung.
Rorres, C. 2000. The Turn of the Screw: Optimal Design of An Archimedes Screw. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering. Philadelphia.
Sakurai ,T ., Funato, H ., Ogasawara, S., 2009. “Fundamental characteristics of test facility for micro hydroelectric power generation system,” presented at the International Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems. ICEMS .pp. 1 –6
Saleh, Z. Syafitra, M.F. 2016. Analisis Perbandingan Daya pada Saluran Pembawa untuk Suplai Turbin Ulir Archimedes. Simposium Nasional Teknologi Terapan (SNTT) 4. ISSN : 2339-028X.
Setiarso, M.A. Widiyanto, W. Purnomo, S.N. 2016. Potensi Tenaga Listrik dan Penggunaan Turbin Ulir Untuk Pembangkit Skala Kecil di Saluran Irigasi Banjarcahyana. DINAMIKA REKAYASA Vol. 13 No. 1 (2016), Hal. 18-27
Subandono, A., 2012. Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Mikro Hidro. Kediri : Universitas Pawyatan Daha Kediri.
Songin, K. 2017. “Experimental Analysis of Archimedes Screw Turbines”. Canada : University of Guelph.
Yul Hizhar,dkk, 2017, Rancang Bangun Dan Studi Eksperimental Pengaruh Perbedaan Jarak Pitch Dan Kemiringan Poros Terhadap Kinerja Mekanik Model Turbin Ulir 2 Blade Pada Aliran Head Rendah, Universitas Andalas, Padang.
Published
2019-06-18
How to Cite
WEKING, Antonius Ibi; SUDARMOJO, Yanu Prapto. PROTOTYPE DESIGN OF MICRO HYDRO USING TURBINE ARCHIMEDES SCREW FOR SIMULATION OF HIDROPOWER PRACTICAL OF ELECTRO ENGINEERING STUDENTS. Journal of Electrical, Electronics and Informatics, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 1, p. 6-14, june 2019. ISSN 2622-0393. Available at: <https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/JEEI/article/view/44712>. Date accessed: 11 may 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.24843/JEEI.2019.v03.i01.p02.