Uji Efektivitas Ekstrak Daun Cengkeh (Syzygium Aromaticum L.) Terhadap Phytophthora Palmivora Penyebab Penyakit Busuk Buah Kakao (Theobroma Cacao L.)

  • NI LUH PUTU SONIA SAVITA DEWI Program Studi Agroekoteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Udayana
  • DEWA NGURAH SUPRAPTA Program Studi Agroekoteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Udayana
  • I KETUT SUADA Program Studi Agroekoteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Udayana

Abstract

Effectiveness of Clove Leaf Extract (Syzygium aromaticum L.) against
Phytophthora palmivora the Cause of Cocoa Fruit Rot (Theobroma cacao L.)


Cocoa fruit rot caused by Phytophthora palmivora is one of the main diseases
that can greatly reduce the yield of cocoa production in the world. Therefore it is
necessary to control the disease in an environmentally friendly way. One of which is
using botanical pesticides. Clove leaf is one of the plants which extract can be used
as a fungicide. This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of clove leaf extract on
P. palmivora the cause of cocoa fruit rot. MIC test and colony test was done using 10
extract concentrations namely 0,1; 0,2; 0,3; 0,4; 0,5; 0,6; 0,7; 0,8; 0,9; 1,0 and 0,0%
(control). The in vivo test uses 6 extract concentrations of 0,5; 0,6; 0,7; 0,8; 0,9; 1,0
and 0,0% (control). The results showed the MIC (minimum inhibitory concentration)
of clove leaf extract to suppress the growth of P. palmivora was 0.5% which means it
is feasible to be used as a botanical pesticide. Under in vivo condition, clove leaf extract
inhibited the growth of fungal colonies and infection and can be used as fungicide to
suppress the growth of P. palmivora. The extract concentration of 1% prevented the
damage of cocoa fruit caused by P. palmivora by 100%.

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Published
2019-11-12
How to Cite
DEWI, NI LUH PUTU SONIA SAVITA; SUPRAPTA, DEWA NGURAH; SUADA, I KETUT. Uji Efektivitas Ekstrak Daun Cengkeh (Syzygium Aromaticum L.) Terhadap Phytophthora Palmivora Penyebab Penyakit Busuk Buah Kakao (Theobroma Cacao L.). Jurnal Agroekoteknologi Tropika (Journal of Tropical Agroecotechnology), [S.l.], p. 458-467, nov. 2019. ISSN 2301-6515. Available at: <https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/JAT/article/view/54493>. Date accessed: 20 jan. 2021.
Section
Articles